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  1. Quality Control = Guaranteed Obsolescence Mandatory Standardized Testing= Guaranteed Failure
  2. The Goal of Education Teach Students How to Learn “The future belongs to the learning, not the learned.” “Human history is a race between education and catastrophe.” H.G. Wells
  3. How to Improve Your Test Scores First, check to make sure weaker students live in your district. Secondly, if you have a weak student encourage them to put in another teacher's name on the test form. Thirdly, use a cooperative learning approach to the test by having the weaker students work closely with the stronger ones. Fourth, have a personal talk with some parents about the fact that the government is going to use the test data in ways too horrible to mention. And, tell them they can opt-out. Fifth, have the opt-out papers handy.
  4. orHow to Empower Students and Raise Test Scores with Less Work By Alan Haskvitz National Teachers Hall of Fame National Awards in Economics, Technology, Environment National Middle Level Teacher of the Year USA Today All American Educator International Teacher of the Year Reader's Digest Hero in Education Voted 100 Most Important Educators in World Three Golden Bells and a Pear Tree. Never been observed by a superintendent or Department of Education official
  5. Do less Students standing at desk are probably a sign of one of five things: The teacher wants to be the center of learning. The teacher didn't explain the lesson well enough. The teacher is lonesome. The students are lonesome. There is a shortage of restroom passes. The teacher is preparing them to stand in line at Disneyland. The bottom line
  6. Cardinal Rule: Empower Your Students The Best Way to Learn is to Teach Others And Remember You are helping students become Self-Actualized and (insert current Pedagogical Innovation phrase here).
  7. Doing Less Means Students Learn More Process Why not let them write some tests? Why not let them prepare lessons? Why not let them find resources?
  8. Cast Down Your Bucket Use resources in the community Senior Citizens Retired Teachers not Substituting (if there are any) College students and professors City Officials Government Agencies agriculture, census http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/states/06/0666000.html http://www.campaignmoney.com/
  9. Before I give some ideas that I use to improve standardized test scores… Proof that they do work In a school with seven sub-categories, including three minorities: ESL, and low income groups My test scores have been nearly 100 points higher than neighboring schools.
  10. 2011 California Standardized Test Score Results for my students Of 170 Students 160 Finished in top two state categories
  11. 2012 Top State Middle School Social Studies Score: 469 Haskvitz Score 474
  12. And, My students do not cheat
  13. Research has shown That technology helps Improve student performance
  14. “In helping students prepare for tests, remember that performance deficits usually arise from failures of retrieval, not failure of storage or encoding. Simply encoding information is not learning it - retrieval and expression is what demonstrates learning. Testing enhances Long Term Memory much more so than just further study, unless the study time actually involves retrieval. So tell your students that "effortful retrieval" is the strongest learning tool. Self testing opportunities should be plentiful in test preparation. Remind your students, "don't just review, retrieve, retrieve, retrieve". Ralph Miller, PhD. Binghamton University- SUNY. "Functional Analysis of Learning and Its Failures: The Benefits of Imperfect Retrieval." Presented August 14, 2010 APA Annual Convention, San Diego, CA The real secret is RETRIEVAL
  15. Ideas Use old standardized tests as practice tests. http://www.reacheverychild.com/feature/test-making.html Use bookmark sites to list self help student work http://www.reacheverychild.com/feature/bookmark_sites.html Review material twice. Once at start of the year once in March. This builds up Confidence and helps as students mature* during the year. *allegedly The second time through the students are empowered to help teach the lessons. Peer Pressure
  16. A study out of Ohio State University shows students do better with more frequent testing. Weekly spot quizzes tended to have a greater effect on exam improvement than homework. Kass, S. 1999. APA Monitor, vol. 30(9). Testing Works Best http://brains.org/
  17. Does guessing wrong on a practice test engrain the incorrect answer for the real test? Apparently not. In practice tests, some students were encouraged not to guess and others were required to guess. Guessing wrong had no effect on their test performance when given a week later. Kang, S. et al. 2011. Journal of Educational Psychology, Vol 103(1), 48 - 59. Guessing http://brains.org/
  18. Use the Fry Writing Formula to Increase Writing Level Of course this doesn’t always work
  19. Fry Formula
  20. How it Works • Students write one page on any topic • Show students how to use Graph • Review what a syllable is and how to count them • Have them “grade” their work • They keep the results to themselves • All future work must be at grade level • Students place grade level next to their name • Have a thesaurus or ten in the room
  21. And Work on Topic Sentence • It should not start with A, And, The, or a pronoun, and the sentence could also include a phrase. • Underline all one syllable words • This forces the students to adjust their writing process. • Integrate the writing….library visit for setting.
  22. Teach students how to write questions Stem: Two sentences. One explaining content and other stating the question. For example, Lincoln's Emancipation Proclamation freed some slaves. Which states did the Proclamation impact? Distracters or possible answers should not be none of some or all of the above. There should also be four of them. Use Scantrons or other fill-in type answer sheets to get the students used to this system.
  23. Relate to Them • Students learn best when they can relate the questions and concepts to their own lives • For example, current events resulted in newsletter for hospitals • Improving imagery in writing resulted in audio tapes for the blind • Geography resulted in games around the world
  24. What Happens Next • Students don’t tell anyone their level. • They need to rewrite it at grade level and give them a few days. • They should have access to a thesaurus • Show them how to use it. • All written work must now have a writing level next to the name.
  25. When you are done with a test Have a student group look them over to see which questions were the most frequently missed. Their answers could provide you with feedback on what to review. Use your test results as your best guide to improving. Give lots of tests during the year...small tests, easy to grade Tests are a learning tool. Have peer grading done for the smaller ones Give tests that count as you like, but I do it based on the homework. Homework does help if it reinforces skills taught in class
  26. Go over your student scores on last state tests. Look at how many questions are asked in each segment. When reviewing stress those areas. For example, in social studies it is the Civil War and the Constitution. Teach the process. How to learn is the most important thing. Have them teach others. What process did you use? Use Linking Use Three transfers and reading does not count Examples from Bloom plus teaching others, mnemonic devises, Indian story beads, lesson acting
  27. Research-based specific things that teachers Can do to improve test scores. To Improve Elementary Reading Test Scores •Make reading a fun and enjoyable activity. •Research shows that students who perform well on standardized reading tests enjoy reading and find it fun. •Focus on building student vocabulary. •Provide time for silent reading
  28. Raising Middle School Reading Test Scores •Projects based on what a student reads •Making predictions •Having group discussion on what is read •Writing journal entries on what is read I teach them to read the last chapter first and to speed read
  29. Raising High School Reading Test Scores Reading for enjoyment •Reading is a favorite activity •Positive teacher attitude •Writing about what you read at least once a month •Books read outside of school Factors that Do Not Influence Reading Scores at High School •Assigning homework that students must complete with parents •Using parents as aids in the classroom •Making predictions •Reading aloud •Silent reading
  30. Awesome Stories as Resource for Common Core Language Arts Integration of Knowledge and Ideas CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.8.3 Analyze how incidents in a story propel the action CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.8.7 Analyze the extent to which a filmed or live production of a story or drama stays faithful to or departs from the text or script, evaluating the choices made by the director or actors. CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.8.9 Analyze how a modern work of fiction draws on themes, patterns of events, or character types from myths, traditional stories, or religious works such as the Bible, including describing how the material is rendered new. http://www.awesomestories.com/
  31. Awesome Stories Some Videos with Explanations 300 - Battle of Thermopylae ARGO Aviator Beautiful Mind, A Beowulf Black Hawk Down Braveheart Charlotte's Web Four Feathers The Hunger Games I Am David King Arthur Quiet American, The Red Tails Remember The Titans Seabiscuit Shadow of the Vampire: The Real Dracula Shadowlands The Lorax The Raven
  32. Argo Real Story of Argo Waiting for the delay to be lifted was mentally exhausting for the six. Without thinking, Joe - who understands Farsi, picked-up a newspaper and started reading. Mendez was shocked. Who would believe that a Canadian movie-maker could understand Farsi? At about the same time, Joe realized what he was doing and put the paper down. He'd avoided what could have been a disastrous unraveling of the escape plan. Once the flight was ready to go, the escaping Americans had to clear security checkpoints again. Crossing the tarmac, in the airport bus, the "ARGO" crew members were stunned to see "Aargau” written on the airplane. Perhaps a good omen for their escape? The joy of escape was slightly diminished when they learned they were not going home. No one could know about their escape, for fear of what would happen to the hostages still in Iran. They lived in hiding in Florida until all the hostages were released. e
  33. .To Improve Elementary Level Math Test Scores: •Spend 3-5 hours on math a week. Avoid excess homework. Research shows that an excess of 15 minutes of math homework each day might actually hinder the goal of improving test scores. •Ability grouping is helpful as well
  34. Strategies that Have No Impact on Elementary Math Test Scores The frequency in which teachers assign written responses has little impact, but assign some •Individual and group assignments •Multiple choice tests •Use of the computer to play math games •Use of the computer for drill or practice in math •Math specialist to provide enrichment •Math specialist to provide remediation
  35. Strategies that can have a negative impact on state standardized math test scores While it may seem counter intuitive, students who spend more than 5 hours a week on math actually have lower scores than those who spend 3-5 hours a week in math class. Additionally, for middle school students, having up to an hour of homework can be very helpful, but more than this can negatively impact test scores. •Using the computer in math class can actually hurt scores •Use of a calculator during class can hurt test scores significantly •Drill and practice for basic facts has a negative impact on middle school math test scores
  36. Get into the head of the assessment writer Teach key words to look for such as not, all, except. Teach the students to anticipate from the question. Look for clues...all, you only need to know ONE insect to get the answer correct. What features do all insects have? A) 2 legs and 4 body parts B) 4 legs and 2 body parts C) 6 legs and 3 body parts D) 8 legs and 3 body parts
  37. Teach from today backwards. Make connections Integrate lessons with other teachers. Poems Mnemonic devises Make more hands-on lessons (not puppets) Use current events. Use quality circles Jig Saw large amounts of material Have students create their own textbook http://www.bookemon.com/book-profile/united-states-history/52327 And PowerPoints http://userwebs.inreach.com/~s-uzweb/main And publish them http://www.octa-trails.org/learn/resources/powerpoints/wagons.pdf Use a variety of methods to teach basics. Give them the Answers. They provide the questions.
  38. Finding free resources Reach Every Child 10,000 free resources updated every two weeks http://www.reacheverychild.com
  39. 1/24/12 MORE IDEAS -Triage -Listen to the students wrong answers “Lost Scout Approach” -Living Spread Sheet history-math-whatever -Use visual clues. Research has shown that drawing helps students -Give parents practice tests to help their children -Proper Noun Cards
  40. On Test Day Make the room comfortable...try to have tests given in the room where the topic is studied When taking the test remind them to leave questions they don't understand to last. Sometimes another question can provide the answer. Don't test on Monday Don't test first period Don't test after lunch Lie to the students...Use lucky pencil. Research that has shown it works.
  41. The Bottom Line Research has shown test scores will improve the first three to four years and level off or go down slightly after. it is called gravity Google Fight Data School test scores improve 5,190,000 results School test scores fall 5,160,000 results
  42. Resources/Articles http://teachers.net/gazette/JUN09/haskvitz/ http://www.reacheverychild.com/feature/index.html http://www.awesomestories.com/ http://www.reacheverychild.com/feature/assessment.html      Links to testing resource sites Good Educational Videos Articles I have written Over 200 Features on Teaching

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