Impact of Open Textbook Adoption on Teaching and Learning

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Research Examining the Impact of Open Textbook Adoption on Teaching and Learning: Early Findings

Presentation at CCCOER Meeting , June 22, 2010
Clare Mortensen, Institute for the Study of
Knowledge Management in Education

Licença: CC-BY-SA

Fonte: http://www.slideshare.net/oercommons/iskme-slides-ccotc-062110-sent

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  • Shows the trajectory of our research how we’ve built upon our learnings/finding over time…early research in ‘03 focused on online resources (not open resources) and instructgors interest in using online resources. Started looking at digital resources and whether instructors were intersted in using them.Then worked on six studies of OER – how users on an OER platform create and use materials, incentives and dicinsentives to that use and creationThen moved into questions that focus on how OER is aligned to teaching and learning and what new practices OER might support
  • Faculty interviewed represented six major academic disciplinesOf the faculty that have been interviewed so far, 29% are from public universities, 18% are from private universities, and 53% from community collegesOf those faculty we have yet to interview/contact for interviews, 90% are community college faculty (and 20 of the 24 to be contacted are De Anza College faculty using Collaborative Statistics)Ten States Represented (2) California (2) Florida (4) Washington (2) Pennsylvania (2) New York (5) Other (IL, MA, MT, NH, TX)
  • Among the faculty interviewed, about half are using textbooks available via Flat World KnowledgeAbout a quarter of the faculty reported the textbook they are using is not available any of the more well known repositories but rather the textbook is posted as a document/pdf on a university website or a personal website. Lulu may be used in combination so that students can order hard copies. Textbook authors expressed interest/desire to post their book on other repositories as well – or stated they’d heard that it has been posted elsewhere by someone else (so there is some overlap btw these categories)
  • Among the faculty interviewed, about half are using textbooks available via Flat World KnowledgeAbout a quarter of the faculty reported the textbook they are using is not available any of the more well known repositories but rather the textbook is posted as a document/pdf on a university website or a personal website. Lulu may be used in combination so that students can order hard copies. Textbook authors expressed interest/desire to post their book on other repositories as well – or stated they’d heard that it has been posted elsewhere by someone else (so there is some overlap btw these categories)
  • Faculty are motivated by pricePeer review – several faculty discussed how open textbooks need to be brought into existing peer review processes at colleges and universities. We are addressing that with CCOTCA couple of faculty interviewed talked about the potential for open textbooks to be adopted department-wide. While faculty resist any infringement on autonomy, the fact that open textbooks can be modified/the sequence can be changed means there’s more potential for department wide adoption. Addresses issue of having common course material across many courses taught by different faculty.
  • Faculty are motivated by pricePeer review – several faculty discussed how open textbooks need to be brought into existing peer review processes at colleges and universities. We are addressing that with CCOTCA couple of faculty interviewed talked about the potential for open textbooks to be adopted department-wide. While faculty resist any infringement on autonomy, the fact that open textbooks can be modified/the sequence can be changed means there’s more potential for department wide adoption. Addresses issue of having common course material across many courses taught by different faculty.
  • Information Systems: online textbook “models everything we’re talking about in class”Political Science: online textbook enhances interactivity between traditional course material and public domain websites (such as whitehouse.com)Mathematics: difficult to utilize disjointed OER materials; an open textbook provides consistency in notation – “I can’t see how a math book could be a mashup”Sciences: open textbooks lend themselves well to “the linear nature of teaching certain subjects”
  • Tell the audience: Students tell faculty it’s easier to locate information using open textbooks
  • Impact of Open Textbook Adoption on Teaching and Learning

    1. 1. Research Examining the Impact of Open TextbookAdoption on Teaching and Learning: Early FindingsCCCOER Meeting , June 22, 2010Clare Mortensen, Institute for the Study ofKnowledge Management in Education ISKME:
    2. 2. Introduction and Methodology
    3. 3. CCOTC Research and Evaluation Methodology CCOTP/CCCOER1) What institutional Participant Obs. policies are needed of Meetings • Identification of factors to support adoption influencing open and use of open CCOTP/CCCOER textbook adoption and textbooks? Interviews what obstacles exist to2) How and to what their use extent are open Administrator • Insight into ways that textbooks being Interviews open textbook use created, shared, enhances teaching and and used? learning Bookstore Mgr.3) How does the use of Interviews • Identification of benefits open textbooks and challenges of open support teaching and textbook adoption in learning? Student interviews terms of teaching, learning, and institutional policy Faculty Interviews Research Questions Data Collection Methods
    4. 4. Overview of ISKME’s OER Research TrajectoryTimeline and Projects 2003 2005 2007 2009 2011 • FHSST • Teachers’ Domain • OER Arts • Online & SJ Cyberlearning • CNX • Training Commons Learning • Travel Well EUN Siyavula 0 in Community in Dev Ed OER Colleges • MITE Commons • SEP • CurriculumNet  Ongoing Projects • Curriki Community College Open OER PD Textbook Project • Ways that OER supports teaching and learning • Emergent practices/perceptions aligned to OERMajor ResearchIssues Studied • Types of and ways knowledge is • Creation, use and reuse behaviors shared through OER • Challenges and supports for OER • OER communities of practice • Incentives and interest to participate in online resources • Existing behaviors to support use of online resources and OER • What makes resources usable and reusable for teachers and learners
    5. 5. Summary of Interviews Complete and Outstanding Sample Target Response Interviews Complete Faculty 41* 25 17 Administrators 2 5 1 Bookstore 2 5 1 Managers Students 3 5 0 CCOTP Members 3 5 2 *Includes 20 faculty users of Collaborative Statistics at De Anza College
    6. 6. Faculty Interviews:Preliminary Findings
    7. 7. Disciplines and Type of Courses Taught Computer Science Political Science 65% Education teach online or hybrid courses Fine Arts Business and Economics Math Academic Discipline (N=17)
    8. 8. Familiarity and Engagement with Open Textbooks 94% first-time adopters of open textbooks 29% authors of open textbooks
    9. 9. Textbook Repositories Used 47% 24% 12% 12% 6% N = 17
    10. 10. Textbook Licenses Used 59% 29% 29% 6% N = 17
    11. 11. Factors Influencing Open Textbook Adoption• Financial savings for students• Word of mouth I adopted the textbook because an old colleague of mine wrote the book and I• Authorship agreed with his [pedagogical and• Peer review philosophical] approach.• Department-wide adoption
    12. 12. Benefits of Open Textbook Use (Overall) I didn’t know or think about this before I• Ability to modify adopted the book.. I’ve changed around• Interactivity the book so it’s in the order I like. I’ve added material to it. I like making it fit to• Consistency the way I want to teach the course.
    13. 13. Benefits Across Academic DisciplinesDiscipline Open Textbook Use ExampleInformation Systems Textbook “models everything we’re talking about in class”Political Science Textbook enhances interactivity between traditional course materials and public domain websites (such as whitehouse.com)Mathematics Textbook provides consistency in notation – “I can’t see how a math book could be a mashup”Sciences Textbook well-aligned with “the linear nature of teaching certain subjects”
    14. 14. Impact of Open Textbook Use on Teaching PracticeEnhances I’m now offering students the ability to interact with information and theirfaculty’s ability interaction is what leads the classroom. It’sto support not just the method of information that’s being changed, it provides the opportunityinteractive for students to access more originallearning material in a way that promotes interactive learning.processes
    15. 15. Impact of Open Textbook Use on Teaching PracticeEnhances faculty’sability to support Now I send emails to my students with astudents’ URL link to the chapter they’re supposed to read. It helps keep them on track withmetacognitive where we are in the course.processes
    16. 16. Impact of Open Textbook Use on Teaching ractice• Facilitates faculty collaboration My colleagues and I collaborated to integrate the book with our existing syllabi• Leads faculty and course curriculum…now we meet towards regularly to talk about lesson plans. advocacy
    17. 17. Research and Evaluation Next Steps
    18. 18. Moving Forward with Analysis and Dissemination• Continuing interviews with faculty bookstore managers, administrators, and students• Conducting analysis of data• Dissemination of findings in Fall 2010/Winter 2011• Peer-reviewed journal article
    19. 19. Clare MortensenInstitute for the Study of KnowledgeManagement in Educationclare@iskme.org

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