More than 200,000,000 objects More than 50 countries
Its is not free, it is freedom; Cost less for users; Grant re-use rights associated with “web culture”; Innovation in distribution and publishing models; They are peer-reviewed; And yes, they have great index of impact results.
Some examples of OER are – Learning Activity Management System/ LAMS software
Like the BOAI, the CTD lays out strategies for the development of Open ed – it recommends the adoption of -
Green-Paper: Understand the reality and propose recommendations; Engage in debates on how “international” these recommendations can be
Tool-Kit for professors/teachers: “train the trainer” (effort with UNESCO)
Network: connect Brazilian efforts with foreign efforts
International conference: discuss Br and foreign efforts; and validate recommendations. Present to Br congress representatives. (Oct/2009)
Participation and Innovation Learning continuity Accumulation Experimentation Reflection Built of Concepts Practice It is not automatic – one has to learn how to learn Nets of learning Interconnection Collaboration Inductor Environment Inductor agents
free availability on the public internet, permitting users to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of these articles, crawl them for indexing, pass them as data to software, or use them for any other lawful purpose, without financial, legal or technical barriers other than those inseparable from gaining access to the internet itself .”
In Open Access the old tradition – to publish for the sake of inquiry, knowledge and peer acclaim – and a new technology – the Internet – have converged to make possible an unprecedented public good:
“ the world-wide electronic distribution of the peer-reviewed journal literature”
Implementation Resources Learning Content Tools Intellectual property licenses to promote open publishing of materials, design-principles, and localization of content. Full courses, course materials, content modules, learning objects, collections, journals Software to support the creation, delivery, use and improvement of open learning content including searching and organization of content, content and learning management systems, content development tools, and on-line learning communities. Text on OER slides are licensed GNU FDL v1.2 http://www.gnu.org/licenses/fdl.html
“ A revolution of sorts is sweeping education ...In another promising development, a coalition of educators, foundations and Internet pioneers in January signed a declaration urging governments and publishers to make publicly funded educational material available free over the Internet . The Cape Town Open Education Declaration has so far been signed by more than 140 organizations and nearly 1,500 individuals.”
Text Text b CC Li c enses support Interoperability bn bd ba bnd bna OER wants education to be here: “ All rights reserved” Publi c Domain Attribution Only are clear, comprehensible and compatible b CC BY
OER understood in the context of e-learning education.
However, there is the necessity of adressing the case of textbooks.
BIS - Map of Digital exclusion The low PIB per capita , ally to existing social and regional inequalities, explains the fact that Brazilian users belong, in the great majority, to the higher classes. Source: IBGE - 2003 “ In terms of computer access rates, 12,42% of the population living in urbanized areas are included; while the rate is only 0,98% in rural areas” Source: CPS/FGV (using micro data from PNAD/IBGE)
Encourage educators and learners to actively participate in the emerging open education movement. Creating and using open resources should be considered integral to education and should be supported and rewarded accordingly;
Open educational resources should be freely shared through open licences which facilitate use, revision, translation, improvement and sharing by anyone. Resources should be published in formats that facilitate both use and editing, and that accommodate a diversity of technical platforms.
Governments, school boards, colleges and universities should make open education a high priority. Ideally, taxpayer-funded educational resources should be open educational resources. Accreditation and adoption processes should give preference to open educational resources.
Amend copyright law to expand and formalize exceptions and limitations related to education, libraries, etc.
Establish a federal law/policy giving “open” and cost-free access to books, theses and articles necessary for higher-education produced by professors working full-time in public universities or students receiving full time scholarships from the government;
Establish a federal law/policy establishing “open” licensing (allowing all uses including commercial use, such as the Creative Commons Attribution license), and cost-free access to books and other educational resources, such as digital or analog learning objects, developed by and/or paid by the federal government and its sub-contractors;
Unify copyright policy, specifically the establishment of an unified “open” license approach (allowing all uses including commercial use, such as the Creative Commons Attribution license) regarding projects developed by the federal government which aim to provide educational resources to all levels of education;