Language Arts Vocabulary 6th Grade Academic Vocabulary
6th Grade Language Arts Standards LA.6.1.1 Students use the reading process to apply a variety of comprehensionstrategies before, during and after reading.LA.6.1.2 Students read and interpret a variety of literary texts including historicalfiction, novels, poetry, fairy tales, tall tales, myths, legends and plays.LA.6.1.3 Students demonstrate understanding of informational texts.LA.6.2.1 Students apply writing skills to plan, draft, revise, and publish writing forintended audiences.LA.6.2.2 Students write a variety of expressive and expository pieces.LA.6.3.1 Students speak on a focused topic with clear organization including main ideawith supporting details and a recognizable conclusion.LA.6.3.2 Students communicate using organization, volume, posture, pace, eye con-tact, and relevant gestures.LA.6.3.3 Students follow directions and provide relevant feedback through note takingor orally responding.LA.6.3.4 Students read aloud their own or others’ texts fluently and expressively.LA.6.3.5 Students engage in small group discussion using strategies to contribute andcreate consensus.LA.6.3.6 Students understand and explain techniques used in media such aspropaganda
Adjective• An adjective describes a noun. The race car is green.
Adverb• An adverb is a word that modifies the meaning of a Verb; an Adjective; another adverb; a noun or noun phrase; determiner; a numeral; a pronoun; or a prepositional phrase and can sometimes be used as a complement of a preposition. Roxanne happily played with the balloon.
Cause/Effect• A cause is the reason why something happens. The effect is what happens because of the cause.
Characterization• The creation and convincing representation of fictitious characters. How a character acts, speaks, looks, feels, and how other characters react to the character.
Chronological• The arrangement of events in time.
Climax• a. A moment of great or culminating intensity in a narrative or drama, especially the conclusion of a crisis.• b. The turning point in a plot or dramatic action.
Conflict• Opposition between characters or forces in a work of drama or fiction, especially opposition that motivates or shapes the action of the plot.
Exposition• writing or speech primarily intended to convey information or to explain; a detailed statement or explanation; explanatory treatise: The students prepared expositions on familiar essay topics.
Falling Action• the part of a literary plot that occurs after the climax has been reached and the conflict has been resolved.
Fiction• the class of literature comprising works of imaginative narration; made-up stories.
Foreshadowing• to show or indicate before hand; prefigure; to hint at future events.
Headline• a heading in a newspaper for any written material, sometimes for an illustration, to indicate subject matter, set in larger type than that of the copy and containing one or more words and lines and often several banks.
Imagery• figurative or descriptive language in a literary work; designed invoke images in the readers mind.
Infer/Inference• Make a judgment statement based on prior knowledge and evidence. If Jane is crying, she must be sad.
Main Idea• The central idea in a literary work; what the tex is mostly about.
Metaphor• A comparison between two unlike things with the intent of giving added meaning to one of them. Unlike a simile, a metaphor does not use a connective word such as like, as, than, or resembles to state a comparison.
Mood• The feeling an author creates for the reader in a story/text.
Narrator• One who narrates or tells, a story. A writer may choose to have a story told by a first person narrator, someone who is either a major or minor character. Or, a writer may choose to use a third person narrator, someone who is not in the story at all. Third person narrators are often omniscient, or "all knowing"- that is, they are able to enter into the minds of all the characters in the story.
Nonfiction• Any prose narrative that tells about things as they actually happened or that posses factual information about something. Autobiography and biography are the most common forms. A social studies textbook is nonfiction or factual.
Noun• A noun is the name of a person, place, thing, or idea
Personification• A figure of speech in which an animal, an object, a natural force, or an idea is given personality, or described as if it were human.
Plot• The sequence of events or happenings in a literary work. A plot is what happens in a story.
Poem• A piece of writing that partakes of the nature of both speech and song, and that is usually rhythmical and metaphorical.
Point of View• The vantage point from which a narrative is told.
Possessive• indicating possession, ownership, origin, etc. This is the dog’s bowl.
Proofread• to read (copy or printers proofs) to detect and mark errors to be corrected
Punctuation• The marks, such as period, comma, and parentheses, used in writing to separate sentences and their elements and to clarify meaning. . ! ? , “ ‘
Quotation• A group of words taken from a text or speech and repeated by someone other than the original author or speaker.
Research Paper• Research papers are generally longer pieces of written work than essays. Writing a research paper involves all of the steps for writing an essay plus some additional ones.
Resolution• the part of the storys plot line in which the problem of the story is resolved or worked out. This occurs after the falling action and is typically where the story ends.
Rising Action• Rising action is the series of events that lead to the climax of the story, usually the conflicts or struggles of the protagonist.
Root Words• A root is the basic element of a word, and it is the foundation on which the meaning of a word is built.
Short Story• A short story is a brief work of fiction. It usually contains one major conflict and often only one major character. Its brevity usually suggests concise narration and limited setting.
Simile• A comparison made between two dissimilar things through the use of a specific word of comparison such as Like, as, than, or resembles. The comparison must be between two essentially unlike things.
Summarize• to briefly describe the who, what, when, why and how of something.
Supporting Details• details that tell you more about and support the main idea
Theme• Theme is the dominant idea that a writer is trying to convey to his readers in a work of literature. A universal idea in literature. The author wrote a story about the joy of love.
Thesis Statement• The main idea of how something relates to a particular theme or idea.
ToneTone is the feeling created by a work ofliterature.
Topic Sentence• is a sentence that captures the meaning of the entire paragraph or group of sentences. It tells what the passage is mainly about.
Verb• the word or phrase that gives the action, or asserts something, in a sentence, clause etc.
Voice• Voice is the authors style, the quality that makes his or her writing unique, and which conveys the authors attitude, personality, and character.