A Primer on Finding, Evaluating, and
Utilizing Electronic Information
Upon completion of this
lesson, you will be able to:
◦ Use technology and
information resources to
BETTER research issues
related to an essay topic
◦ Formulate a research
◦ Where to go for
Purpose of writing
◦ Balanced approach or shock value
How current is information?
◦ Theories are always changing
◦ Well researched
◦ Various topics
◦ Check reliability
• Author or contact person - usually located at the
bottom of the page
• Institution - usually a logo or link located in either
header or footer
• Date of creation or revision - usually at the bottom of
• Intended audience - determined by examining the
• Purpose of the information - determined by examining
org :An advocacy web site, such as a not-for-profit
.com : A business or commercial site.
.net:A site from a network organization or an
Internet service provider.;
.edu :A site affiliated with a higher education
.gov: A federal government site.
.il.us :A state government site, this may also
include public schools and community colleges.
.uk (United Kingdom) : A site originating in another
country (as indicated by the 2 letter code).
•Identify your information need: What is your research question?
What is the scope of your assignment?Identify
•Recognize the differences between information sources in terms of
scope, accuracy, and authority. What resource or types of resources
will help you meet your information needs?
•Develop a search strategy to fulfill your information need. Which
techniques, terms, and topologies will help you discover the best
•Utilize resources effectively, ethically and legally. How do you use
the resources available to you? How do you give proper credit to the
sources you cite?
•Assess the value, quality, and integrity of information. Can you tell
if the source is trustworthy, well-supported, and current?Assess
•Incorporate new information into an existing knowledge or value
base. How does the source contribute to your understanding of a
topic or field? How might it influence further research?
OneNote will take and
organize screen shots of
Use the above command to take “screen
If this program is “active”
on your PC it can be
runs OCR on
cool is that!
AND will retrieve results in which both items are
present. Example: elephants AND lions
OR will retrieve results in which at least one of the
search terms is present. Very useful for synonyms
or related words. Example: elephants OR lions
chain big box
NOT excludes results that contain the second term.
Example: elephants NOT lions
NEAR retrieves documents with the search terms appearing
within a specified number of words of each other. The exact
number of words will vary from one database or search
engine to another; in some, you can specify the proximity by
a certain number of words.
Quotation marks tell a database to look for an exact
phrase, rather than separate words.
Example: A search for the words „public‟ and „policy‟ will
retrieve any article that contains those two words, even if
„public‟ is on the first page, and „policy‟ is on page 18.
Searching for “public policy” will return only articles that
use that exact phrase.
These basic search strategies can be used in library catalogs and
databases and also search engines such as Google