APA Style 6th Edition Review and Citation Quiz

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  • 1. Find the Citation Error: Roy‟s Quiz on APA In- Text and Reference Page Citation Style
  • 2. Catch the Error #1 Note: this is a paraphrase Hollingshead measured aggressiveness in children before and after exposure to violent videogames (2002, p. 15).
  • 3. Revised Hollingshead (2002) measured aggressiveness in children before and after exposure to violent videogames. Explanation: The year comes after the researcher‟s name. No page number is needed if there is no direct quote. Page numbers are allowed….
  • 4. Catch the Error #2 Neither group showed any significant growth (Wong and Tuttle 2005).
  • 5. Revised Neither group showed any significant growth (Wong & Tuttle, 2005). Explanation: Use an ampersand (&) when citing parenthetically and put a comma between author(s) and year of publication.
  • 6. Catch the Error #3 Duffy & Petronius (2002, p. 23) found that none of the subjects showed improvement.
  • 7. Revised Duffy and Petronius (2002) found that none of the subjects showed improvement. Explanation: Use “and” -- not ampersand -- when citing authors outside of parentheses. No page number needed since there was no direct quote.
  • 8. Catch the Error #4 Boyle (1998, 1998, 1998) found in three separate studies that the rats had higher stress hormone levels after exposure. [Assume the three studies were done in 1998 and each was published separately that year.]
  • 9. Revised Boyle (1998a, 1998b, 1998c) found in three separate studies that the rats had higher stress hormone levels after exposure. Explanation: To avoid confusion, each study will be designated by a different letter – a, b, c, etc. Items are listed in the reference section alphabetically by title.
  • 10. Catch the Error #5 Parker (2003) found that there was “no significant difference between the treatment group and the control group.”
  • 11. Revision Parker (2003) found that there was “no significant difference between the treatment group and the control group” (p. 12). Explanation: Since a direct quote was used, a page number must be provided after the quote.
  • 12. Catch the Error #6 Note: this is a personal communication When contacted, Habbib had no useful explanation except that “mistakes were made” (personal phone call, 2005).
  • 13. Revised When contacted, Habbib had no useful explanation except that “mistakes were made” (personal communication, December 1, 2005). Explanation: Use “personal communication” and exact date when citing telephone calls, letters, memos, personal interviews, etc. You do not need to put this in the References section since the data is non- recoverable.
  • 14. Catch the Error #7 Note: this is a paraphrase According to Lunsford new writing spaces created by technology require the writer to focus on the audience and on the writing purpose more than ever before (2009).
  • 15. Revised According to Lunsford (2009), new writing spaces created by technology require the writer to focus on the audience and on the writing purpose more than ever before. The date goes after the name
  • 16. Catch the Error #9 Lunsford (2009) stated, “Today, perhaps more than ever before, everyone can be a writer every day.” (p. vi)
  • 17. Revised Lunsford (2009) stated, “Today, perhaps more than ever before, everyone can be a writer every day” (p. vi). Period goes at the end of the quote
  • 18. Catch the Error #10 Note: reference page reference Cleckley, Bob. (1997). Strategies for promoting pluralism in education and the workplace. Westport, CT: Praeger.
  • 19. Revised Cleckley, B. (1997). Strategies for promoting pluralism in education and the workplace. Westport, CT: Praeger.
  • 20. Catch the Error #11 Mandelbrot, B., Hudson, R. L. (2004). The misbehavior of markets. New York, NY: Basic Books.
  • 21. Revised Mandelbrot, B., & Hudson, R. L. (2004). The misbehavior of markets. New York, NY: Basic Books.
  • 22. Catch the Error #12 National Commission on Terrorist Attacks. (2004). The 9/11 commission report: final report of the National Commission on Terrorist Attacks upon the United States. New York, NY: W.W. Norton.
  • 23. Revised National Commission on Terrorist Attacks. (2004). The 9/11 commission report: Final report of the National Commission on Terrorist Attacks upon the United States. New York, NY: W.W. Norton.
  • 24. Catch the Error #13 Aguirre, A., Jr., & Baker, D. V. (Editors.) (2008). Structured inequality in the United States: Critical discussions on the continuing significance of race, ethnicity, and gender (2nd edition.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Education.
  • 25. Revised Aguirre, A., Jr., & Baker, D. V. (Eds.) (2008). Structured inequality in the United States: Critical discussions on the continuing significance of race, ethnicity, and gender (2nd ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Education.
  • 26. Catch the Error #14 Bretschneider, John Garrett and McCoy, Nancy Lewis, 1968. Sexual Interest and Behavior in Healthy 80- 102-Year-Olds. Archives of Sexual Behavior, Vol. 14, pp. 343-350.
  • 27. Revised Bretschneider, J. G., & McCoy, N. L. (1968). Sexual interest and behavior in healthy 80-120-year- olds. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 14, 343-350. Explanation: 1) only initials for first names; 2) year in parentheses followed by period; 3) lower case in article title; 4) italicize journal name and capitalize first letters; 5) no “Vol.,” just italicize; 6) no “pp.”; 7) hanging indent.
  • 28. Catch the Error #15 Most experts believed the effects would be disastrous (NIMH, 2000). For example, 8 of those surveyed believed supplies would run out within 24 hours. Not surprisingly, only 2 out of 15 thought survival was possible after thirty-six hours. (Assume NIMH is introduced here for the first time.)
  • 29. Revised Most experts believed the effects will be disastrous (National Institutes of Mental Health [NIMH], 2000). For example, eight of those surveyed believed supplies would run out within 24 hours. Not surprisingly, only 2 out of 15 thought survival was possible after 36 hours. Explanation: Number and abbreviation rules.
  • 30. Catch the Error #16 Walker, J. S., & Schutte, K. M. (2004). Practice and process in wraparound teamwork. Journal of Emotional and Behavioral Disorders, 12, 3, 182-192.
  • 31. Revised Walker, J. S., & Schutte, K. M. (2004). Practice and process in wraparound teamwork. Journal of Emotional and Behavioral Disorders, 12(3), 182-192.
  • 32. Catch the Error #17 According to Daniels (2004) “at the Olive Garden and red lobster chains, diversity efforts are encouraged from „boardroom to dining room” (Para. 5).
  • 33. Revised According to Daniels (2004), “At the Olive Garden and Red Lobster chains, diversity efforts are encouraged from „boardroom to dining room‟” (para. 5).
  • 34. Catch the Error #18 A list of companies has been singled out as best for minority employees. (Daniels, 2004).
  • 35. Revised A list of companies has been singled out as best for minority employees (Daniels, 2004).
  • 36. Catch the Error #19 Journal with no author Corrections to the Economy. (2004, Nov 1). Fortune, 150, 9, p. 32. Retrieved from: http://money.cnn.com/magazines/fortun e/
  • 37. Revised Corrections to the economy. (2004, November 1). Fortune, 150(9), 32. Retrieved from http://money.cnn.com/magazines/fortune/
  • 38. Catch the Error #20 Journal with no author Fortune magazine did name the CEO of Rite-Aid who is currently in prison for fraud (“Corrections, 2004).
  • 39. Revised Journal with no author Fortune magazine did name the CEO of Rite-Aid who is currently in prison for fraud (“Corrections,” 2004).
  • 40. Catch the Error #21 Journal from a database Tzschentke, N., & Kirk, D., & Lynch, P. A. (2004). Reasons for going green in serviced accommodation establishments. International Journal of Contemporary Hospitality Management, 16(2), p. 116-124. doi:10.1108/09596110410520007.
  • 41. Revised Tzschentke, N., Kirk, D., & Lynch, P. A. (2004). Reasons for going green in serviced accommodation establishments. International Journal of Contemporary Hospitality Management, 16(2), 116-124. doi:10.1108/09596110410520007
  • 42. Catch the Error #21 The Supreme Court declared “a company may decide to promote an employee on the basis of race under certain circumstances” (Herron and Miles, 1987).
  • 43. Revised The Supreme Court declared, “A company may decide to promote an employee on the basis of race under certain circumstances” (Herron & Miles, 1987, p. 32).
  • 44. Catch the Error #22 A chapter from a book Locker & Kienzler (2008, Ch. 7) present good guidelines for writing effective résumés and provide many examples for types of résumés.
  • 45. Revised Locker and Kienzler (2008, Chapter 7) present good guidelines for writing effective résumés and provide many examples for types of résumés.
  • 46. Catch the Error #23 Newspaper Article Herron, C. R., & Miles, M. A. (1987, Mar 1). Promotion based on race is upheld by Supreme Court. The New York Times, p. e4.
  • 47. Revised Herron, C. R., & Miles, M. A. (1987, March 1). Promotion based on race is upheld by Supreme Court. The New York Times, p. e4.
  • 48. Catch the Error #24 Website – No Author National Osteoporosis Foundation. (2008) Fast facts. Retrieved from: http://www.nof.org
  • 49. Revised National Osteoporosis Foundation. (2008). Fast facts. Retrieved from http://www.nof.org
  • 50. Catch the Error #25 Podcast - “nonroutine” information can be included in brackets. Fogarty, Martha. (Mar 9). Who versus whom [Audio Podcast]. Grammar Girl's Quick and Dirty Tips for Better Writing. Retrieved from: http://grammar.quickanddirtytips.com/w ho-versus-whom.aspx
  • 51. Revised Fogarty, M. (2007, March 9). Who versus whom [Audio podcast]. Grammar Girl's Quick and Dirty Tips for Better Writing. Retrieved from http://grammar.quickanddirtytips.com/who- versus-whom.aspx
  • 52. Catch the Error #26 YouTube Video - “nonroutine” information can be included in brackets. Apsolon, Martha. [markapsolon]. (2011, Sep 9). Real ghost girl caught on Video Tape 14 [Video file]. Retrieved from: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6nyG CbxD848
  • 53. Revised Apsolon, M. [markapsolon]. (2011, September 9). Real ghost girl caught on Video Tape 14 [Video file]. Retrieved from http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6nyGCbx D848
  • 54. Catch the Error #27 Electronic Book Davis, J. (n.d.). Familiar birdsongs of the Northwest. Available from http://www.powells.com/cgibin/biblio?ink ey=1-9780931686108-0
  • 55. Revised Davis, J. (n.d.). Familiar birdsongs of the Northwest. Retrieved from http://www.powells.com/cgibin/biblio?inkey =1-9780931686108-0
  • 56. Catch the Error #28 Online Encyclopedia Feminism. (n.a.). In Encyclopædia Britannica online. Retrieved URL: http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/t opic/724633/feminism
  • 57. Revised Feminism. (n.d.). In Encyclopædia Britannica online. Retrieved from http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic / 724633/feminism
  • 58. Catch the Error #29 Work with three to five authors (first time cited) In 2003, Berkowitz, Wadden, Tershakovec, and Cronquist concluded, “Sibutramine . . . must be carefully monitored in adolescents, as in adults, to control increases in [blood pressure] and pulse rate.”
  • 59. Revised In 2003, Berkowitz, Wadden, Tershakovec, and Cronquist concluded, “Sibutramine . . . must be carefully monitored in adolescents, as in adults, to control increases in [blood pressure] and pulse rate” (p. 1811). In subsequent citations, use the first author‟s name followed by “et al.” in either the signal phrase or the parentheses. As Berkowitz et al. (2003) advised, “Until more extensive safety and efficacy data are available, . . . weight-loss medications should be used only on an experimental basis for adolescents” (p. 1811).
  • 60. Catch the Error #30 Unknown author (book) “Children struggling to control their weight must also struggle with the pressures of television advertising that, on the one hand, encourages the consumption of junk food and, on the other, celebrates thin celebrities” (“Television,” 2002).
  • 61. Revised  Unknown author  “Children struggling to control their weight must also struggle with the pressures of television advertising that, on the one hand, encourages the consumption of junk food and, on the other, celebrates thin celebrities” (“Television,” 2002, para. 2).
  • 62. Catch the Error #31 Indirect source Former surgeon general Dr. David Satcher described, “A nation of young people seriously at risk of starting out obese and dooming themselves to the difficult task of overcoming a tough illness” (as cited in Critser, 2003).
  • 63. Revised Former surgeon general Dr. David Satcher described “a nation of young people seriously at risk of starting out obese and dooming themselves to the difficult task of overcoming a tough illness” (as cited in Critser, 2003, p. 4).