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Fire figting 1

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  • 1. Raghunath Patil FIRE FIGHTINGFIRE FIGHTING Presentation ByPresentation By Raghunath PatilRaghunath Patil Chief EngineerChief Engineer
  • 2. Raghunath Patil Fire TriangleFire Triangle  Fire is caused according to the principle of triangle .Fire is caused according to the principle of triangle . 1.1. Heat ( temperature reaching ignition point )Heat ( temperature reaching ignition point ) 2.2. Combusting material( fuel)Combusting material( fuel) 3.3. AirAir ExtinguishingExtinguishing MethodMethod 1. Heat by Cooling i.e. putting water 2. Air by Smothering / Blanketing i.e. covering 3. Fuel by Starving ( Remove burning material) Human brain without oxygen survive only 4 min. Fire extinguishes if oxygen supply stop for 2 Sec.
  • 3. Raghunath Patil The success of fire fighting depends onThe success of fire fighting depends on  Fire fighting equipments in working conditionFire fighting equipments in working condition  Fire warning system and quantity of extinguishersFire warning system and quantity of extinguishers  Fire training ( knowledge )Fire training ( knowledge )  It is essential for everybody to know type of fire and thenIt is essential for everybody to know type of fire and then extinguish it with correct extinguisher in quick and effectiveextinguish it with correct extinguisher in quick and effective manner.manner.
  • 4. Raghunath Patil Classification of fireClassification of fire 1.1. A class(Solid,wood,paper,etc)A class(Solid,wood,paper,etc) 2.2. B class (oil,paint,etc)B class (oil,paint,etc) 3.3. C class,(Gas,carbonmonoxide)C class,(Gas,carbonmonoxide) 4.4. D class ( Metal,zinc,copper,etc)D class ( Metal,zinc,copper,etc) 5.5. Electrical fire.Electrical fire.
  • 5. Raghunath Patil Extinguishers:-Extinguishers:- 1. Water type1. Water type :-:- Removes heat i.e. CoolingRemoves heat i.e. Cooling only for A class fire.only for A class fire. 2. Foam type2. Foam type :-:-Cutting of Oxygen i.e. SmotheringCutting of Oxygen i.e. Smothering or Blanketing + cooling)or Blanketing + cooling) Only on A,B fireOnly on A,B fire 3. CO2 type :-3. CO2 type :- Displace Oxygen i.e. smotheringDisplace Oxygen i.e. smothering Use only on B,C,E fireUse only on B,C,E fire 4. DCP type:-4. DCP type:- Cutting of Oxygen i.e. Smothering UseCutting of Oxygen i.e. Smothering Use only B,C,E fire. If ammonium phosphateonly B,C,E fire. If ammonium phosphate is used then it can be used on A class also.is used then it can be used on A class also.
  • 6. Raghunath Patil Types of Extinguishers in ROGSTypes of Extinguishers in ROGS Co2 AFFF DCP ABC Store Pressure Type DCP BC Cartridge Type
  • 7. Raghunath Patil CO2 EXTINGUISHERCO2 EXTINGUISHER  ContainsContains: Liquefied CO2 , 4.5 Kg at 1.125: Liquefied CO2 , 4.5 Kg at 1.125 PSI and at 16 degree .PSI and at 16 degree .  OperationOperation :-Hold the extinguisher by:-Hold the extinguisher by trigger assembly . Remove safety pintrigger assembly . Remove safety pin Approach base of fire open the valve fullyApproach base of fire open the valve fully & sweep it.& sweep it. By this we are Cutting of Oxygen ofBy this we are Cutting of Oxygen of fire called smotheringfire called smothering  Suitable forSuitable for : B,C and Electrical Fire: B,C and Electrical Fire  NoteNote:- Do not grip the fiber hose or:- Do not grip the fiber hose or cylinder during use or you will get coldcylinder during use or you will get cold burn.burn.  It can not be used against A class of fireIt can not be used against A class of fire because there is no cooling effect CO2because there is no cooling effect CO2 escape in air.escape in air.  It can not be used against D class of fireIt can not be used against D class of fire because reaction takes place.because reaction takes place.
  • 8. Raghunath Patil Co2 ExtinguisherCo2 Extinguisher 4.5 Kg Co2 Gas4.5 Kg Co2 Gas under pressureunder pressure
  • 9. Raghunath Patil AFFF TypeAFFF Type  ContainsContains : 550 ML Aqueous Film Forming: 550 ML Aqueous Film Forming foam Compound mixed with fresh water andfoam Compound mixed with fresh water and one Co2 cartridge of 60-90 gm .one Co2 cartridge of 60-90 gm .  OperationOperation: Open the safety pin . Hold the: Open the safety pin . Hold the hose towards base of fire. Strike the knobhose towards base of fire. Strike the knob with left hand . Co2 cartridge will break andwith left hand . Co2 cartridge will break and AFFF Foam with a pressure of 3.5 Kg /cm2AFFF Foam with a pressure of 3.5 Kg /cm2 will come out. Sweep it on fire. By this wewill come out. Sweep it on fire. By this we are Cutting of Oxygen of fire calledare Cutting of Oxygen of fire called smotheringsmothering  Suitable forSuitable for:- A and B class of fire.:- A and B class of fire. Note: Not to use on Electrical and D class fire because of water reaction
  • 10. Raghunath Patil AFFF TypeAFFF Type (Aqueous Film(Aqueous Film Forming Foam)Forming Foam) ExtinguisherExtinguisher 1. AFFF chemical1. AFFF chemical 2. Co2 cartridge2. Co2 cartridge 3. water3. water
  • 11. Raghunath Patil DCP ABC STORE PRESSURE TYPEDCP ABC STORE PRESSURE TYPE  ContainsContains :Contains 5 Kg Mono:Contains 5 Kg Mono Ammonium phosphate with nitrogen gasAmmonium phosphate with nitrogen gas under pressure. It does not have cartridgesunder pressure. It does not have cartridges ..  OperationOperation : Remove the safety pin hold the: Remove the safety pin hold the hose to base of fire, press the handle andhose to base of fire, press the handle and sweep. We can stop at any time in betweensweep. We can stop at any time in between by releasing handle. Nitrogen drives toby releasing handle. Nitrogen drives to jetting powder for extinguishing . By thisjetting powder for extinguishing . By this we are cutting off oxygen of fire calledwe are cutting off oxygen of fire called smotheringsmothering  Suitable ForSuitable For: A, B, C and E class of fire: A, B, C and E class of fire only.only.
  • 12. Raghunath Patil DCP Type (DryDCP Type (Dry chemical Powder )chemical Powder ) ExtinguisherExtinguisher 10 Kg DCP10 Kg DCP ContainsContains 1) Mono1) Mono AmmoniumAmmonium phosphatephosphate 2) Nitrogen2) Nitrogen
  • 13. Raghunath Patil DCP BC CARTREDGE TYPEDCP BC CARTREDGE TYPE  Note:Note: Can not be used against A class of fire.Can not be used against A class of fire.  ContainsContains :Contains Sodium bicarbonate powder 5:Contains Sodium bicarbonate powder 5 Kg and Co2 cartridge 120-150 gmKg and Co2 cartridge 120-150 gm  OperationOperation : Remove the safety pin hold the hose to: Remove the safety pin hold the hose to base of fire, Strike the knob with hand and sweepbase of fire, Strike the knob with hand and sweep the hose on fire. We can not stop till thethe hose on fire. We can not stop till the extinguisher finishes.Co2 drives to jetting powderextinguisher finishes.Co2 drives to jetting powder for extinguishing . By this we are cutting offfor extinguishing . By this we are cutting off oxygen of fire called smotheringoxygen of fire called smothering  Suitable ForSuitable For: B, C and E class of fire only.: B, C and E class of fire only.
  • 14. Raghunath Patil DCP ABC CARTREDGEDCP ABC CARTREDGE TYPETYPE  5 Kg Sodium5 Kg Sodium bicarbonatebicarbonate  Inner containerInner container  Co2 cartridge 120-Co2 cartridge 120- 150gm150gm
  • 15. Raghunath Patil FIRE HYDRANT & Fire BucketsFIRE HYDRANT & Fire Buckets
  • 16. Raghunath Patil Fire hydrant hose being connected to fight with fire
  • 17. Raghunath Patil Fire exit doorFire exit door on each flooron each floor
  • 18. Raghunath Patil
  • 19. Raghunath Patil REFUSE AREAREFUSE AREA
  • 20. Raghunath Patil FIRE HYDRANT AND FIRE BUCKETSFIRE HYDRANT AND FIRE BUCKETS  FIRE HYDRANT:- 30 MTR Mtr hose with nozzle are kept onFIRE HYDRANT:- 30 MTR Mtr hose with nozzle are kept on guest staircase each floor one. For operating connect it to theguest staircase each floor one. For operating connect it to the hydrant point ( which is in the duct of each floor) and open thehydrant point ( which is in the duct of each floor) and open the valve. Jet water will go upto 50 to 60 feetvalve. Jet water will go upto 50 to 60 feet  30 Mtr hose reel also connected to the hydrant on each floor.30 Mtr hose reel also connected to the hydrant on each floor. This rubber hose reel of 1 inch width can be unroll and we canThis rubber hose reel of 1 inch width can be unroll and we can use with pressure nozzleuse with pressure nozzle  There are fire buckets are kept near DG set, Gas bank and HTThere are fire buckets are kept near DG set, Gas bank and HT Panel room. They should not be removed or use for otherPanel room. They should not be removed or use for other purpose except fire fighting.purpose except fire fighting.
  • 21. Raghunath Patil Action in case of fireAction in case of fire 1. During break out of fire panic , nervousness and confusion should not be there. 2.2. Inform Reception and security by dialing 9 by nearest Tel.Inform Reception and security by dialing 9 by nearest Tel. 3.3. Give the your name, exact location and size of fireGive the your name, exact location and size of fire 4.4. Action should be quick so that small fire can be extinguishAction should be quick so that small fire can be extinguish immediately. The delay in action cause fire to grow and mayimmediately. The delay in action cause fire to grow and may become difficult to be controlled laterbecome difficult to be controlled later 5.5. Stay on the fire area if safe to do so. Don’t panic .Try toStay on the fire area if safe to do so. Don’t panic .Try to extinguish the fire with extinguishers/fire hydrant hose.extinguish the fire with extinguishers/fire hydrant hose. 6.6. If fire not under controlIf fire not under control , inform fire brigade and Evacuate, inform fire brigade and Evacuate HotelHotel 7.7. Follow the route for escape which is pasted on each door inFollow the route for escape which is pasted on each door in roomroom 8.8. Provide help to the guest for evacuation .Provide help to the guest for evacuation . 9.9. For guest assembly point is Porch areaFor guest assembly point is Porch area 10.10. For staff Lower parking areaFor staff Lower parking area
  • 22. Raghunath Patil YOU MUST KNOWYOU MUST KNOW 1.1. The place where the fire fighting extinguishers are kept .The place where the fire fighting extinguishers are kept . 2.2. The place where fire hydrant hoses and fire buckets are kept.The place where fire hydrant hoses and fire buckets are kept. 3.3. Fire hydrant points.Fire hydrant points. 4.4. The telephone numbers of fire brigade , ambulance andThe telephone numbers of fire brigade , ambulance and policepolice 5.5. what is the class of fire and what kind of of fire extinguisherwhat is the class of fire and what kind of of fire extinguisher can be used for this class of firecan be used for this class of fire 6.6. Application of water on liquid fire and electrical fire causesApplication of water on liquid fire and electrical fire causes fire to spreadfire to spread 7.7. The route for escape is marked and pasted on each door inThe route for escape is marked and pasted on each door in roomroom
  • 23. Raghunath Patil DO’s and DONT’sDO’s and DONT’s 1.1. DO NOT allow to use lift. Use only staircase left side.DO NOT allow to use lift. Use only staircase left side. 2.2. Do not run to fire zone without extinguisher.Do not run to fire zone without extinguisher. 3.3. Close window & door as you leave fire zoneClose window & door as you leave fire zone 4.4. Do not shoutDo not shout 5.5. DO NOT open door & not to switch on Exhaust fanDO NOT open door & not to switch on Exhaust fan 6.6. Do not waste time to collect personnel belongings.Do not waste time to collect personnel belongings. 7.7. Use wet towel on your mouth and noseUse wet towel on your mouth and nose 8.8. Crawl at lower level while passing through smoke areCrawl at lower level while passing through smoke are 9.9. Do not break sealed window . Do not open window suddenlyDo not break sealed window . Do not open window suddenly 10.10. Do not jump out of windowDo not jump out of window 11.11. The water buckets and sand buckets should not be removedThe water buckets and sand buckets should not be removed unless required for fighting the fire.unless required for fighting the fire.
  • 24. Raghunath Patil EMERGENCY TELEPHONE NUMBERSEMERGENCY TELEPHONE NUMBERS  100 -- POLICE100 -- POLICE  101 – FIRE BRIGADE101 – FIRE BRIGADE  102 – AMBULANCE102 – AMBULANCE  103 – TRFFIC POLICE103 – TRFFIC POLICE  108 – NATIONAL EMERGENCY108 – NATIONAL EMERGENCY  ALL THESE ARE TOLL FREE NUMBERSALL THESE ARE TOLL FREE NUMBERS
  • 25. Raghunath Patil CAUSESCAUSES OF FIREOF FIRE:-:-  HousekeepingHousekeeping :- Poor house keeping is a poor fire:- Poor house keeping is a poor fire hazard . Cotton , cloths, papers ,etc are the sourceshazard . Cotton , cloths, papers ,etc are the sources of ignition. They should be kept away fromof ignition. They should be kept away from combusting material like petrol, oil ,etc.combusting material like petrol, oil ,etc.  SmokingSmoking:-:- Careless smoking in non smoking areasCareless smoking in non smoking areas should be stopped . Smoking shall be permitted inshould be stopped . Smoking shall be permitted in smoking zone only.smoking zone only.  Welding / gas cuttingWelding / gas cutting :-:- While doing gas weldingWhile doing gas welding or oxy-acetylene cutting produces flying sparksor oxy-acetylene cutting produces flying sparks which falls on inflammable material and fire takeswhich falls on inflammable material and fire takes place.place.
  • 26. Raghunath Patil  Ignorance about fire hazardsIgnorance about fire hazards:- Lack of knowledge about:- Lack of knowledge about the safe methods of storage of inflammable liquids,the safe methods of storage of inflammable liquids, materials. Correct use of electrical equipments etc.materials. Correct use of electrical equipments etc.  Negligent habitNegligent habit :- Our negligent or careless habits are:- Our negligent or careless habits are responsible for fire out break. A lighted match stick,responsible for fire out break. A lighted match stick, cigarette end carelessly thrown on any combusting material .cigarette end carelessly thrown on any combusting material .  Kitchen:-Kitchen:- Most sensible area to get fire in hotel. KitchenMost sensible area to get fire in hotel. Kitchen staff should take extra care while preparing food. In kitchenstaff should take extra care while preparing food. In kitchen because of carelessness oil fire and gas fire can take place.because of carelessness oil fire and gas fire can take place.  Electrical Panel RoomElectrical Panel Room: No material to be stored in electrical: No material to be stored in electrical panel room. Small short circuit will be converted into bigpanel room. Small short circuit will be converted into big fire.fire.
  • 27. Raghunath Patil FIRE FIGHTINGFIRE FIGHTING  FIRE = Fire Inform Response EvacuateFIRE = Fire Inform Response Evacuate  Fire is a good servant but bad master. So we must alwaysFire is a good servant but bad master. So we must always keep fire under our control. And not allow fire to be ourkeep fire under our control. And not allow fire to be our master.master.  Fire is a serious danger to hotel buildings. Fire occursFire is a serious danger to hotel buildings. Fire occurs usually because of negligence of any person who carelesslyusually because of negligence of any person who carelessly throws match sticks, cigarettes end or careless storage /throws match sticks, cigarettes end or careless storage / handling of inflammable material.handling of inflammable material.  Calamities never come with a notice .Calamities never come with a notice .  If there has been no fire for long it means that the time for aIf there has been no fire for long it means that the time for a fire break –out come near.fire break –out come near.  If we prevent fire , the loss we going to suffer on account ofIf we prevent fire , the loss we going to suffer on account of fire that would be our gain.fire that would be our gain.  Prevention is better than cure . So we should pre-plan ourPrevention is better than cure . So we should pre-plan our fire prevention and fire fighting programfire prevention and fire fighting program
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  • 29. Raghunath Patil Position of holding fire hosePosition of holding fire hose
  • 30. Raghunath Patil Pressure from fire hydrant hosePressure from fire hydrant hose
  • 31. Raghunath Patil Creating FireCreating Fire
  • 32. Raghunath Patil Blanketing ( covering ) the fire cutting off O2Blanketing ( covering ) the fire cutting off O2
  • 33. Raghunath Patil Hose not holded properly and is the resultHose not holded properly and is the result
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  • 36. Raghunath Patil Extinguishing fire with extingusherExtinguishing fire with extingusher
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