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Artificial intelligence, watson and the final checkmate
 

Artificial intelligence, watson and the final checkmate

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Artificial Intelligence (AI) is a field of research that is both fascinating and mysterious, influenced by science fiction to such extent that many of us find it impossible to differentiate what is ...

Artificial Intelligence (AI) is a field of research that is both fascinating and mysterious, influenced by science fiction to such extent that many of us find it impossible to differentiate what is real and what is the fruit of the imagination of Hollywood writers and directors.

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    Artificial intelligence, watson and the final checkmate Artificial intelligence, watson and the final checkmate Document Transcript

    • Artificial  Intelligence,  Watson  and  the  final  checkmate  The  joining  of  genetics  to  bits,  the  essential  merger  March  03,  2011,  11:14  AM    By  Ricardo  Murer  B.S.  in  Computer  Science  (USP)  and  Masters  Degree  in  Communications  (USP).  Specialist  in  digital  strategy  and  new  technologies.  Follow@rdmurer  Artificial  Intelligence  (AI)  is  a  field  of  research  that  is  both  fascinating  and  mysterious,  influenced  by  science  fiction  to  such  extent  that  many  of  us  find  it  impossible  to  differentiate  what  is  real  and  what  is  the  fruit  of  the  imagination  of  Hollywood  writers  and  directors.    The  subject  recently  returned  to  the  media  when  IBMs  computer  "Watson”,  a  "Deep  Question  &Answer"  (DeepQA)  machine,  participated  in  the  American  TV  show  Jeopardy!,  beating  two  of  its  human  competitors.  The  show  is  exquisite  by  submitting  the  answers  to  participants  who  must  then  find  the  corresponding  question.    Watson  is  in  fact  a  combination  of  90  servers,  16  Terabytes  of  memory,  and  a  processing  capacity  of  180,000  Gigabytes  per  second!  The  most  beautiful  and  purest  parallel  brute  force  of  computing  today.  This  is  not  the  first  time  that  a  "deep"  beats  a  human  being  in  a  competition.  In  1997,  "Deep  Blue"  (you  must  remember),  an  IBM  chess  computer,  beat  the  then  champion  Garry  Kasparov.  Are  we  experiencing  the  onset  of  our  decline,  our  defeat  to  machines  smarter  than  we  are?  Fortunately,  not  yet.  In  both  cases,  we  are  referring  to  specialized  machines,  computers  able  to  perform  efficiently,  probabilistically  and  extremely  rapidly,  in  the  analysis  and  weighing  of  millions  of  possibilities,  and  through  a  combination  of  algorithms,  make  the  least  unfavorable  decision.    While  then  scientists  had  initially  intended  to  reproduce  the  laws  of  thought  and  create  a  machine  that  emulated  the  human  being,  the  approach  today  is  different.  That  is  because  the  objective  of  creating  a  machine  that  has  the  capacity  to  learn,  contemplate,  think  and  rationalize  has  proven  to  be  well  beyond  our  capacity.    The  complexity  of  such  a  task  stems  from  the  fact  that  intelligence  cannot  be  defined  and  understood  solely  by  one  field  of  knowledge  but  by  the  sum  of  all  fields  such  as  biology,  philosophy,  psychology  and  mathematics.  Among  the  new  approaches,  connectionism  attempts  to  draw  computer  processes  close  to  the  human  brain  through  "neural  networks",  while  the  symbolism  is  behind  specialist  systems.    AI  today  has  concentrated  many  of  its  efforts  into  simulating  human  cognitive  capacities  though  simulation  and  understanding  of  natural  language,  recognition  of  patterns  and  learning.       1  
    • However,  we  are  still  far  from  creating  the  perfect  simulation  of  the  human  brain  and  eventually  something  that  can  be  deemed  the  result  of  intelligence,  even  if  by  something  of  a  rudimentary  intelligence.  Perhaps  it  is  because  the  computer,  the  one  that  counts,  or  the  ordinateur,  the  one  that  sorts  to  order  and  classifies,  remain,  in  spite  all  techno-­‐scientific  advancements,  a  spectacular  calculating  and  counting  machine,  and  nothing  more.    Perhaps  because  genetics  is  yet  to  join  with  bits,  the  essential  merger  able  to  bring  light  to  the  first  thinking  android,  which  will  from  generation  to  generation  create  new  machines  able  to  evolve  from  simple  toolmakers  to  builders  of  complex  societies.  With  the  passing  of  time,  they  will  be  capable  of  simulating  not  just  intelligence,  but  also  other  human  capacities  such  as  aesthetic  feeling,  moral  judgment,  friendship  and  emotions,  converting  what  was  once  artificial  into  natural.  The  final  checkmate.       2