The art of living, Epictetus


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The art of living, Epictetus

  1. 1. <ul><li>The Art Of Living </li></ul>
  2. 2. EPICTETUS <ul><li>Born into slavery about 55CE </li></ul><ul><li>Taught in Rome until 94CE </li></ul><ul><li>Spent the rest of his life in exile in Nicopolis </li></ul><ul><li>Died in A.D. 135 </li></ul>
  3. 3. Sharon Lebell <ul><li>Philosophical writer </li></ul><ul><li>Performing musician-hammered dulcimer </li></ul><ul><li>a harried mother of four children and two step-children </li></ul><ul><li>Lives in Northern California </li></ul>
  4. 4. The spirit of Epictetus <ul><li>How do I live a happy ,fulfilling life? </li></ul><ul><li>How can I be a good person? </li></ul><ul><li>Why be good? </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>Happiness and personal fulfillment are the natural consequences of doing the right thing </li></ul><ul><li>Professional achievement, wealth ,power , and fame – incidental and irrelevant to true happiness </li></ul><ul><li>What matters most is what sort of person you are becoming, what sort of life you are living </li></ul>
  6. 6. Prescription for the good life <ul><li>Three main themes </li></ul><ul><li>Mastering your desires </li></ul><ul><li>Performing your duties and </li></ul><ul><li>Learning to think clearly about yourself and your relations within the larger community of humanity </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>Emphasis on moral progress over the seeking of moral perfection </li></ul><ul><li>Philosophical life as a progression of steps that gradually approximates our cherished personal ideals </li></ul><ul><li>Not a matter of following a laundry list of precepts but of bringing our actions and desires into harmony with nature </li></ul><ul><li>Not to perform good deeds to win favor with the gods or the admiration of others, but to achieve inner serenity and thus enduring personal freedom </li></ul>
  8. 9. <ul><li>First, say to yourself what you would be; </li></ul><ul><li>Then do what you have to do. </li></ul>
  9. 10. <ul><li>A Manual for Living </li></ul><ul><li>Essential Teachings on Virtue, Happiness and Tranquility </li></ul>
  10. 11. <ul><li>Happiness and freedom begin with a clear understanding of one principle: Some things are within our control , and some things are not </li></ul><ul><li>If you aim to live by such principles, remember that it won’t be easy : you must give up some things entirely, and postpone others for now. You may well have to forgo wealth and power if you want to assure the attainment of happiness and freedom </li></ul>
  11. 12. Freedom <ul><li>Right or ability to do whatever you please </li></ul>
  12. 13. Freedom <ul><li>Comes from understanding the limits of our own power and the natural limits set in place by divine providence </li></ul><ul><li>By accepting life’s limits and inevitabilities and working with them rather than fighting them, we become free </li></ul><ul><li>If, on the other hand, we succumb to our passing desires for things that aren’t in our control, freedom is lost </li></ul>
  13. 14. A Manual for Living <ul><li>Recognize Appearances for What They Really are </li></ul><ul><li>Desire Demands Its Own Attainment </li></ul><ul><li>See things for What They Are </li></ul><ul><li>Harmonize Your Actions with the Way Life Is </li></ul><ul><li>Events Don’t hurt Us, but Our Views of Them Can </li></ul><ul><li>Focus on your Duty </li></ul><ul><li>Accept Events as They Occur </li></ul>
  14. 15. Essential Teachings on Virtue, Happiness and Tranquility <ul><li>The Soul’s Cry </li></ul><ul><li>The Real Purpose of Philosophy </li></ul><ul><li>The First Step </li></ul><ul><li>Starting Out Is Hard </li></ul><ul><li>Be a Citizen of the World </li></ul><ul><li>The Right Use of Books </li></ul><ul><li>Forgive Over and Over and Over </li></ul><ul><li>Don’t Be Angry at Wrongdoers </li></ul>
  15. 16. WHAT IS MANLINESS? <ul><li>Athletic fame </li></ul><ul><li>Salesmanship </li></ul><ul><li>Material wealth </li></ul><ul><li>Social prominence </li></ul><ul><li>Sexual prowess </li></ul><ul><li>Physical prowess </li></ul>
  16. 17. OR THIS? <ul><li>Self control </li></ul><ul><li>Self discipline </li></ul><ul><li>Responsibility </li></ul><ul><li>Decisiveness </li></ul><ul><li>Courage </li></ul><ul><li>Justice </li></ul><ul><li>Moral fortitude </li></ul><ul><li>Compassion </li></ul><ul><li>Self respect </li></ul>
  17. 18. TOM WOLFE <ul><li>A MAN IN FULL </li></ul>
  18. 19. PHILOSOPHY <ul><li>STOICISM </li></ul>
  19. 20. Stoicism urges us all to be good men and women even-especially-when it is tough to do so. Epictetus teaches that the happy life is the virtuous one. <ul><li>When individuals feel they are surrounded by nothing but corruption, injustice, and irresponsibility and feel that they are victims of the same and can do little about any of it, Stoicism shows a way to salvation, a way to preserve your integrity and peace of mind even when you are working for a corporation run by modern day Nero's (are there any other kind?), or suffering physically and mentally from the stress of modern life and its overwhelming evils. </li></ul>
  20. 21. <ul><li>Epictetus felt that men and women had a duty to something greater than their own personal ideas of what they thought that their duties and commitments might be at any particular moment. Individuals are citizens of a wider community and what they do should lend harmony to the larger community. Their behavior is not determined by trends but by the highest standards. </li></ul>
  21. 22. <ul><li>we should assume responsibility for precisely those things which we can control -- namely, ourselves. </li></ul><ul><li>when you face a challenge, use it to improve yourself; that's what it's for. </li></ul><ul><li>Epictetus counsels heights of detachment -our wives and children are mortal so don't grieve when they die. </li></ul>
  22. 23. THANKS <ul><li>Don’t worry ,Be Happy </li></ul><ul><li>Be Good </li></ul>