Learning styles -DeMeo


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Learning styles -DeMeo

  1. 1. Learning StylesRachele DeMeo, M.A., M.Ed. Copyright © 2008-2010
  2. 2. OutlineIntroductionWhat are Learning Styles?The Auditory Learning Style & StrategiesThe Visual Learning Style & StrategiesThe Kinesthetic Learning Style & StrategiesThe Tactile Learning Style & StrategiesSummary of Learning StylesSelf-Teaching / Self-LearningFinding out your Learning StyleResources Copyright © 2008-2010
  3. 3. Introduction Knowing how any person can learn information is very important in academic success. Many factors are involved when it comes to learning. Each student will have preferences when it comes to the learning environment, to the atmosphere and the way learning is done. Learning Styles is an important aspect to take into consideration when studying or learning. It can help the student retain information. Copyright © 2008-2010
  4. 4. What are learning Styles?There exists four kinds of LearningStyles: Visual, Auditory, Kinesthetic andTactile. Kinesthetic and Tactile Learnersare quite similar. Each person has atleast one Learning Style but often morethan just one. A Learning Style is theway an individual best learns. Using yourLearning Style(s) aids in learning and inknowledge retention. Copyright © 2008-2010
  5. 5. The Auditory Learning StyleAuditory Learners learn best wheninformation is presented auditory in anoral language format. They enjoyparticipating in classroom discussions.They benefit from lectures, audiotapes and other forms of verbalinstruction. Copyright © 2008-2010
  6. 6. Learning Strategies for Auditory Learners Auditory Learners learn best by:• Joining a study group of having a “study- buddy” with whom to exchange verbal communication with.• Repeating information out-loud.• Tape-recording information.• Using Audio tapes (even for “reading” a book).• Restating problems in own words (preferably out-loud). Copyright © 2008-2010• Writing out and then repeating information.
  7. 7. The Visual Learning StyleVisual learners are best taught wheninformation is presented visually and in awritten language format. Seeing an outline ona whiteboard, reading a book, looking atcolors, etc. are all beneficial for VisualLearners to learn. These students enjoytaking class notes, reading from the textbookand can often work alone. Visual Learners dojust that: they can VISUALIZE information toremember it. Copyright © 2008-2010
  8. 8. Learning Strategies for VisualLearners Visual Learners learn best by:• Using highlighter pens, highlighting different kinds of information in contrasting colors.• Taking notes, even in abbreviation.• Making flashcards of vocabulary words and concepts that need to be memorized.• Writing explanations of diagrams, illustrations, pictures, etc.• Before exams taking review notes (sticky notes, flashcards, etc.) to reread. Copyright © 2008-2010
  9. 9. The Kinesthetic Learning StyleKinesthetic Learners are besttaught when involved with hands-on activities. They enjoy physicalactivities, lab experiments and in-class demonstrations.Often drivers who are KinestheticLearners memorize a location byactually driving there. Copyright © 2008-2010
  10. 10. Learning Strategies for Kinesthetic LearnersThe best way for Kinesthetic Learners tomemorize information is to:Take notes during lectures. Sit close toinstructor to avoid distractions.When studying, walk back and forth rereadingclass notes.Make flashcards with symbols on them.Use the computer for research.Listen to Audio tapes while exercising. Copyright © 2008-2010
  11. 11. The Tactile Learning StyleTactile Learners and Kinesthetic Learners areinterchangeably blended because of theirsimilarities.Tactile Learners certainly enjoy hands-onactivities and physical activities. They arehowever more drawn to their senses (ingeneral). They enjoy learning information theycan feel, see, taste, smell and hear. Theymight enjoy learning about new food byactually tasting it, for example. Copyright © 2008-2010
  12. 12. Learning Strategiesfor Tactile Learners Just like Kinesthetic Learners, Tactile Learners should make use of notes, audio tapes, experiments and group discussions. They can also memorize information by using their senses. For instance, if they are learning about certain types of flowers in a Southern Region in France, they might want to go and actually pick lavender, sunflowers, poppies, etc to look and smell the flowers. Any activity they can do using several senses to be stimulated will facilitate memorization. Copyright © 2008-2010
  13. 13. Summaryon Learning Styles Auditory learners remember by talking out loud, like to have things explained orally and may have trouble with written instructions. Auditory learners may talk to themselves when learning something new. Visual learners easily remember visual details and prefer to see what they are learning. They prefer to write down instructions and may have trouble following lectures. Kinesthetic learners prefer activities that allow them to do what they are learning about. Tactile learners like to touch things in order to learn about them and like to move around when talking or listening. Copyright © 2008-2010
  14. 14. Self-Teaching / Self-LearningWhen Students know their Learning Style, itcertainly helps them retain information betterand for a longer period of time. Each studentshould know his / her Learning Style andwhich ways are best for him / her to learn newinformation, retain it and study for tests. Moststudents can know which Learning Stylesthey have (or take a quiz) and can mostcertainly help themselves learn best! Copyright © 2008-2010
  15. 15. Finding out Your Learning Style You might already know your own Learning Style by now. For a free online quiz to help determine your Learning Styles, you may go to the following website: http://homeworktips.about.com/od/homeworkhelp/a/lstyl Copyright © 2008-2010
  16. 16. Simple Learning Styles QuizAsk yourself the following question? What way do I best learn and retain information? Do I enjoy hearing things said (in lectures, songs, speeches, etc)? Do I need to visualize information (whether in writing, color, drawings, etc)? Do I learn through hands-on activities (lab work, projects, taking notes, etc)? Do I prefer to do several things at once (ex: read while standing/walking, hear/see information)? Copyright © 2008-2010
  17. 17. Resources The Four Modalities: www.geocities.com/CollegePark/Union/2106/4mod.html Miller, S,. (2000). Learning Styles Survey ©. Collin, R., (1987). Learning Styles. Four Learning Styles: www.lifehack.org/articles/lifehack/four-learning-styles.html Fleming, G., Learning Style Quiz Visual, Kinesthetic, and Auditory Styles Online Learning Styles Quiz: http://homeworktips.about.com/od/homeworkhelp/a/lstyleqz.htm Copyright © 2008-2010