RED TACTON –DATA TRANSMISSION TECHNOLOGY BHARTI VIDYAPEETHS COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING, GSSIP UNIVERSITY,DELHIChetna Deepalitk.firstname.lastname@example.org email@example.comInstrumentation and control(III YEAR) Instrumentation and control(III YEAR) ABSTRACT : body as a safe, high speed network transmission path. In an age where information is being considered as the blood of this century, the RedTacton takes a different technical very idea of transmitting such data or approach. Instead of relying on information to someone very specific sends electromagnetic waves or light waves to carry these cold waves all around our body. With so data, RedTacton uses weak electric fields on many hackers and other anti-social elements the surface of the body as a transmission spread all around the world, secure data medium. A RedTacton transmitter couples transmission is considered to be a myth these with extremely weak electric fields on the days. With the recent technological surface of the body. The weak electric fields advancements success has been achieved to an pass through the body to a RedTacton extent in tackling the above stated issue. One receiver, where the weak electric fields affect such solution to this issue is the RED the optical properties of an electro-optic TACTON devices which are going to make crystal. The extent to which the optical their mark very soon. And when they are out properties are changed is detected by laser all the problems related to secure, efficient, light which is then converted to an electrical reliable, hi speed data transmission will be signal by a detector circuit. solved. Yes they are going to be solved!! - RedTacton uses the minute electric field emitted on the surface of the human body. The paper here unleashes the various Technically, it is completely distinct from applications that are possible through these wireless and infrared. small devices which can literally rest - A transmission path is formed at the anywhere on the body or any dielectric moment a part of the human body comes in medium for that matter. With a wide range of contact with a RedTacton transceiver. applications starting from personalization, Physically separating ends the contact and conferencing system, security applications and thus ends communication. many more, RED TACTON technology is a - Using RedTacton, communication starts giant leap in the field of HUMAN AREA when terminals carried by the user or NETWORKING. embedded in devices are linked in various combinations according to the users natural, physical movements. 1.INTRODUCTION : - Communication is possible using any body surfaces, such as the hands, fingers, arms, Red Tacton is a new Human Area Networking technology that uses the surface of the human
feet, face, legs or torso. RedTacton works According to NTT this technology - which can through shoes and clothing as well. also be made to works when door handles, switches or turnstiles are touched - allows bi- directional signals to be sent at rates of up to2. BACKGROUND – HUMAN AREA 10 Mbit/s. The strength of the electrostaticNETWORK fields evoked the company puts at but a few hundred mill watts. Prior to the stage planned for 2006 in which the HAN technology is toAt the end of 2002 the Japanese telecomm- be ready for the market, NTT intends tounications group NTT had announced that it conduct a number of field tests this summer,would in which it is inviting companies with an interest in the technology to participate . Japanese company Nippon Telegraph and Telephone Corporation (NTT) claims to have developed the first viable Human Area Network (HAN) device, enabling fast data transfer between devices using the human body as a conduit. NTT reckons this latest RedTacton PC card prototype advance on the wireless Personal Area Network concept - dubbed RedTactondevelop a new data transmission technology - can transmit data over the surface of thethat uses the conductive properties of the skin at up to 2Mbps. Where it differs,human body to exchange information between though, from previous offerings, is that aelectronic devices. With RedTacton the RedTacton-enabled device does not have tocompany has now scarcely two and a half be in direct contact with the skin - onlyyears later presented its first prototype of a within about 20cm.Human Area Network (HAN).The basic principle of the RedTacton concept 3. HOW DOES RED TACTON WORKS ?is the creation of minute electrostatic fieldsthat modulated by a code-giver to carry digital Red Tacton does not rely on electromagneticinformation are capacitively transmitted to or light waves to transmit data.. It makes usehuman skin as a conductor, thence to be of weak electric fields on the surface of thetransmitted upon physical contact. To read out body.. The transmitter sends data by inducingthe data bits NTT makes use of a novel type of fluctuations in the minute electric field on theopto-electrical receiver equipped with a surface of the human body. Data is receivedminiature laser whose light ray is reflected by using a photonic electric field sensor thata crystal. combines an electro-optic crystal and a laser light to detect fluctuations in the minuteAt the receiving end the electrostatic fields electric field. The Red Tacton receiver sensesevoked by the RedTacton sender cause the changes in the weak electric field on theelectrical field in the environment of the surface of the body caused by the transmitter.crystal to change, which in turn induces Red Tacton relies upon the principle that thechanges in the polarization of the reflected optical properties of an electro-optic crystallaser light. These changes in polarization the can vary according to the changes of a weakopto-electrical receiver interprets as data bits, electric field. Red Tacton detects changes inwhich it converts into electrical signals that the optical properties of an electro-opticcan be processed by a PDA, for instance. crystal using a laser and converts the result to an electrical signal in a optical receiver circuit.
terminals carried by the user or embedded inThe naturally occurring electric field induced devices are linked in various combinationson the surface of the human body dissipates according to the users natural, physicalinto the earth. Therefore, this electric field is movements. Communication is possible usingexceptionally faint and unstable. The photonic any body surfaces, such as the hands, fingers,electric field sensor developed by NTT arms, feet, face, legs or torso. RedTactonenables weak electric fields to be measured by works through shoes and clothing as well.detecting changes in the optical properties ofan electro-optic crystal with a laser beam. Using a new super-sensitive photonic electric field sensor, RedTacton can 5 achieve duplex4. Principle of Communication communication over the human body. 1. The RedTacton transmitter induces aA Red Tacton consists of a transceiver and an weak electric field on the surface ofelectro optical sensor crystal which is used for the body.sensing the optical property of the electrical 2. The RedTacton receiver sensesfield on the surface of the body. changes in the weak electric field on the surface of the body caused by the transmitter.RedTacton uses the minute electric field 3. RedTacton relies upon the principle that theemitted on the surface of the human body. optical properties of an electro-optic crystalTechnically, it is completely distinct from can vary according to the changes of a weakwireless and infrared. A transmission path is electric field.formed at the moment a part of the humanbody comes in contact with a RedTacton 4. RedTacton detects changes in the opticaltransceiver. Physically separating ends the properties of an electro-optic crystal using acontact and thus ends communication. Using laser and converts the result to an electricalRedTacton, communication starts when signal in an optical receiver circuit.
5. MECHANISM OF COMMUNICATIONWITH RED TACTONThe electric field induced towards the body by The electric field ES that reaches the receiverthe transmitter‘s signal electrode is isrepresented by E A. The system requires a Es =Ea – ( Eb + Ec ). It couples to the electroground close to the transmitter signal –optic crystals and changes the crystal’selectrode, so electric field EB induced from thebody can follow a return path to the optical properties. This change is detected bytransmitter ground. Moreover, since people the laser light and transformed into a digitalare usually standing on a floor or the ground,electric field EC escapes from body to the data by a detector circuit.ground.
Dataconfiguration at WL CRW CIC PWT IR RTinitiation of E E P P E Ecommunications(Registration ofID profiles, etc)Tasks requiredat time ofeachcommunication E E P E P E(Adjustment ofcontacts andoptical axis)Synchronizationwithuser behavior P P E E P E(Specification ofuser positioning) 6. HOW IS RED TACTON BETTER THAN communication techniques. ANY OTHER WIRELESS TECHNOLOGY ? 6.2 Comparison with other Human 6.1 Comparison of Red Tacton with other Communication Methods Technologies On comparison with other technologies here Red Tacton surpasses other communication we apply electric field photonics which can be techniques in terms of performance and user used for capacity coupling between equipment convenience. and the earth ground. It can communicate This is depicted by a comparison table where through any part of the body whereas in other E stands for excellent and P stands for poor human communication system it utilizes a Here the various communication techniques particular part of body for data transfer. that are compared are – Duplex communication can be established between mobile terminals and also between WL - Wireless LAN mobile terminals and external equipments. CRW - Close Range wireless CIC - Contactless IC Card 6.3 Advantages over Bluetooth and RFID PWT - Passive Wireless ID Tag Here the technology is clearly IR - Infrared Standards advantageous over Bluetooth and RFID in the RT - Red Tacton following factors (1) The Traffic and Network congestionTransfer speed, Simultaneous access and does not occur here and it decreasesInteractive Processing are of excellent with increase in number of users Nature in Red Tacton rather than other joining the network. It highly supports interactive processing.
(2) It greatly reduces the power Red Tacton can utilize a wide range of consumption and cost of transmission materials as a transmission medium , as media under usage. long as the material is conductive and (3) The data transfer rates are very dielectric, which includes water and other impressive and it ranges to maximum liquids, various metals ,certain plastics, of 10 Megabits per second. glass, etc. using ordinary structures , one (4) It turns our body into a swipe card could easily construct a communication which can be applied in security environment at very low cost using Red purposes. Tacton. (5) It can be applied for security purposes in a variety of domains. 3) BROADBAND AND INTERACTIVE : Duple, interactive communication is7. FEATURES OF RED TACTON possible at a maximum speed of 10Mbps.Becausethe transmission path isRed Tacton has three main features .they are on the surface of the body, transmissionas follows : speed does not deteriorate in congested areas where many people are 1) TOUCH : communicating at the same time. Communication is not just confined to the Communication with just a touch or a surface of the body, but can travel step. A communication path can be through the user’s clothing to a Red created with a simple touch, networked Tacton device in a pocket or through process. shoes to communicate with a Red Tacton device embedded in the floor. 2) ANY MEDIA :
RedTacton devices embedded medicine bottles transmit information on the medicines attributes. If the user touches the wrong medicine, an alarm will trigger on the terminal he is carrying. The alarm sounds only if the user actually touches the medicine bottle, reducing false alarms common with passive wireless ID tags, which can trigger simply by proximity. Examples of Similar Applications8. APPLICATIONS OF RED TACTON Alert and contact record at medical, long-term care, and childcare facilities. There are six major applications that are Avoidance of risk at construction sitesdone using Red Tacton (an alarm sounds if special equipment (1) One to One Services is handled by anyone other than (2) Intuitive operations supervisors). (3) Personalization (B) Marketing Applications (Context (4) New Behavior patterns Awareness) (5) Security applications (6) Communication in new domains (1) One to One Services: Enable one-to-one services tailored tothe users situation and tastes. Attributeinformation recorded in the RedTacton deviceis sent to the touched objects. The appropriateservice is provided based on the attributeinformation received by the RedTactonreceiver.(A) Elimination of Human Errors Touch Advertisements and receive Information When a consumer stands in front of an advertising panel, advertising and information matching his or her attributes is automatically displayed. By touching or standing in front of items they are interested in, consumers can get more in-depth information. Examples of Similar Applications Brochures only of products of interest to the visitor can be
downloaded automatically at trade Communication can be kept private using shows. authentication and encryption technologies. Inside a shop, shoppers can view related information on their mobile terminals immediately after touching a product. (2) Intuitive Operation: Natural movements and actions arethe trigger. Theres no "operation" any more.Just intuitive human interaction. RedTactontransceivers embedded in two terminals cancommunicate not only data but also thecontrol or configuration instructions needed tooperate devices. Cable connections areeliminated. The body itself is used as Instantaneous private network via personaltransmission medium. handshake Examples of Similar Applications Group photos taken with digital cameras are instantly transferred to individuals mobile terminal. Diagrams written on white boards during meetings are transferred to individuals mobile terminals on the spot. (3) PersonalizationTouch a printer to print Digital lifestyle can be instantly personalized with just a touch. A pre-Print out where you want just by touching the recorded configuration script can bedesired printer with one hand and a PC or embedded in a mobile terminal with built-digital camera with the other hand to make the in RedTacton transceiver. When anotherlink. Complicated configurations are reduced device with RedTacton capabilities isby downloading device drivers "at first touch". touched, personalization data and configuration scripts can be downloadedExamples of Similar Applications automatically. Display notebook PC screen on (A) Personalization of Mobile Phones projectors with just a touch Transfer songs to portable music players from notebook PCs with just a Just touching a phone makes it your own touch Your own phone number is allocated and(A) Instant private data exchange billing commences Automatic importingBy shaking hands, personal profile data can be of personal address book and call history.exchanged between mobile terminals on the Examples of Similar Applicationsusers. (Electronic exchange of business cards).
this has the potential to create new behavior patterns. The PC is configured to the users specifications simply by touching the mouse. Room temperature and lighting are customized when a switch in the living room is pressed. Connect to network just by putting a laptop on the table(B) Personalization of Automobiles An electrically conductive sheet is embedded in the table. A network connection is initiated simply by placing a lap-top on the table. Using different sheet patterns enables segmentation of the table into subnets. Examples of Similar Applications Walls and partitions can be used as communication media, eliminating construction to install electrical wiring. Just sitting in the seat triggers the car to load Ad hoc networking using conductive all its presets, just the way we like liquid sprays is possibleThe seat position and steering wheel height (A) Wearable:adjust to match the driver just by sitting in thecar. The drivers home is set as the destinationin the car navigation system. The stereo playsthe drivers favorite song.Examples of Similar Applications Touching the TV remote control triggers a filter/search routine according to your personal programming preferences.(4) New Behavior Patterns Wireless headsetVarious conductors and dielectrics can be RedTacton can carry music or video betweenused as RedTacton communication media, and headsets, mobile devices, mobile phones, etc. Users can listen to music from a RedTacton
player simply by putting on a headset orholding a viewer.Examples of Similar Applications Connecting head mounted displays.(5) Security Automatic user authentication and log-inwith just a touch. ID and privileges arerecorded in a mobile RedTacton device. Automatic access log for confidentialCorresponding RedTacton receivers are document managementinstalled at security check points. The systemcan provide authentication and record that A RedTacton receiver in a cabinet wheretouched the device, and when carrying a important documents are stored enablesmobile RedTacton-capable device in ones lock administration and keeps a record ofpocket, ID is verified and the door unlocked who accessed documents at what time.when the user holds the doorknob normally.Secure lock administration is possible by Examples of Similar Applicationscombining personal verification tools such asfingerprint ID or other biometric in the mobile Seat reservation management byterminal. verifying that the right person is in the right seat. Log and verification of the person who touched the terminal. (6) Communication in New Domains User verification unlocking with just a touchExamples of Similar Applications Automated car door lock/unlock just by touching the handle; unlocking a bicycle just by sitting on it. Potential for use as communication As a pass in amusement facilities. method in outer space and under water (A) Confidential Domain Management
7) www.oppapers.com/essays/redtacton/1 66398 8) Wikipedia.(February 2009). Red Tacton [Online]. Available:http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ RedTacton 9) html/www.taipeitimes.com/news/biz/a rchives/2005/03/20/2003247076 10) discuss.itacumens(June 2003). "Basic Overview of Human Area NetworkingTechnology". [Online] Potential for use as communication Available:http://discuss.itacumens.com method with devices inside the human /index.php?topic=12720 body.9. CONCLUSION Red tacton has a wide range of uniquenew functional features and enormouspotential as a human area networkingtechnology. Considering the possibilitiesoffered by this technology, it’s possible that ina few years time, we will be able to downloada ring tone for our mobile phone simply bytouching an advertising panel in the street anddo much more just by the power of touchingthings, thanks to Red Tacton technology.REFERENCES 1) technicalpapers.50webs."RED TACTON".[Online]Available: http://technicalpapers.50webs.com/pdf /redtaction.pdf 2) Scribd (2010). "Human Area NetworksRedTacton".[Online].Availab le: http://www.scribd.com/doc/55240946/ RED-TACTON-REPORT 3) A touch too much[intrabody communications] by Goldstein,H.IEEE spectrum Jan.2006 vol:43, issue:1,pp 24-25, ISSN-0018-9235 4) www.physorg.com/news3153.html 5) www.ntt.co.jp/news/news05e/0502/05 0218.html 6) www.redtacton.com/en/index.html