Re(thinking) Manufacturing Robert D. Cormia Foothill College
A new paradigm
Re => ‘cycling’
Repair and reuse
The Value of Materials Materials Manufacturing Material Reprocessing Product Recycling
How Would Nature Do It?
Not like us!
Systems and cycles
Waste = food
Cradle to Cradle
New Materials Paradigm
Repurpose by design
Learn to re: ‘cycle’
Re- ‘Cycle’ Reduce Reuse Repurpose
http://www.mcdonough.com/cradle_to_cradle.htm Remaking the Way We make Things
Cradle to Cradle
Roundtrip materials use – ‘end-to-end’
Manufactured using a minimum of new (virgin) material
Mandated demanufacturing and recovery of existing material
Waste => Food
Material waste is the driver of more extraction, more energy use, and more pollution to the environment.
Deconstruction and reuse is the ‘natural cycle’ approach.
Story of Stuff
Single Use Batteries Remote controls, toys, flashlights, smoke detectors—these are just some of the products that require batteries in our daily lives. Over three billion dry cell batteries are sold each year in the U.S. Because batteries disposed of in municipal landfills and trash incinerators can disperse significant amounts of heavy metals and other toxic substances into the air and water, battery waste prevention and recycling strategies are essential. http://earth911.com/hazardous/single-use-batteries/
Declining metal / mineral production across the globe
Increasing energy to extract metals from lower grade ore
duraflame stax / Java Log Repurposing – Waste => Food Coffee grinds can be 100% composted Recycled material => post waste Blended with renewable materials Lower carbon – cleaner burning
As Good as Wood? Or Better?
The Green Cycles
Recycling is processing used materials into new products, which results in less waste of potentially useful materials, less consumption of fresh raw materials, less energy usage and less water and air pollution.
Precycling is thinking ahead before you buy. This can reduce the buildup of waste, items to landfills and even can save you money.
Freecycling is giving away items for free instead of throwing them away. A great reusing network can be created.
Upcycling is creating useful items from recycled material. This results in less waste and even can save money through reusing and not having to buy again.
Downcycling is reusing or recycling of a product for an alternative lesser-quality purpose to keep it out of landfills or elsewhere.
E-cycling is the recycling of electronics. E-cycling helps to prevent some e-waste such as lead, mercury, cadmium and other toxins to enter the environment.
Demanufacturing is the disassembly and recycling of obsolete consumer products. The goal is to remove and recycle every component in an appliance. For example, the motherboard and metal parts of a computer are smelted and the metals are recovered. The TV tube in the monitor is recycled and turned into a new TV tube. The computers plastic housing is recovered and turned into new computer housings. The goal of the process is to reuse all of the materials that make up the computer, not throw them away.
Demanufacturing Jobs These are good jobs for hardworking people who are both industrious and diligent, doing precision work which often requires a lot of care!
The Value of These Jobs?
All regions of US
Growing in number
All levels of skill
Open to all walks of life / ‘preparedness’
Reclaiming tools at end of life
Recondition and refurbished
Cost effective replacement parts
Reduce virgin material extraction
APRA Automotive Parts Remanufacturers Association
APRA is a non-profit trade association whose members rebuild/remanufacture automotive and truck related "hard" parts for passenger cars, trucks, off-road, marine, equipment and industrial uses. These parts include, but are not limited to, alternators, armatures, generators, starters, carburetors, clutches, distributors, connecting rods, crankshafts, cylinder blocks, engine assemblies, fuel pumps, brakes, master and wheel brake cylinders, power brakes, starter drives, solenoids, automatic transmissions, regulators, springs, windshield wiper motors and water pumps. http://www.apra.org/
Lead acid batteries
Nickel metal hydride
Lithium ion phosphate
EV battery racks
Modular Building Solutions Almost end of life condition for this building Almost brand new condition for these buildings
LEED Building – Success! We are beginning to make progress on both ‘reuse’ and reduction of virgin material
Recycled CO 2
Waste = Food
Self-assemble, from the ground up
Evolve solutions, don't plan them
Relentlessly adjust to the here & now
Cooperate AND compete, not just one or the other
Diversify to fill every niche
Gather energy & materials efficiently
Optimize the system rather than maximizing components
The whole is greater than the sum of its parts--design for swarm
Use minimal energy & materials "Don’t foul your nest“
Chemical reactions should be in water at normal temperature & pressure