PNPA - a Transformative Approach for Learning and Practicing Nanoengineering Robert D. Cormia Foothill College
Training for Success <ul><li>Workplace effectiveness </li></ul><ul><li>Extensible careers </li></ul><ul><li>Supporting inn...
SRI/Boeing Study <ul><li>What do  technicians do ? </li></ul><ul><li>What do  technicians know ? </li></ul><ul><li>What  d...
Nanotechnician Competencies <ul><li>Measurements </li></ul><ul><li>Fabrication / process </li></ul><ul><li>Modeling / simu...
Nanomaterials Engineering <ul><li>Challenging applications </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Novel properties </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><...
Scenario Based Instruction <ul><li>Industry context </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Energy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Medicine </li>...
Ten Key Nanostructures <ul><li>Thin film and amorphous silicon (PV) – solar energy </li></ul><ul><li>Carbon nanotubes (CNT...
PNPA Rubric <ul><li>Application driven process (A) </li></ul><ul><li>Properties (P) </li></ul><ul><li>Nanostructures (N) <...
PNPA Rubric as a Compass <ul><li>As you work, as you learn, as you read: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>What are the  applications?...
PNPA / 4-D Compass Properties (P) Applications (A) Process (P) Nanostructure (N)
Deeper Learning Outcomes <ul><li>Can PNPA help students learn better? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Understand / consider applicat...
Four Course Nano Program <ul><li>NANO51 – Survey of Nanotechnology (A) </li></ul><ul><li>NANO52 – Nanostructures (N-P, N-P...
PNPA Rubric - Applied <ul><li>In the workplace… </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Think broadly about  devices / applications </li></u...
SETM – Extensible Technicians <ul><li>We don’t train for multidimensional thinking required in a workplace </li></ul><ul><...
SETM / 4-D Technicians Engineering (E) Science (S) Manufacturing (M) Technology (T)
NSF Project 2010-2012 <ul><li>Develop a four course program </li></ul><ul><li>Rewrite curriculum using PNPA </li></ul><ul>...
PNPA – Example Curriculum <ul><li>S elf  A ssembled  M onolayers (SAM) </li></ul><ul><li>Surface  coatings </li></ul><ul><...
 
Biomimicry – PNPA 2.0?
Summary <ul><li>PNPA – nanoengineering method </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Train technicians for  multidimensional work </li></ul...
Acknowledgements <ul><li>George Bodner </li></ul><ul><li>Neha Choksi </li></ul><ul><li>Vivian Dang </li></ul><ul><li>Denis...
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PNPA - a Transformative Approach to Nanoengineering

  1. 1. PNPA - a Transformative Approach for Learning and Practicing Nanoengineering Robert D. Cormia Foothill College
  2. 2. Training for Success <ul><li>Workplace effectiveness </li></ul><ul><li>Extensible careers </li></ul><ul><li>Supporting innovation </li></ul><ul><li>Learning platform </li></ul><ul><li>PNPA - nanomaterials engineering framework </li></ul>Bill Mansfield, a technician at the New Jersey Nanotechnology Center at Bell Labs in Murray Hill, N.J., holds a reflective 8-inch MEMS (micro-electro-mechanical system) disk in a &quot;clean&quot; room of the nanofabrication lab at Bell Labs.
  3. 3. SRI/Boeing Study <ul><li>What do technicians do ? </li></ul><ul><li>What do technicians know ? </li></ul><ul><li>What don’t they know how to do ? </li></ul><ul><li>Need relevant experience </li></ul><ul><li>Solve relevant problems </li></ul>Nanotechnology, Education and Workforce Development - AIAA Technical Conference 2007 Vivian T. Dang, Michael C. Richey, John H. Belk (Boeing) , Robert Cormia (Foothill College), Nora Sabelli (SRI), Sean Stevens, Denise Drane, Tom Mason and …NCLT and Northwestern University
  4. 4. Nanotechnician Competencies <ul><li>Measurements </li></ul><ul><li>Fabrication / process </li></ul><ul><li>Modeling / simulation </li></ul><ul><li>Knowledge of nanoscale </li></ul><ul><li>Work in teams (SETM) </li></ul>Deb Newberry Dakota County Technical College – University of Minnesota
  5. 5. Nanomaterials Engineering <ul><li>Challenging applications </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Novel properties </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Novel structures </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>New processes </li></ul></ul><ul><li>New structure – property relationships </li></ul>http://tam.mech.northwestern.edu/joswald/
  6. 6. Scenario Based Instruction <ul><li>Industry context </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Energy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Medicine </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Information storage </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Biotechnology </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Transportation </li></ul></ul><ul><li>What are the problems? </li></ul><ul><li>What are the materials? </li></ul><ul><li>What are the processes? </li></ul>
  7. 7. Ten Key Nanostructures <ul><li>Thin film and amorphous silicon (PV) – solar energy </li></ul><ul><li>Carbon nanotubes (CNT) / carbon composite materials (aerospace & transportation) </li></ul><ul><li>Surface coatings and SAMs (Self Assembled Monolayers) Sensors and bionanotechnology </li></ul><ul><li>Nitinol (biomedical stents) / electropolished alloys </li></ul><ul><li>Thin film and plasma coatings (polyester film) / high performance glazing </li></ul><ul><li>Particles (coated particles) biomedicine / powder metallurgy (lithium batteries) </li></ul><ul><li>Dendrimers (nanochemistry) – biomedical drug delivery </li></ul><ul><li>Polymers and composites / nanoparticle filler - lightweight automotive and aircraft materials </li></ul><ul><li>Silicon materials Micro Electro Mechanical Systems - (MEMS), Lab-on-a-Chip (LOC), DNA microarrays </li></ul><ul><li>Ceramics and electro ceramics / fuel cells - (stationary / mobile power) </li></ul>
  8. 8. PNPA Rubric <ul><li>Application driven process (A) </li></ul><ul><li>Properties (P) </li></ul><ul><li>Nanostructures (N) </li></ul><ul><li>Fabrication (P) </li></ul><ul><li>Characterization (N-P) </li></ul><ul><li>The ‘Nanoengineering Method’ </li></ul>A Rubric for Post-Secondary Degree Programs in Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
  9. 9. PNPA Rubric as a Compass <ul><li>As you work, as you learn, as you read: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>What are the applications? (A) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What properties are needed? (P) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What are the (nano)structures ? (N) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>How do you fabricate / process it? (P) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Use characterization tools to develop structure property relationships (N-P) </li></ul><ul><li>Fine tune process (P) to fine tune (N-P) </li></ul>
  10. 10. PNPA / 4-D Compass Properties (P) Applications (A) Process (P) Nanostructure (N)
  11. 11. Deeper Learning Outcomes <ul><li>Can PNPA help students learn better? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Understand / consider application needs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Visualize structures / properties together </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ask how a material is made / processed? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Think about methods / tools to characterize </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Use PNPA to ‘connect’ topics in the four-course series – from A to PNPA </li></ul><ul><li>Can PNPA help technicians work better? </li></ul>Augmented Transition Network' (ATN) - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Augmented_transition_network
  12. 12. Four Course Nano Program <ul><li>NANO51 – Survey of Nanotechnology (A) </li></ul><ul><li>NANO52 – Nanostructures (N-P, N-P) </li></ul><ul><li>NANO53 – Nanocharacterization (N-P) </li></ul><ul><li>NANO54 – Nanofabrication (P, N-P) </li></ul><ul><li>Internship – practice PNPA / industry </li></ul>P = Properties N = Structures P = Processing A = Applications N-P = Structure-Properties N-P = Structure-Processing
  13. 13. PNPA Rubric - Applied <ul><li>In the workplace… </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Think broadly about devices / applications </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Visualize structures and their properties </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Understand fabrication / processing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Think about characterization – constantly </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Are structure-properties characterized? </li></ul><ul><li>Can structure-processing be improved? </li></ul><ul><li>Apply PNPA in every ‘working discussion ’ </li></ul>
  14. 14. SETM – Extensible Technicians <ul><li>We don’t train for multidimensional thinking required in a workplace </li></ul><ul><ul><li>S cientific knowledge </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>E ngineering process </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>T echnology know-how </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>M anufacturing competencies </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Technicians need to think from all four corners of SETM – just like PNPA (rubric) </li></ul>
  15. 15. SETM / 4-D Technicians Engineering (E) Science (S) Manufacturing (M) Technology (T)
  16. 16. NSF Project 2010-2012 <ul><li>Develop a four course program </li></ul><ul><li>Rewrite curriculum using PNPA </li></ul><ul><li>Integrate scenario / contextual purpose </li></ul><ul><li>Develop Linked Learning Outcomes (LLO) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A dozen key nanostructures and themes </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Train and test how this affects technicians </li></ul><ul><ul><li>NanoNoteBook® Semantic Wiki course journal </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Employer interviews – did PNPA matter? </li></ul></ul>
  17. 17. PNPA – Example Curriculum <ul><li>S elf A ssembled M onolayers (SAM) </li></ul><ul><li>Surface coatings </li></ul><ul><li>Surface properties </li></ul><ul><li>Derivatized surface structure </li></ul><ul><li>SAMs structure / wetting </li></ul><ul><li>Coating process and XPS characterization </li></ul><ul><li>Correlate spectroscopy with performance </li></ul>Partner – Asemblon http://asemblon.com/
  18. 19. Biomimicry – PNPA 2.0?
  19. 20. Summary <ul><li>PNPA – nanoengineering method </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Train technicians for multidimensional work </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Four course nanoengineering program </li></ul><ul><li>PNPA - LLO with structures and context </li></ul><ul><li>Create a course notebook (Semantic Wiki) </li></ul><ul><li>Test for deep learning / working outcomes </li></ul><ul><li>Develop the ‘ extensible technician ’ SETM </li></ul>
  20. 21. Acknowledgements <ul><li>George Bodner </li></ul><ul><li>Neha Choksi </li></ul><ul><li>Vivian Dang </li></ul><ul><li>Denise Drane </li></ul><ul><li>Mark Hersam </li></ul><ul><li>Gregory Light </li></ul><ul><li>Tom Mason </li></ul><ul><li>Michael Richey </li></ul><ul><li>Nora Sabelli </li></ul><ul><li>Shawn Stevens </li></ul><ul><li>Boeing Corporation </li></ul><ul><li>Evans Analytical Group </li></ul><ul><li>NASA-Ames Res. Center </li></ul><ul><li>NCLT – National Center for Learning Technologies </li></ul><ul><li>Northwestern University </li></ul><ul><li>Purdue University </li></ul><ul><li>SRI International </li></ul><ul><li>Stanford University </li></ul><ul><li>University of Michigan </li></ul>

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