Building the Electron Economy
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Building the Electron Economy

Building the Electron Economy

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Building the Electron Economy Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Building the Electron Economy Earth Week April 21, 2009
  • 2. Three Problems - 2030
    • Peak oil
    • Climate change
    • Energy equity
    We have less than 20 years to solve and address these problems
  • 3. Oil Production – Reserves Data from ‘The Inevitable Peaking of World Oil Production’, Hirsch, 2005
  • 4. Ice Cores – Story of Vostok
  • 5. Vostok Ice Core Data
    • A near perfect correlation between CO 2 , temperature, and sea level
    • For every one ppm CO 2 , sea level rises 1 meter, temp rises .05 C (global)
    • Process takes 100 years to add 1 ppm CO 2 , and reach thermal equilibrium
    This is not just a correlation, this is a complex and dynamic process , with multiple inputs. A biogeochemical thermostat. Touching one input affects all other inputs , and increases in temperature becomes a further feedback and multiplier of these inputs.
  • 6. Earth Out of Balance http://www.giss.nasa.gov/research/news/20050428/
  • 7.  
  • 8. Accelerating Change
    • Heat storms
    • Droughts
    • Storm intensity
    • Fires / duration
    • Ice quakes
    • Methane release
    • Sea ice extent
    • pH of the ocean
    • Pest migration
    • Sea level rise
    Ecosystem degradation, loss of biodiversity, failure of ecosystem services
  • 9. One Solution – One Vision
    • No petroleum in 2030
    • It’s a 12 step program!
    • We made a bad decision
    • And we need a new vision
      • A world not built around petrol
      • A world not built around carbon
  • 10. Vision the Electron Economy
  • 11. A Subsystems Approach
    • Renewable energy
    • Distribution systems
    • Smart energy
    • Energy efficiency
    • LEED / green building
    • Electric vehicles
    • Alternative fuels
    • Batteries / fuel cells
    • Urban planning
    • GHG sequestration
    Smart energy Smart cities Smart citizens Smart policy
  • 12. A New Energy Economy
    • $1 - 2 trillion in solar and wind energy
    • $1 trillion in a new power grid
    • $2.5 trillion in fuel saving cars
      • $1 trillion in new electric motor and battery technology for cars and other appliances
    • Smart energy for the electron economy – a melding of the Internet and ‘the grid’
    • This is a once in a lifetime opportunity!
  • 13. Building a Solar Economy
    • Solar power is a primary , not alternative energy
    • 25% of electricity could be generated by solar in 2025
    • Solar brings true energy independence from carbon
    • It requires a commitment , not just an investment of $s
    • Research in newer thin film technology shows promise
    Our Solar Power Future – The US Photovoltaics Industry Roadmap Through 2030 and beyond – published in 2005 http://www.solarelectricpower.org/
  • 14.  
  • 15. Wind Power – Real Power
  • 16. IntelliGrid™ - Smart Grid http://intelligrid.epri.com/
  • 17. A Real Electric Vehicle http://www.teslamotors.com/
  • 18.  
  • 19. An Apollo Program?
    • We’re building it!
      • Vision
      • Commitment
      • Plan and a process
      • To build and support a team
      • To make our vision a reality
    • We can do this in 20 years!
    http://apolloalliance.org/ Energy Equity – 5 million jobs
  • 20. How Much Electricity? Americans drive 8 billion miles a day using 400 million gallons of gasoline VMT = 8 * 10^9 To convert gasoline (VMT) miles to electric vehicle miles traveled (EVMT) - an electric vehicle mile traveled (EVMT) requires 0.25 – 0.3 KwHrs per mile Multiply 8 * 10^9 miles by 0.3 KwHr per EVMT need ~2.5 billion KwHrs a day Is that a big number? We use ~ 10 billion KwHrs electricity each day What if we were 20 to 25% more efficient with industrial, commercial and residential electricity? We would save 0.25 * ~ 10 * 10^9 KwHrs => ~ 2.5 billion KwHrs saved – each day! What we are wasting in inefficient use of electricity could become the electromotive force (EMF) for a new transportation system