Building the Electron Economy


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Building the Electron Economy

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  • Building the Electron Economy

    1. 1. Building the Electron Economy Earth Week April 21, 2009
    2. 2. Three Problems - 2030 <ul><li>Peak oil </li></ul><ul><li>Climate change </li></ul><ul><li>Energy equity </li></ul>We have less than 20 years to solve and address these problems
    3. 3. Oil Production – Reserves Data from ‘The Inevitable Peaking of World Oil Production’, Hirsch, 2005
    4. 4. Ice Cores – Story of Vostok
    5. 5. Vostok Ice Core Data <ul><li>A near perfect correlation between CO 2 , temperature, and sea level </li></ul><ul><li>For every one ppm CO 2 , sea level rises 1 meter, temp rises .05 C (global) </li></ul><ul><li>Process takes 100 years to add 1 ppm CO 2 , and reach thermal equilibrium </li></ul>This is not just a correlation, this is a complex and dynamic process , with multiple inputs. A biogeochemical thermostat. Touching one input affects all other inputs , and increases in temperature becomes a further feedback and multiplier of these inputs.
    6. 6. Earth Out of Balance
    7. 8. Accelerating Change <ul><li>Heat storms </li></ul><ul><li>Droughts </li></ul><ul><li>Storm intensity </li></ul><ul><li>Fires / duration </li></ul><ul><li>Ice quakes </li></ul><ul><li>Methane release </li></ul><ul><li>Sea ice extent </li></ul><ul><li>pH of the ocean </li></ul><ul><li>Pest migration </li></ul><ul><li>Sea level rise </li></ul>Ecosystem degradation, loss of biodiversity, failure of ecosystem services
    8. 9. One Solution – One Vision <ul><li>No petroleum in 2030 </li></ul><ul><li>It’s a 12 step program! </li></ul><ul><li>We made a bad decision </li></ul><ul><li>And we need a new vision </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A world not built around petrol </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A world not built around carbon </li></ul></ul>
    9. 10. Vision the Electron Economy
    10. 11. A Subsystems Approach <ul><li>Renewable energy </li></ul><ul><li>Distribution systems </li></ul><ul><li>Smart energy </li></ul><ul><li>Energy efficiency </li></ul><ul><li>LEED / green building </li></ul><ul><li>Electric vehicles </li></ul><ul><li>Alternative fuels </li></ul><ul><li>Batteries / fuel cells </li></ul><ul><li>Urban planning </li></ul><ul><li>GHG sequestration </li></ul>Smart energy Smart cities Smart citizens Smart policy
    11. 12. A New Energy Economy <ul><li>$1 - 2 trillion in solar and wind energy </li></ul><ul><li>$1 trillion in a new power grid </li></ul><ul><li>$2.5 trillion in fuel saving cars </li></ul><ul><ul><li>$1 trillion in new electric motor and battery technology for cars and other appliances </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Smart energy for the electron economy – a melding of the Internet and ‘the grid’ </li></ul><ul><li>This is a once in a lifetime opportunity! </li></ul>
    12. 13. Building a Solar Economy <ul><li>Solar power is a primary , not alternative energy </li></ul><ul><li>25% of electricity could be generated by solar in 2025 </li></ul><ul><li>Solar brings true energy independence from carbon </li></ul><ul><li>It requires a commitment , not just an investment of $s </li></ul><ul><li>Research in newer thin film technology shows promise </li></ul>Our Solar Power Future – The US Photovoltaics Industry Roadmap Through 2030 and beyond – published in 2005
    13. 15. Wind Power – Real Power
    14. 16. IntelliGrid™ - Smart Grid
    15. 17. A Real Electric Vehicle
    16. 19. An Apollo Program? <ul><li>We’re building it! </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Vision </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Commitment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Plan and a process </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>To build and support a team </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>To make our vision a reality </li></ul></ul><ul><li>We can do this in 20 years! </li></ul> Energy Equity – 5 million jobs
    17. 20. How Much Electricity? Americans drive 8 billion miles a day using 400 million gallons of gasoline VMT = 8 * 10^9 To convert gasoline (VMT) miles to electric vehicle miles traveled (EVMT) - an electric vehicle mile traveled (EVMT) requires 0.25 – 0.3 KwHrs per mile Multiply 8 * 10^9 miles by 0.3 KwHr per EVMT need ~2.5 billion KwHrs a day Is that a big number? We use ~ 10 billion KwHrs electricity each day What if we were 20 to 25% more efficient with industrial, commercial and residential electricity? We would save 0.25 * ~ 10 * 10^9 KwHrs => ~ 2.5 billion KwHrs saved – each day! What we are wasting in inefficient use of electricity could become the electromotive force (EMF) for a new transportation system