On October 23rd, 2014, we updated our
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A near perfect correlation between CO 2 , temperature, and sea level
For every one ppm CO 2 , sea level rises 1 meter, temp rises .05 C (global)
Process takes 100 years to add 1 ppm CO 2 , and reach thermal equilibrium
This is not just a correlation, this is a complex and dynamic process , with multiple inputs. A biogeochemical thermostat. Touching one input affects all other inputs , and increases in temperature becomes a further feedback and multiplier of these inputs.
Earth Out of Balance http://www.giss.nasa.gov/research/news/20050428/
Fires / duration
Sea ice extent
pH of the ocean
Sea level rise
Ecosystem degradation, loss of biodiversity, failure of ecosystem services
One Solution – One Vision
No petroleum in 2030
It’s a 12 step program!
We made a bad decision
And we need a new vision
A world not built around petrol
A world not built around carbon
Vision the Electron Economy
A Subsystems Approach
LEED / green building
Batteries / fuel cells
Smart energy Smart cities Smart citizens Smart policy
A New Energy Economy
$1 - 2 trillion in solar and wind energy
$1 trillion in a new power grid
$2.5 trillion in fuel saving cars
$1 trillion in new electric motor and battery technology for cars and other appliances
Smart energy for the electron economy – a melding of the Internet and ‘the grid’
This is a once in a lifetime opportunity!
Building a Solar Economy
Solar power is a primary , not alternative energy
25% of electricity could be generated by solar in 2025
Solar brings true energy independence from carbon
It requires a commitment , not just an investment of $s
Research in newer thin film technology shows promise
Our Solar Power Future – The US Photovoltaics Industry Roadmap Through 2030 and beyond – published in 2005 http://www.solarelectricpower.org/
A Real Electric Vehicle http://www.teslamotors.com/
An Apollo Program?
We’re building it!
Plan and a process
To build and support a team
To make our vision a reality
We can do this in 20 years!
http://apolloalliance.org/ Energy Equity – 5 million jobs
How Much Electricity? Americans drive 8 billion miles a day using 400 million gallons of gasoline VMT = 8 * 10^9 To convert gasoline (VMT) miles to electric vehicle miles traveled (EVMT) - an electric vehicle mile traveled (EVMT) requires 0.25 – 0.3 KwHrs per mile Multiply 8 * 10^9 miles by 0.3 KwHr per EVMT need ~2.5 billion KwHrs a day Is that a big number? We use ~ 10 billion KwHrs electricity each day What if we were 20 to 25% more efficient with industrial, commercial and residential electricity? We would save 0.25 * ~ 10 * 10^9 KwHrs => ~ 2.5 billion KwHrs saved – each day! What we are wasting in inefficient use of electricity could become the electromotive force (EMF) for a new transportation system