Sexual Ethics                            Rae, chapter 10Tuesday 4 October 2011
The nature of discussion, even                         Sexual Ethics                   amongst Christians, about sexual   ...
Sexual ethics is the discussion of      ethical issues raised by the variety      of sexual issues both within and      ou...
- a soon to be married couple approach you to talk      about birth control. As Christians are they allowed to      use it...
- a student asks what you                         think about masturbation,                         does the Bible prohibi...
Tuesday 4 October 2011
Biblical teaching on sexual                                relationships      The Bible talks a lot about sexual      rela...
Genesis       2 complimentary accounts of       creation in Gen 1-2. Chapter 1 =       broad overview, 2 = creation of man...
Genesis image, a!er our    Then God said, "Let us make man in our    likeness. And let them have dominion over the fish of ...
Genesis       2 complimentary accounts of       creation in Gen 1-2. Chapter 1 =       broad overview, 2 = creation of man...
- it is quoted in the NT making it      appear this was intended for married      couples      - use of the word leave= ma...
The term “one flesh” emphasises sexual      relations though including a couple having      spiritual and emotional onennes...
Ironically religious prostitution was      often associated with idolatrous      worship in the OT world - Jer      3:6-10...
NT we see monogamy - Jesus     teaches on marriage, Matt     19:1-5, from Gen 1-2 - elders     are husband of one wife, 1 ...
Ruth and levirate marriage      the custom of marriage by a man with his      brothers widow, such marriage required in   ...
OT law      Other parts of the OT law were      designed to protect the model of      Genesis 1-2. Including,      - prohi...
Song of Songs      Rae says this celebrates the beauty of      sex within marriage - the lover and his      bride are desc...
New Testament      1 Thess 4:3 - It is God’s wi! that you      should be sanctified: that you should avoid      sexual immo...
Heb 13:4 - Marriage should be honored      by a!, and the marriage bed kept pure, for      God wi! judge the adulterer and...
- believers are one with Christ, so      they should never be one with anyone      other than their spouse, 1Cor      6:15...
Is Paul simply showing a homophobic      bias in his writings, as the patriarchs      seem anti-women? Was his message    ...
Singleness      In western nations increasing number of      homes are headed by single people -      marriage is seen by ...
29-31 suggests marriage will pass away      with the return of Christ - both      marriage and singleness have the      sa...
Homosexuality      What of the morality of a      homosexual / lesbian / bisexual      relationship?      Should marriage ...
Defining Homosexual      1. A person who sexually prefers to be      with members of the same sex. Rae says      this appli...
The Metropolitan Community Church      MCC are found all over the world and      offer training and resources      supporti...
The Metropolitan Community Church      MCC are found all over the world and      offer training and resources      supporti...
Paul, in the NT, addresses      perversions of homosexuality -      expressing dominance over      someone, temple prostit...
Myths about Homosexuality      All homosexuals are...      1. effeminate      2. Promiscuous - they do have a      relative...
Causes of Homosexuality      No single cause or clear pattern - and      great debate about a genetic link. Rae      sugge...
Biblical response to homosexuality      Lev 18:22, 20:13 prohibit      homosexual sex - this does not get      greater con...
Biblical response to homosexuality      Therefore God gave them over in the sinful desires of      Lev 18:22, 20:13 prohib...
Biblical response to homosexuality      Lev 18:22, 20:13 prohibit      homosexual sex - this does not get      greater con...
This passage has been interpreted in      various ways:      1. It refers to homosexual temple      prostitutes in idolatr...
3. Paul is condemning perversions of      homosexuality and if a relationship is      committed and loving then it is ok -...
Some say it is important to see a      difference between attraction and      action in this. This is paralleled in      ma...
Could this also be part of the cure      for homosexuality? We need to      distinguish between a cure for the      behavi...
Responses to Homosexuality in                             addition to Scripture      Arguing in a secular setting against ...
2. Historical argument - no civilisation has survived the      destruction of the traditional family unit. Homosexuality  ...
3. An argument from Immanuel Kant’s     philosophy, based on reason alone. Kant     formulated his moral duties in terms o...
If this reasoning is applied to homosexuality - what if no one      obeyed the moral rule prohibiting homosexuality?      ...
Same-sex marriage      This is legal in some countries and is      considered the same as heterosexual      marriage. Ther...
Opponents - it is not unfair to      say marriage is man and woman.      In the USA almost all benefits      are available ...
A second argument is made by      opponents: Those in favour of same      sex marriage often talk about it being      deci...
So what of polygamy or incest? Some      people argue for consenting adult-      A secondrelationships made by      childr...
Polyamory is another word used      for polygamy.      An example from the      Netherlands in 2005 is where      Victor d...
Birth control      Is it acceptable at all - and if it is what types      are biblically acceptable?      For Roman Cathol...
Previously we discussed that making it      mandatory for couple to produce children      requires reading into the bible ...
What methods of birth control are      acceptable?      Contraceptives are generally      accepted - these prevent      co...
The birth control pill is more      controversial - it is very commonly      used around the world. It has a      contrace...
Masturbation      Dictionary: the stimulation or      manipulation of ones own      genitals,especia!y to orgasm; sexual s...
The problem for single people (or      married) is the sexual fantasy      which accompanies this act.      Lust is biblic...
Sex change and transgender      Transgender, Rae defines as - “a person      whose gender identity is at variance with     ...
- a child can be born with ambiguous      gender, hermaphroditism, this is a      genetic abnormality and parents then    ...
Premarital sex and abstinence      Sexual immorality = porneia - from      which we get pornography = generally      all f...
Sexual purity and safe sex      Society is full of sexual images and of      messages which are highly sexual in nature   ...
Winning the battle for sexual purity      What can a young person do to      maintain sexual purity?      1. Avoid temptin...
3. Examine, and think clearly about, the      damage pre-marital sex can do to a      relationship - when a couple start h...
The largest                          married dating                         site in the world                             ...
Restoring sexual purity      We might morally agree on what is to be      desired in sexual activity - but what if we     ...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Rae, Moral Choices: Sexual ethics

1,875

Published on

Teaching notes from LTCi Siliguri

Published in: Spiritual, News & Politics
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
1,875
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
58
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Transcript of "Rae, Moral Choices: Sexual ethics"

  1. 1. Sexual Ethics Rae, chapter 10Tuesday 4 October 2011
  2. 2. The nature of discussion, even Sexual Ethics amongst Christians, about sexual issues and ethics is such that some offence might be caused. Please use discretion before reading this material Rae, chapter 10Tuesday 4 October 2011
  3. 3. Sexual ethics is the discussion of ethical issues raised by the variety of sexual issues both within and outside of marriage. Consider what you might say in each of the following situations, - a young person approaches you and talks about being unsure of their sexual orientation, they do not know what to do (or think)Tuesday 4 October 2011
  4. 4. - a soon to be married couple approach you to talk about birth control. As Christians are they allowed to use it, what can they use, do some methods prevent embryo implantation? - a gay couple whom you have befriended ask you to bless their forthcoming marriage at a civil ceremonyTuesday 4 October 2011
  5. 5. - a student asks what you think about masturbation, does the Bible prohibit it? - a couple who will soon be married in church talk to you about sex - they have both been married before and openly admit they are having sex as they are committed to each other and the ceremony is not of great significance to themTuesday 4 October 2011
  6. 6. Tuesday 4 October 2011
  7. 7. Biblical teaching on sexual relationships The Bible talks a lot about sexual relationships! God understands it and has expressed boundaries for it to be expressed within. Key Passages: Genesis 2:18-25, Leviticus 18, Song of Songs, 1 Corinthians 5-7 and some selected passages in the epistles.Tuesday 4 October 2011
  8. 8. Genesis 2 complimentary accounts of creation in Gen 1-2. Chapter 1 = broad overview, 2 = creation of man and woman and their relationship to God. 2:18-25 shows marriage and sexual relations for the first time. Rae says this passage really fits in between 1:26 and 1:28 For a number of reasons Gen 2:24 is believed to be the first institution of marriage:Tuesday 4 October 2011
  9. 9. Genesis image, a!er our Then God said, "Let us make man in our likeness. And let them have dominion over the fish of the sea and 2 complimentary accounts of over the birds of the heavens and1over the livestock and over a" creation in Gen 1-2. Chapter = the earth and over2every creeping man that creeps on the earth." broad overview, = creation of thing and woman and their relationship So God created man in his own image, in the image of God he to God. created him; male and female he created them. 2:18-25 shows marriage and sexual to them, "Be $uitful and And God blessed them. And God said relations for the first time. Rae says multiply and fi" the earth and subdue it and have dominion over this passage really fits in between the fish of the sea and over the birds of the heavens and over 1:26 and 1:28 everyaliving thing reasons Gen 2:24 earth." For number of that moves on the 2:24 Therefore a man sha" leave his father and his mother and is believed to be the first hold fast to his wife, and they sha" become one flesh. institution of marriage:Tuesday 4 October 2011
  10. 10. Genesis 2 complimentary accounts of creation in Gen 1-2. Chapter 1 = broad overview, 2 = creation of man and woman and their relationship to God. 2:18-25 shows marriage and sexual relations for the first time. Rae says this passage really fits in between 1:26 and 1:28 For a number of reasons Gen 2:24 is believed to be the first institution of marriage:Tuesday 4 October 2011
  11. 11. - it is quoted in the NT making it appear this was intended for married couples - use of the word leave= man/woman intimately related, separated from their family to form a new unit - one flesh includes sexual unity (not exclusively) - but sex is limited to marriage throughout scripture Procreation - Gen 1:26 includes sex, leaving, cleaving, one flesh, all of which is in the context of marriage - and that was heterosexual in nature - the nature of the extended family is a cultural and economic issue.Tuesday 4 October 2011
  12. 12. The term “one flesh” emphasises sexual relations though including a couple having spiritual and emotional onenness too - another term was available if the author did not want to emphasise the sexual nature. Ex 20:14 - “You sha! not commit adultery.” - helps to protect the creation ideal for family life - in fact most cultures have something like this in their moral code, protecting the marriage covenant. OT prophets often use the idea of adultery to describe Israels falling away from God, breaking covenant.Tuesday 4 October 2011
  13. 13. Ironically religious prostitution was often associated with idolatrous worship in the OT world - Jer 3:6-10, Hosea 1-3. In spite of the marriage ideal of Gen 1-2 polygamy, and having concubines was practiced in Israel - such marriages also solidified alliances with foreign powers. Rae suggests polygamy might have been allowed to protect women - who would not have worked in OT times, and so needed provision and protection should their husband die.Tuesday 4 October 2011
  14. 14. NT we see monogamy - Jesus teaches on marriage, Matt 19:1-5, from Gen 1-2 - elders are husband of one wife, 1 Tim 3:1-5 What should happen when someone in a culture which practices polygamy comes to Christ? Often a suggestion of taking no further wives is proposed and adopted. In succeeding generations polygamy then gradual is eradicated.Tuesday 4 October 2011
  15. 15. Ruth and levirate marriage the custom of marriage by a man with his brothers widow, such marriage required in Biblical law if the deceased was childless. Deut. 25:5–10. A widow with no surviving children faced problems - no support / no way to carry on the line of the husband (important for a link to property) The book of Ruth shows this principle of levirate marriage in action. Ruth could have married a relative closer than Boaz, but he declined - the son of Ruth and Boaz is Obed, grandfather of King David.Tuesday 4 October 2011
  16. 16. OT law Other parts of the OT law were designed to protect the model of Genesis 1-2. Including, - prohibition of illicit sexual relations - incest, homosexuality, adultery, premarital sex, bestiality are all prohibited - Lev 18-20 suggests these all violate the family structure of Gen 1-2 - Ex 19:6 - Rae suggests these would keep the family intact and preserve Israel from attack as a people under God’s holy law.Tuesday 4 October 2011
  17. 17. Song of Songs Rae says this celebrates the beauty of sex within marriage - the lover and his bride are described in detail. It adds all sorts of details about what might be enjoyed within sex and marriage - food, drink, water, spices etc. 1:1-3:5 shows restraint prior to the marriage - even within an obvious desire for one another. Courtship 1:1-3:5 - marriage & consummation 3:6-5:1 - conflict 5:2-6:3 - reconciliation 6:4-8:14. The book only shows sex within marriage.Tuesday 4 October 2011
  18. 18. New Testament 1 Thess 4:3 - It is God’s wi! that you should be sanctified: that you should avoid sexual immorality; Eph 5:3 - But among you there must not be even a hint of sexual immorality, or of any kind of impurity, or of greed, because these are improper for God’s holy people. 1 Cor 5:9 -I wrote to you in my letter not to associate with sexua!y immoral people Col 3:5 - Put to death, therefore, whatever belongs to your earthly nature: sexual immorality, impurity, lust,Tuesday 4 October 2011
  19. 19. Heb 13:4 - Marriage should be honored by a!, and the marriage bed kept pure, for God wi! judge the adulterer and a! the sexua!y immoral. 1 Cor 5-7 develops these ideas more fully - the Corinthian church seems to be having some problems regarding its view of sex: 3 theological reasons for avoiding sexual immorality, - God will raise the body to immortality at the 2nd coming - 1 Cor 6:14 - the body is important and should be treated wellTuesday 4 October 2011
  20. 20. - believers are one with Christ, so they should never be one with anyone other than their spouse, 1Cor 6:15-17, - the believers body is a temple of HSp, 1Cor 6:19, your testimony for Christ should not be compromised as ultimately it has been purchased for God by Jesus and should be used t honour him. These three ideas give a trinitarian view to a believers relationship with God - and show all aspects of that relationship can be damaged in this area of sexual immorality.Tuesday 4 October 2011
  21. 21. Is Paul simply showing a homophobic bias in his writings, as the patriarchs seem anti-women? Was his message simply a reflection of the culture of the day and something we can reject? Corinth at the time of Paul in fact practiced great sexual diversity - 1 Cor 5-6 - so Paul did not reflect the culture of the day but was running counter to it - against it. His views would seem to be theologically based not culturally.Tuesday 4 October 2011
  22. 22. Singleness In western nations increasing number of homes are headed by single people - marriage is seen by many as no longer a good option. Sex in the Bible is reserved for marriage but still the Bible talks about singleness. 1 Cor 7 - affirms being single, verses 25-35, Rae suggests such commands might be in the light of persecution facing the church at that time (see v26), singleness thus reduces the possibility of vulnerability to persecution through family members.Tuesday 4 October 2011
  23. 23. 29-31 suggests marriage will pass away with the return of Christ - both marriage and singleness have the same eternal value. vv. 32-35 suggests the ability of single people serving the Lord with undivided hearts - an advantage over marriage. The passage suggests marriage or singleness are equally valid - there is nothing wrong in either - your motive for either is to be decided between you and God, but morally neither option is better or worse.Tuesday 4 October 2011
  24. 24. Homosexuality What of the morality of a homosexual / lesbian / bisexual relationship? Should marriage be allowed in such instances? Most cultures - including India - have accepted the legitimacy of such relationships and accept what is done sexually is done in private away from moral scrutiny. Some people argue that it is compatible to be a Christian and a practicing homosexual - they believe this fits in with broad Bible teaching.Tuesday 4 October 2011
  25. 25. Defining Homosexual 1. A person who sexually prefers to be with members of the same sex. Rae says this applies to only 5% of people called homosexual. 1-2% of the population are homosexual in this way. 2. A bisexual person - attracted to either gender. 3. A situational homosexual - having had some homosexual experience but not having a predominant homosexual orientation - the person has a homosexual relationship because needs are met within it not because of gender - or a preteenage exploration of sexuality, possibly up to 30% of all teenagersTuesday 4 October 2011
  26. 26. The Metropolitan Community Church MCC are found all over the world and offer training and resources supporting their views - the Bible is balanced by reason, tradition and experience Rae cites this church as a group of churches who claim to believe historic Christianity and homosexual practice. They interpret biblical texts in a way that affirms committed, loving homosexual relationships. Sodom & Gomorrah Gen 19-20 - not relevant as what happened was gang rape not consensual sex.Tuesday 4 October 2011
  27. 27. The Metropolitan Community Church MCC are found all over the world and offer training and resources supporting their views - the Bible is balanced by reason, tradition and experience Rae cites this church as a group of churches who claim to believe historic Christianity and homosexual practice. They interpret biblical texts in a way that affirms committed, loving homosexual relationships. Sodom & Gomorrah Gen 19-20 - not relevant as what happened was gang rape not consensual sex.Tuesday 4 October 2011
  28. 28. Paul, in the NT, addresses perversions of homosexuality - expressing dominance over someone, temple prostitution. They say that the mutual caring homosexual relationships they practice are not prohibited in the NT. Jesus would not discriminate against someone on the basis of sexuality - it is like being a racist.Tuesday 4 October 2011
  29. 29. Myths about Homosexuality All homosexuals are... 1. effeminate 2. Promiscuous - they do have a relatively high number of partners (lesbians less so) - there are loving, committed relationships 3. Following chose way of life - it may be learned developmentally (not genetic or chosen) - and might be a place they found acceptance without having to “hide” who they are 4. Artistic in nature - homosexuals are found in all professionsTuesday 4 October 2011
  30. 30. Causes of Homosexuality No single cause or clear pattern - and great debate about a genetic link. Rae suggests some developmental factors (primarily for male homosexuals); - an angry / absent father along with close bonding to their mother, esp. if the boy becomes an emotional substitute for the husband - the boy to man progression does not take place with pleasure - their introduction to sexuality - with whom and was it pleasurable? If with a male who enjoyed it then more likely to take homosexual orientation.Tuesday 4 October 2011
  31. 31. Biblical response to homosexuality Lev 18:22, 20:13 prohibit homosexual sex - this does not get greater condemnation than other sexual sins in these two chapters. Rom 1:24-27 - the key NT passage This is part of Paul’s argument about the universality of sin and judgement and the need for justification by faith in Christ’s death on the cross. Paul quotes the natural order being man and woman - this is distorted by sin and everyone has the potential (as with all sin)Tuesday 4 October 2011
  32. 32. Biblical response to homosexuality Therefore God gave them over in the sinful desires of Lev 18:22, 20:13 prohibit their hearts to sexual impurity for the degrading of homosexual sex - this does not get their bodies with one another. They exchanged the greater condemnation than other truth about these two a lie, and worshiped and served sexual sins in God for chapters. created thingsthe key NT passage Rom 1:24-27 - rather than the Creator—who is forever praised. Amen. This is part of Paul’s argument about the universality of God gave them over to shameful Because of this, sin and judgement and the needtheir women exchanged natural sexual lusts. Even for justification by faith in Christ’s death on the cross. the same way the men relations for unnatural ones. In Paul quotes the natural order being with women and also abandoned natural relations man and woman - this is distorted by were inflamed with lust for one another. Men sin and everyone has the potential committed shameful acts with other men, and (as with all sin) received in themselves the due penalty for their error.Tuesday 4 October 2011
  33. 33. Biblical response to homosexuality Lev 18:22, 20:13 prohibit homosexual sex - this does not get greater condemnation than other sexual sins in these two chapters. Rom 1:24-27 - the key NT passage This is part of Paul’s argument about the universality of sin and judgement and the need for justification by faith in Christ’s death on the cross. Paul quotes the natural order being man and woman - this is distorted by sin and everyone has the potential (as with all sin)Tuesday 4 October 2011
  34. 34. This passage has been interpreted in various ways: 1. It refers to homosexual temple prostitutes in idolatrous worship ceremonies - see also Dt 23:17-18 2. Paul is condemning true homosexuals who engage in sexual acts - debate here is about the use of natural as homosexuals claim this is natural for them and it would refer to heterosexuals performing homosexual acts. The question becomes does this apply regardless of your own sexual orientation?Tuesday 4 October 2011
  35. 35. 3. Paul is condemning perversions of homosexuality and if a relationship is committed and loving then it is ok - the same might apply to heterosexuals. 4. Paul is condemning all homosexual behaviour - there is a universal truth in creation order about all sexual relations, “natural relations with women” shows this - Rae suggests this is the only option that does not read something into the passage that is not there.Tuesday 4 October 2011
  36. 36. Some say it is important to see a difference between attraction and action in this. This is paralleled in marriage where being attracted to a person other than your spouse is not sin, acting on it is! Matt 5:27-32 - It is argued that homosexual attraction is not in itself a sin, but when the attraction gives in to lust and sex then it is - thus a Christian homosexual can either practice abstinence or heterosexual sex. Such a stance might give a more accepting position for those struggling with homosexuality.Tuesday 4 October 2011
  37. 37. Could this also be part of the cure for homosexuality? We need to distinguish between a cure for the behaviour and the desire - a cure of being content apart from the behaviour. So an alcoholic has not necessarily lost the desire for alcohol but have learned to be content apart from drinking it. Similarly a homosexual might still be attracted but not acting on that desire. What this does provide is a place for homosexuals who are struggling to try and find some form of grace form God (within church acceptance)Tuesday 4 October 2011
  38. 38. Responses to Homosexuality in addition to Scripture Arguing in a secular setting against homosexuality is hard - and 3 lines have been taken; 1. Public health - there is a statistical link of transmission of AIDS and homosexual activity - there is a strong link here (especially in unprotected homosexual sex or IV drug use) though there is also transmission within the heterosexual community. One might argue this is more about unprotected sex than anything else.Tuesday 4 October 2011
  39. 39. 2. Historical argument - no civilisation has survived the destruction of the traditional family unit. Homosexuality undermines this idea. To ensure society flourishes we should encourage the family and discourage anything that acts against it. (In all probability there are historical exceptions to this, to which the homosexual community might appeal.Tuesday 4 October 2011
  40. 40. 3. An argument from Immanuel Kant’s philosophy, based on reason alone. Kant formulated his moral duties in terms of a “principle of universalizability” - saying if a moral rule can be made a universal rule then, and only then, can it be called a valid moral rule. So telling the truth is such a rule as it is necessary to a functioning society - no truth telling would mean little meaningful communication as you would not know if you were being told the truth and so social relations would be severely damaged. Q: What would happen if no one held to the moral rule in question?Tuesday 4 October 2011
  41. 41. If this reasoning is applied to homosexuality - what if no one obeyed the moral rule prohibiting homosexuality? Procreation would decline unless alternative technologies were developed and used extensively, the existence of the next generation might be at stake. Many do not adhere to, or agree with, Kant’s moral system.Tuesday 4 October 2011
  42. 42. Same-sex marriage This is legal in some countries and is considered the same as heterosexual marriage. There is a significant move in the USA and other countries to legalise this. Arguing for is the idea of fairness - benefits and designation being withheld is unfair. Historically other areas of discrimination have been changed by law - this should be too.Tuesday 4 October 2011
  43. 43. Opponents - it is not unfair to say marriage is man and woman. In the USA almost all benefits are available to all couples regardless of orientation. Thus it has been asked what the agenda is with regard to this issue? Some say it is social and moral validation of their lifestyle - a symbolic affirmation - this is what opponents are trying to stop, the approval of relationships which they think are morally problematic.Tuesday 4 October 2011
  44. 44. A second argument is made by opponents: Those in favour of same sex marriage often talk about it being decided on the grounds of personal autonomy, value based decisions in life are usually free from the judgment of the law, in cases of sexual preference and relationship type this should be the case - it is a decision made by consenting adults.Tuesday 4 October 2011
  45. 45. So what of polygamy or incest? Some people argue for consenting adult- A secondrelationships made by children argument is or for bestiality opponents: Those in favour of same (relationships with animals) - are they permissible ifoften talk about it being sex marriage based on a person’s informed desires? decided on the grounds of personal The question is what else will be autonomy, value based decisions in permitted if same sex marriage is life are usually free from the allowed? judgment of the countries which allow Some European law, in cases of sexual preference and relationship type this same sex marriage also already allow multiple marriages -as monogamy. should be the case it is a decision Law scholars are already speaking of made by consenting adults. the connection of same sex marriage and multiple marriages.Tuesday 4 October 2011
  46. 46. Polyamory is another word used for polygamy. An example from the Netherlands in 2005 is where Victor de Bruijn, who was already married, took another “wife” - though it was not technically a marriage. Both of the women are bisexual and he is straight.Tuesday 4 October 2011
  47. 47. Birth control Is it acceptable at all - and if it is what types are biblically acceptable? For Roman Catholics artificial birth control is not allowed - for all other Christians it is. Most religious believers and culture in general say it is acceptable and desirable. Additionally it seems no division is made between permanent and non-permanent methods of birth control - though wisdom might need to be exercised with regard to the latter. The only biblical example of birth control is coitus interruptus of Onan in Gen 38:9-10.Tuesday 4 October 2011
  48. 48. Previously we discussed that making it mandatory for couple to produce children requires reading into the bible text “be fruitful and multiply” - sex as a unifying action, can in itself, be sufficient. Gen 1:27 “fill the earth” - is it full now? The Bible does not tell us how many children to have. So birth control might be argued to avoid over population, good stewardship, timing of having children. In opposition it is said children are a gift from God - and should not be refused - does this mean you have to have as many children as possible, or that birth control is not allowed?.Tuesday 4 October 2011
  49. 49. What methods of birth control are acceptable? Contraceptives are generally accepted - these prevent conception e.g. condoms What of arbortiofacient methods - these prevent implantation or cause the expulsion of the fetus from the uterus. IUD’s and RU486 come into this category - and if we consider the human status of the fetus both have to be considered unacceptable. The birth control pill is more controversial -Tuesday 4 October 2011
  50. 50. The birth control pill is more controversial - it is very commonly used around the world. It has a contraceptive affect - whereby the sperm is prevented from reaching and fertilising the egg. It is questioned if it has an effect in thickening the lining of the uterus causing an inhospitable environment for implantation of a fertilised egg. Rae suggests that there is no medical consensus at present on whether this second effect takes place.Tuesday 4 October 2011
  51. 51. Masturbation Dictionary: the stimulation or manipulation of ones own genitals,especia!y to orgasm; sexual self- gratification. Rae: An area on which the Bible is almost entirely silent Onan, Gen 38, was guilty of coitus interruptus - not masturbation. This is required for collecting sperm sample for techniques of reproductive technologies. Some couples do it during/post pregnancy, nursing small children, post menopause.Tuesday 4 October 2011
  52. 52. The problem for single people (or married) is the sexual fantasy which accompanies this act. Lust is biblically equated with adultery - Matt 5:27-29 - and so it is what is done with the mind that becomes a major problem here. Is it possible to masturbate without having sinful sexual fantasies? Your answer determines if it is permissible.Tuesday 4 October 2011
  53. 53. Sex change and transgender Transgender, Rae defines as - “a person whose gender identity is at variance with their sex at birth” - ranging from transvestites to transexuals. Another issue that the Bible is silent on - probably as the technology to produce such change was not available and not anticipated in Bible writers times. Some biblical principles might be applied though, - trusting God’s providence with regard to the gender you are born withTuesday 4 October 2011
  54. 54. - a child can be born with ambiguous gender, hermaphroditism, this is a genetic abnormality and parents then choose gender and surgery and hormone therapy are used. (This could be mistaken and so surgery could be allowed to correct this later). However this is different to someone who is unwilling to accept their gender as a given in life. Although the words gender and sex both have the sense ‘the state of being male or female,’ they are typica!y used in slightly different ways: sex tends to refer to biological differences, while gender tends to refer to cultural or social ones.Tuesday 4 October 2011
  55. 55. Premarital sex and abstinence Sexual immorality = porneia - from which we get pornography = generally all forbidden sexual relations. The NT is specific and clear on this issue - Eph 5:3, Col 3:5, 1 Thess 4:3, Heb 13:4 Song of Songs - sex is for marriage - shown in much of the imagery used there. Full sexual enjoyment is reserved for within marriage.Tuesday 4 October 2011
  56. 56. Sexual purity and safe sex Society is full of sexual images and of messages which are highly sexual in nature - to talk in any other way is often greeted with disdain. Safe sex is talked of - the use of condoms is encouraged though failure rates of 15% are recorded and of HIV in up to 33%. Self control - urges can be controlled with regard to sex in the same way as for any other temptation - though the accepted pattern in society is to simply say teenagers will do it, so help them - this seems animalistic in its way of treating young people.Tuesday 4 October 2011
  57. 57. Winning the battle for sexual purity What can a young person do to maintain sexual purity? 1. Avoid tempting situations - 1 Cor 6:18 Flee from sexual immorality, 1 Pet 5:8 resist the devil Make the right choices, be accountable. 2. Realise sex is not the glue in a relationship, it does not hold things together (it is a dessert!) - added to which the media portrays sex in a very different light to reality. Rae says in marriage sex is the 2nd most argued about thing - money is 1st!Tuesday 4 October 2011
  58. 58. 3. Examine, and think clearly about, the damage pre-marital sex can do to a relationship - when a couple start having sex it often dominates at the expense of other aspects of the relationship, ones that are in fact very important and will add to sexual enjoyment later on. Relational harmony and contentment in marriage leads to more enjoyable sex. Sex before marriage leads to guilt, pain and frustration is the relationship fails, loss of direction in the relationship (as sex dominates), and mistrust.Tuesday 4 October 2011
  59. 59. The largest married dating site in the world “When monogamy becomes monotony” 100% confidentialityTuesday 4 October 2011
  60. 60. Restoring sexual purity We might morally agree on what is to be desired in sexual activity - but what if we have previously failed? Rae suggests SoS 4:12-5:1 deals with the idea of a lack of sexual control. Using the metaphor of a spoiled garden he suggests, - accept the problem - restore it to its original beauty - talk to God about it, accept his counsel about how to restore things - accept God’s forgiveness - follow God’s plan for restoration. Gd is good and gracious - he forgives and restoresTuesday 4 October 2011
  1. A particular slide catching your eye?

    Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later.

×