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Life of Christ, section 5: First miracle
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Life of Christ, section 5: First miracle

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Notes from Life Transforming College International Course No. 202: The Life of Christ

Notes from Life Transforming College International Course No. 202: The Life of Christ

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    Life of Christ, section 5: First miracle Life of Christ, section 5: First miracle Presentation Transcript

    • The Ministry of Jesus First miracle Nicodemus At the well
    • It is unclear where the location for some of the events of John 1:19-4:42 take place We know 2:1 starts in Cana (Galilee) - and 4:1 is in Samaria - chapters 1,3 have no location given - the cleansing of the temple is obviously in Jerusalem but this might not be in the correct chronological order. John seems to have a subsection here and it is probably best to simply accept it as such without too much chronological analysis
    • The miracle at Cana The 1st miracle - Jesus is at a wedding where the wine runs out - such an event would have been embarrassing and shameful for the host - drinking wine with meals was common, and often healthier than water - wine was seen as a gift from God Jdg 9:13, Ps 104:15 and although less intoxicating than todays version could still cause drunkenness
    • - Mary was invited too and asked Jesus to help - verse 4 could be taken as a refusal to help or simply a statement that Jesus’ full self revelation is in the future - Jesus was not being disrespectful here saying in effect “what do you want from me?” - he is submitted to God’s timing - and still performs the miracle (out of peoples sight)
    • - it is said that the stone water jars for ritual washing are set here against the wedding banquet which symbolised the messianic age - Jesus is the wine of the new age transcending the old rituals - see also Mark 2:22, new wine in new wineskins - we see the best wine is saved for last - John notes this as a “sign,” something which will recur as the gospel is followed
    • Cleansing the Temple?
    • Cleansing the Temple?
    • Cleansing the Temple?
    • John (2:13ff) places this much earlier than the other gospel writers However it is suggested it could have happened this early Blomberg suggests it is a clearing not cleansing - buying and selling of animals was necessary for sacrifice - John sees the temple as representing the old rituals and sacrificial ways which are about to be replaced,v19 - Ps 69:9 indicates zeal for God - and possible persecution for such
    • Jesus and Nicodemus - Nicodemus is a Pharisee - he has seen the signs and thinks these prove Jesus is sent from heaven - Nicodemus does not look good as Jesus demonstrates his lack of understanding - v3 born again can also be translated “born from above” - v5 then adds born of water and the Spirit - but what does that mean?
    • Jesus and Nicodemus - Nicodemus is a Pharisee - he has seen the signs and thinks these prove Jesus is sent from heaven - Nicodemus does not look good as Jesus demonstrates his lack of understanding - v3 born again can also be translated “born from above” - v5 then adds born of water and the Spirit - but what does that mean? *a ref. to Christian baptism *a ref to John’s baptism as a sign of repentance *as a ref to spiritual and physical birth *as a ref to spiritual cleansing as seen in Ezek 36:25-27 which would be seen in Messianic times - this is seen as a sovereign act of God - as seen in the unpredictable activity of the wind pneuma = wind or S/spirit
    • Jesus and Nicodemus - Nicodemus is a Pharisee - he has seen the signs and thinks these prove Jesus is sent from heaven - Nicodemus does not look good as Jesus demonstrates his lack of understanding - v3 born again can also be translated “born from above” - v5 then adds born of water and the Spirit - but what does that mean? *a ref. to Christian baptism *a ref to John’s baptism as a sign of repentance *as a ref to spiritual and physical birth *as a ref to spiritual cleansing as seen in Ezek 36:25-27 which would be seen in Messianic times - this is seen as a sovereign act of God - as seen in the unpredictable activity of the wind pneuma = wind or S/spirit v16 is well known - the remaining verses less so For God so loved the world that he gave his one and only Son, that whoever believes in him shall not perish but have eternal life.17 For God did not send his Son into the world to condemn the world, but to save the world through him. 18 Whoever believes in him is not condemned, but whoever does not believe stands condemned already because they have not believed in the name of God’s one and only Son. 19 This is the verdict: light has come into the world, but people loved darkness instead of light because their deeds were evil.20 Everyone who does evil hates the light, and will not come into the light for fear that their deeds will be exposed. 21 But whoever lives by the truth comes into the light, so that it may be seen plainly that what they have done has been done in the sight of God.
    • Jesus and the woman at the well
    • Jesus and the woman at the well
    • Jesus and the woman at the well
    • - Jesus again talks to someone outside his group, but this conversation is very different to the one with Nicodemus - powerful, male, Jew, pious, well off: powerless, female, Samaritan, poor, outcast due to marital history - she (is unnamed) responds positively and brings others to Jesus - 3 social / cultural barriers *gender *religious / ethnic background *should not associate with people who are sexually immoral
    • - in seeing the boundaries broken down the story indicates who not necessarily how to evangelise - Jesus changes the subject to spiritual matters (flowing water) which the woman wants and then Jesus starts to address her marriage, calling her to repent - the well is that of Jacob and some suggest a comparison being drawn between the two systems (old and new) - Jesus deals with the issue of where to worship (which was an ongoing debate) by changing the locale to make it personal “in spirit and truth”
    • - Jesus declares himself the Messiah (25-26) - why was he so clear? Some say it was because Samaritans expected Messiah to be less nationalistic / military and more converter or redeemer, so words were less likely to be misinterpreted - the conversation concludes with a debrief for the disciples “fields ripe for harvest”, belief of the local people Ebal and Gerizim Dt 11:22ff, 27:1ff, Josh 8:30-35 Just over 1 mile between the mounts
    • The section in John’s gospel ends with Jesus back in Cana and the second sign - healing of an officials son - this is part of another section of Galilean ministry but is placed here by John as a bookend of John 2-4 which Blomberg entitles “The newness of Jesus’ ministry”.
    • The sun has gone to bed and so must I ...but I shall be back