Chafer, Bible Doctrines: The Church - body bride of Christ

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Chafer, Bible Doctrines: The Church - body bride of Christ

  1. 1. The Church: The Body and Bride of Christ and her Reward Chafer, chapter 40Friday 9 September 2011
  2. 2. A. The 7 figures of Christ and his church 1. Christ the shepherd and believers the sheep - seen especially in Ps 23, and also Jn 10 a. Christ came by the door - i.e. the line of David b. Christ is the true shepherd, followed by the sheep c. Christ is also the door for the sheep - entrance into salvation and security for the sheep - Jn 10:28-29 d. Life and food for he sheep are provided by the shepherd - Ps 23:1Friday 9 September 2011
  3. 3. e. In contrast other shepherds are hired hands who would not give themselves for the sheep f. There is fellowship of sheep and shepherd - the Son knows the Father, so the sheep know the shepherd g. In the present age there is one fold with Jew and Gentile both in it together having salvation - Jn 10:16 h. Christ, the shepherd, intercedes for the sheep - Heb 7:25,Friday 9 September 2011
  4. 4. 2. Christ is the true vine and believers are the branches - Jn 15 Indicating union and communion with Christ. We are told to abide in unbroken fellowship, Jn 15:10 - leading to pruning and cleansing, Jn 15:2 - effectual prayer Jn 15:7 - celestial joy Jn 15:11 - and eternal truth Jn 15:16Friday 9 September 2011
  5. 5. 3. Christ is the cornerstone and the church the stones of the building The church is a temple - Eph 2:21 God is building his church - Matt 16:18 Each living stone partakes of the divine nature - 1 Pet 2:5 Christ is the chief cornerstone and foundation - 1 Cor 3:11 The building is a dwelling for God - Eph 2:20 There is great dependence on Christ and one anotherFriday 9 September 2011
  6. 6. 3. Christ is the cornerstone and the church the stones of the Consequently, you are no longer building foreigners and strangers, but fellow The church is a temple - Eph citizens with God’s people and also 2:21 members of his household, built on God is building his church - Matt the foundation of the apostles and 16:18 prophets, with Christ Jesus himself as Each living stone partakes of the the chief cornerstone. In him the divine building - 1 Pet together and nature is joined 2:5 whole Christ is the chief cornerstonethe rises to become a holy temple in and foundation him Cortoo are being Lord. And in - 1 you 3:11 The building to a dwelling dwelling in built together is become a for God - EphGod lives by his Spirit. which 2:20 There is great dependence on Christ and one anotherFriday 9 September 2011
  7. 7. 3. Christ is the cornerstone and the church the stones of the building The church is a temple - Eph 2:21 God is building his church - Matt 16:18 Each living stone partakes of the divine nature - 1 Pet 2:5 Christ is the chief cornerstone and foundation - 1 Cor 3:11 The building is a dwelling for God - Eph 2:20 There is great dependence on Christ and one anotherFriday 9 September 2011
  8. 8. In ancient times the cornerstone 3. Christstone at the corner of two was the is the cornerstone and the church the stones of was the walls that united them. It the building visible corner of the foundation of Thebuilding and temple - Eph the church is a the starting point 2:21 future building above the of all foundation. It was the most Matt God is building his church -costly 16:18because of its beauty and stone Each living stone partakes of the strength. It was also the largest, most nature - 1 Pet 2:5 divinesolid and carefully Christ is thestone.cornerstone and constructed chief To cast aside the cornerstone 1 Cor 3:11 foundation - would be to resist any future building a that foundation. The building is ondwelling for God The Cornerstone was the place - Eph 2:20 where is great dependence onand There the building was joined also the place where it rested. Christ and one another http://bibleseo.com/church/jesus-christ-cornerstone-church/Friday 9 September 2011
  9. 9. 4. Christ is the High priest with us as believer- priests - 4 fold service A. Rom 12:1-2 - offers sacrifice of service B. Offers worship in praise and thanksgiving, intercession and prayer - Christ enters through his own blood - Rom 8:26-27, Col 4:12, 1 Tim 2:1, Heb 10:19-22 C. We offer a sacrifice of good works D. We sacrifice our substance as well as our bodies - Heb 13:16Friday 9 September 2011
  10. 10. 5. Christ is the head and the church the body revealing the present purpose of God See later sectionsFriday 9 September 2011
  11. 11. 6. Christ is the last Adam, the church the new creation - the old Adam is replaced by Christ who is the head of a new creatures in Christ In his resurrection Christ established a new order - believers are now in Christ not in Adam, sharing in all that christ has done and achieved. There is a new commemorative day, the first day of the week in contrast to previously being the Sabbath, which is the old order.Friday 9 September 2011
  12. 12. 7. Christ is the bridegroom, the church the bride, which prophetically shows present and future relationships of christ and the church. Israel was in the OT an unfaithful wife - the church is a pure virgin bride, this is the most important image of the church.Friday 9 September 2011
  13. 13. B. The church as the body of Christ The church is joined together and formed into the body of Christ by the baptism of the Holy Spirit - 1 Cor 12:13 - For we were all baptized by one Spirit so as to form one body— whether Jews or Gentiles, slave or free—and we were all given the one Spirit to drink. This reveals 3 things:Friday 9 September 2011
  14. 14. 1. The church is a self developing body - comprised of individuals who have gifts, Eph 4:11-16 Believers are called and exhorted, but also equipped to serve God in various capacities. Eph 4:13 - until we all reach unity in the faith and in the knowledge of the Son of God and become mature, attaining to the whole measure of the fullness of Christ.Friday 9 September 2011
  15. 15. 2. Members are appointed to a specific service in keeping with their gift - We need to examine ourselves soberly and determine our gift so that we serve most effectively - Rom 12:6-8, 1 Cor 12:28 Chafer suggests we should not confuse natural giftedness with spiritual giftedness. He goes on, Spiritual gifts are not sought but given by the HSp - 1 Cor 12:11. In the apostolic age some gifts were sign gifts which did not continue in our present age. Every gift is regulated by the WOG. Believers may be required to do work outside of their obvious gifting, always remembering their main gift. We need to continually present our bodies to God for his direction - Rom 12:1-2Friday 9 September 2011
  16. 16. 3. The body is a living organism united eternally in Christ Consisting of Jews, Gentiles, cultures and races - Eph 1;23, 2:15-16, 4:12-16, 5:30 Previous divisions are ignored and all are equal in the grace of God. Eph 3:6 - This mystery is that through the gospel the Gentiles are heirs together with Israel, members together of one body, and sharers The average Human together in the promise in Christ Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV), Jesus. responsible for AIDS, is about The unity of Eph 4:4-7 is an 0.000031 inches (120 eternal unity. Angstroms) long.Friday 9 September 2011
  17. 17. C. Christ as the bridegroom and the church as the bride This has prophetic significance as the virgin church is eagerly awaiting the coming of her bridegroom - 1 Cor 11:2 JTB mentions Christ as the bridegroom - Jn 3:29 Eph 5:22-23 is the main reference source: The work of Christ 1. In his death - v25 2. Present work - v26 3. Present it without spot, wrinkle etc. v27Friday 9 September 2011
  18. 18. On the cross Christ fulfilled the symbolism of paying a dowry. In this age he is preparing and cleansing his bride for future relationship - before taking her to heaven, where the church will appear perfect. A wedding feast of all saints will follow - Rev 19:7-8 - at the time Christ is coming to earth to start his kingdom. In Christ we see 5 characteristics of diving love:Friday 9 September 2011
  19. 19. 1. God’s eternal love stems from the fact that “God is love” - 1Jn4:8 Love is part of his being - if his love was removed his character would change - Jn 13:1 on the love of Christ - Having loved his own who were in the world, he loved them to the end - literally this is “without end” There is no fluctuation or ceasing with the love of God.Friday 9 September 2011
  20. 20. 2. The love of God is the motivation for his ceaseless activity - This was shown once for all in the sacrifice of Christ - but, in fact this reveals an eternal attitude of God towards men - shown in God creating the universe he made provision for Christ to be slain - and, his compassion for the lost being the same today as it always has Turkmenistan been God’s eternal love is unchanging.Friday 9 September 2011
  21. 21. 3. The love of God has transparent purity - no selfishness, no benefit for himself is ever sought, God needs nothing we can bring - but he needs us to satisfy his infinite love. God calls us beloved - we are made to be loved 4. The love of God has limitless intensity - the most costly thing in the universe is the blood of God’s son - yet God gave it while they were still sinners - and now nothing can separate us form his loveFriday 9 September 2011
  22. 22. 5. The love of God has inexhaustible benevolence (well meaning, kind) - the world has no hope without the love of God! And this love is not passive but active, God acts on behalf of the sinner, taking their condemnation, Jn 15:13, without corrupting his own holiness - God keeps acting on behalf of the sinner placing them in his highest glory. “Saving grace is more than love: it is God’s love set absolutely free and made to triumph over his righteous judgments against the sinner.” God has a perfect hatred for sin - a counterpart to his love - which makes him discipline his children - Rev 3:19, Heb 12:6 In being united with Christ the believer is loved by the father Jn 17:23Friday 9 September 2011
  23. 23. Indirect manifestations of the love of God include: The NT speaks little of human love and makes much of God’s love, and much is made of God’s love not loving God: Poured into out hearts - Rom 5:5 Fruit of HSp - Gal 5:22 Truth born of God will result in loving God - 1 Jn, 1 Cor 13 God’s love - loves the lost world Jn 3:16 - hates evil 1 Jn 2:15-17 - loves the redeemed Jn 13:34-35 - loves Israel Jer 31:3 - loves those who have wandered from him Lk 15:4, 20 - is sacrificial Jn 3:16 Showing and practicing the love of God was commanded by Christ - Jn 13:34-35, Gal 5:13Friday 9 September 2011
  24. 24. D. The bride adorned and rewarded At the judgment seat of Christ the church will be judged and rewarded For sin born again people will not come under judgment, the penalty for this has been borne by Christ - Jn 3:18, 5:24, Rom 5:1, 8:1, Col 2:13, Heb 10:14 etc. For daily life and service an account must be given before God when Christ comes for his own - Rom 14:10, 2 Cor 5:10, 1 Cor 4:5, 2 Tim 4:8Friday 9 September 2011
  25. 25. Salvation will not be judged at this time - it is simply the reward or loss for each believer depending upon service. 3 ideas in scripture show this reward: 1. Stewardship - Rom 14:10-12 You, then, why do you judge your brother or sister? Or why do you treat them with contempt? For we will all stand before God’s judgment seat. It is written: “‘As surely as I live,’ says the Lord, ‘every knee will bow before me; every tongue will acknowledge God.’” So then, each of us will give an account of ourselves to God.Friday 9 September 2011
  26. 26. We do not evaluate the value of a believers works or life, though we can comment on sin. We all have to give account to God - all that we are and have is a gift from God, intellect, physical being, finance etc. - so we are to steward those things and will be asked to give an account of how we used them. 1 Cor 6:19-20 - Do you not know that your bodies are temples of the Holy Spirit, who is in you, whom you have received from God? You are not your own; you were bought at a price. Therefore honor God with your bodies.Friday 9 September 2011
  27. 27. 2. Your life is a building built upon Christ’s foundation - 1 Cor 3:9-15 Note: - this is about believers - as a believer you are building upon the foundation of salvation in Christ, which is not about character in this passage but about your works - your work is of wood hay etc which will be destroyed by fire or of silver, gold etc. which are refined by it - the loss is of reward not of salvationFriday 9 September 2011
  28. 28. For we are co-workers in God’s service; you are God’s field, God’s building. 2. Your life is a has given me, I laid aupon  10 By the grace God building built Christ’sas a wise builder, and someone else is foundation foundation - 1 Cor 3:9-15 building-on it. Butabout believersbuild with care. Note: this is each one should 11 For believer youany foundation other than - as a no one can lay are building upon the the one already laid, which isin Christ, which is foundation of salvation Jesus Christ. 12If anyone builds on this foundation using gold, silver, not about character in this passage but costly stones, wood, hay or straw, 13 their work will about your what it is, because the Day will bring be shown for works - your work is of woodwith fire, and the fire it to light. It will be revealed hay etc which will be destroyed byof each person’s work. 14etc. will test the quality fire or of silver, gold If which are refined by it the builder will what has been built survives, receiveloss is of 15 If it is not of up, the builder - the a reward. reward burned salvation will suffer loss but yet will be saved—even though only as one escaping through the flames.Friday 9 September 2011
  29. 29. 2. Your life is a building built upon Christ’s foundation - 1 Cor 3:9-15 Note: - this is about believers - as a believer you are building upon the foundation of salvation in Christ, which is not about character in this passage but about your works - your work is of wood hay etc which will be destroyed by fire or of silver, gold etc. which are refined by it - the loss is of reward not of salvationFriday 9 September 2011
  30. 30. 3. We run the race to receive the prize revealing the quality of our service - 1 Cor 9:16-17 (especially v24-27) Initially Paul speaks of his own service and his faithfulness as a basis for reward - then speaks of running with great effort to receive the reward. We should exert all our strength to surpass all others - we should be restrained, subjecting our body to discipline so we do not lose out or give half hearted service. Our reward is called - a prize 1 Cor 9:24 - a crown Phil 4:1, Jas 1:12 etc.Friday 9 September 2011
  31. 31. 3. We run the race to receive the prize revealing the quality of our service - 1 Cor 9:16-17 (especially v24-27) Initially Paul speaks of his own service and his faithfulness as a basis for reward - then speaks of running with great effort to receive the reward. We should exert all our strength to surpass all others - we should be restrained, subjecting our body to discipline so we do not lose out or give half hearted service. Our reward is called - a prize 1 Cor 9:24 - a crown Phil 4:1, Jas 1:12 etc.Friday 9 September 2011
  32. 32. We owe God nothing in return for salvation, it is a gift - but a life of devotion should be given to him, and will be rewarded - hence the doctrine of rewards here is the counterpart to the doctrine of grace. Rev 4:10 the twenty-four elders fall down before him who sits on the throne and worship him who lives for ever and ever. They lay their crowns before the throne... - Chafer says this is about us, we cast our crowns before him, so then we have to further ask what is our reward in heaven?Friday 9 September 2011
  33. 33. Rev 22:3 -No longer will there be any curse.The throne of God and of the Lamb will be in the city, and his servants will serve him. Chafer further backs this up referring to Matt 25:14-30 - which might not refer to the church directly but is a principle for them. 2 Cor 5:10-11 -For we must all appear before the judgment seat of Christ, so that each of us may receive what is due us for the things done while in the body, whether good or bad. This is not about sin (we are already justified) or sanctification (we are already in the presence of God) - it is about our works, good or worthless?Friday 9 September 2011
  34. 34. Rev 22:3 -No longer will there be any curse.The throne of God and of the Lamb will be in the city, and his servants will serve him. Chafer further backs this up referring to Matt 25:14-30 - which might not refer to the church directly but is a principle for them. 2 Cor 5:10-11 -For we must all appear before the judgment seat of Christ, so that each of us may receive what is due us for the things done while in the body, whether good or bad. This is not about sin (we are already justified) or sanctification (we are already in the presence of God) - it is about our works, good or worthless?Friday 9 September 2011

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