Chafer, Bible Doctrines: Man & Sin Part 2

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Notes from Chafers book. This is part of Theology I being taught at Life Transforming College International in Siliguri.

Notes from Chafers book. This is part of Theology I being taught at Life Transforming College International in Siliguri.

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  • 1. MAN & SIN PART 2Tuesday 3 May 2011
  • 2. SIN: ITS CHARACTER AND UNIVERSALITYTuesday 3 May 2011
  • 3. IS SIN A PROBLEM?J. Rodman Williams suggests thereare a number of approaches to sin:1. Basically there is no poblem - afew defects but essentially all is fine- we don’t need to believe any darkview of human nature - if we believeit is ok it will be2. Man is on the way up - not yetas good as he should be becauseman is not yet mature - consider hisevolutionary background and this isnot surprisingTuesday 3 May 2011
  • 4. 3. Man is not sufficiently enlightened - ignorance is the problem, he does not yet know enough about what is good for him and society, how to improve it all, dangers of war etc. 4. The problem is man’s suppression of his own individuality and needs - be unencumbered by authority patterns, taboos, representative guilt etc. 5. The problem is negative talk or attitude to life - think, feel, act positively in all situations and we will overcome problems - don’t talk of sin, we are going forwardTuesday 3 May 2011
  • 5. A. HUMAN SPECULATION ON SINSin is a major factor in humanexperience and in the Bible’steaching.The world is not comfortabletalking about sin and oftensuggests it is simply amisconception.Gnosticism and some orientalreligions suggest sin is theopposite of what God is and isrelated to the physical (notspiritual) world.Tuesday 3 May 2011
  • 6. This can lead to ideas of asceticism and denial of the body. Epicureanism advocates indulging the body All this denies sin and what the Bible teaches about it.Tuesday 3 May 2011
  • 7. B. THE BIBLICAL DOCTRINE OF SIN “Sin is any want of conformity to the character of God - in act, disposition or state” Chafer Sin is sin because it is against what God is - for example, Ex 20:3-17 Sin is always against God - Ps 51: 4 A person who sins is unlike God and therefore subject to judgement 4 aspects of the doctrine of sin in the Bible:Tuesday 3 May 2011
  • 8. 1. Personal sin, Rom 3:23, includes every aspect of daily life that fails to conform to the character of God It includes the idea of rebellion and disobedience but essentially includes acts of omission or commission (committing an offence) Man comes short or misses the mark of God’s standard At least 8 OT and 12 NT words for sinTuesday 3 May 2011
  • 9. 2. The sin nature of man is revealed in the Bible - Rom 5:19 Adams sin caused him to become a different being, degenerate and depraved. This was judged by Christ on the cross Rom 6:10 For the death he died he died to sin, once for all, but the life he lives he lives to God.Tuesday 3 May 2011
  • 10. Total depravity - is not that everyman is as bad as he could be but thatthe whole nature of man is corruptedby sin. This includes will (Rom 1:28),intellect (2 Cor 4:4), conscience (1Tim 4:2) and heartEph 2:3 - carrying out the desires ofthe body and the mind, and were bynature children of wrath, like the restof mankind.No child has ever been born sinless -apart from Christ - we all inherit itfrom our parents (Adam) - thus mensin because they have a sinful nature- the only remedy is found in Christ.Tuesday 3 May 2011
  • 11. 3. Sin is presented asreckoned to our account -Rom 5:12-18 - 3 imputationsA. Adam’s sin to us - the basisof original sinB. Imputing the sin of man tochrist - the basis for salvationC. Imputation of therighteousness of God to thosewho believe in Christ - thebasis for the doctrine ofjustification.Tuesday 3 May 2011
  • 12. Imputation is:a. Actual, even though thishappened before God couldrightly declare the sin oursb. Judicial - a legal positionbecause of our own personalsins.On the basis of Rom 5:12Chafer states it is actual -Therefore, just as sin cameinto the world through oneman, and death through sin,and so death spread to allmen because all sinnedTuesday 3 May 2011
  • 13. 4. Legally we are still in sin, sinners!Rom 3:9 - What then? Are we Jewsany better off? No, not at all. For wehave already charged that all, bothJews and Greeks, are under sin,Under sin means there is nothing ofmerit in us that might contributetowards salvationSuch state can only be remedied bythe merit of Jesus Christ.Tuesday 3 May 2011
  • 14. SALVATION FROM THE PENALTY OF SINTuesday 3 May 2011
  • 15. A. THE MEANING OF SALVATIONKnowing about what theBible says of salvation isessential as;1. Personal salvationdepends on it2. It is the one messagecommitted by God to everybeliever to tell the world3. It alone discloses the fullmeasure of God’s loveTuesday 3 May 2011
  • 16. Salvation is its widest sensemeans the work of God inrescuing man from the eternal ruinand doom of sin and bestowingon him the riches of his grace inc.eternal life and eternal glory inheavenSalvation is a work of God not ofmanThe details have differed throughthe ages but those who trust Godhave been spiritually reborn andmade heirs of heaven’s glory.Salvation includes all aspects ofGod’s work in man - regeneration,indwelling, sealing and baptism ofHSp.Tuesday 3 May 2011
  • 17. B. SALVATION AS GOD’S REMEDY FOR SIN1. Sin is always equally sinful nomatter who commits it - thejudgment that goes with it is up toGod to decide - Luke 12:47-482. Sin can only be cured by theshed blood of Jesus - the penalty isonly removed because the paymentfor sin has been made - this was thesame in the old covenant and is stillin Jesus - Lev 4:20, 26, 31 etc. - Col1:14, Eph 1:7Christ’s work on the cross is perfectlysufficient, giving eternal justificationRom 3:24 - the penalty is paid 1 Pet2:24, 3:18Tuesday 3 May 2011
  • 18. C. SALVATION BEFORE AND AFTER THE CROSS1. God’s method before the cross wasatonement, which biblically means “tocover”Bull and goats blood did not take awaysin - Heb 10:4 For it is impossible forthe blood of bulls and goats to takeaway sins.The need for forgiveness wasacknowledged - Lev 1:4 -He shall lay hishand on the head of the burnt offering,and it shall be accepted for him to makeatonement for him.God anticipated the sacrifice of Christ -sins were covered until that time.Tuesday 3 May 2011
  • 19. Atonement of the OT is explainedin the NT,a. Rom 3:25 - God had promisedsufficient sacrificial payment andthen fulfilled it in Christ.whom God put forward as apropitiation by his blood, to bereceived by faith. This was toshow God’s righteousness,because in his divine forbearancehe had passed over former sins.Tuesday 3 May 2011
  • 20. b. Acts 17:30 - God “overlooked”sin - The times of ignorance Godoverlooked, but now hecommands all people everywhereto repent,2. Since the cross God’s methodof dealing with sin is that Christdied - Rom 3:26 - It was to showhis righteousness at the presenttime, so that he might be just andthe justifier of the one who hasfaith in Jesus.The promise is fulfilled, the pricepaid - anyone, regardless of thedegree of guilt of their sin can beforgiven by believing in the workChrist did for them.Tuesday 3 May 2011
  • 21. D. THE THREE SENSE OF SALVATION 1. Past tense - it is seen as totally past and fulfilled for those who believe - Lk 7:50, 1 Cor 1:18, Eph 2:5, 8 2. Present tense - of the present power to save us from the reigning power of sin - Rom 6:14, 8:2, 2 Cor 3:18 etc. 3. Future tense - the believer will yet be saved into full conformity to Christ - Rom 8:29, 13:11 - this does not give reason for doubt as it is built on God’s faithfulness not man’s - Php 1:6Tuesday 3 May 2011
  • 22. E. SALVATION AS THE FINISHED WORK OF CHRIST2 aspects:1. Finished work of Christfor all - which is finishedto infinite perfection2. The saving work ofChrist for the individual -the moment they believe.Tuesday 3 May 2011
  • 23. Jn 19:30 - it is finished - is not hiswhole life, service or suffering -but a special work given by theFather given at the cross andcompleted when he died - thiswas for the whole world Jn 3:16 -providing redemption 1 Tim 2:6 -reconciliation 2 Cor 5:19 -propitiation 1 Jn 2:2 - for everymanChrists dying does not save men- but it gives God ground to saveall men who believe - the blood ofJesus paid the ransom price forevery sinner - Christ became thepropitiation for the whole world.Tuesday 3 May 2011
  • 24. F. SALVATION AS THE SAVING WORK OF GOD The work done the moment one believe includes: Redemption, reconciliation, forgiveness, regeneration, imputation, justification, sanctification, glorification, perfection Consider the truth of the following verses: Col 1:12, Eph 1:3, 6, 2:13, 19, 2 Cor 5:21, Jn 1:12, Phil 3:20, 2 Cor 5;17, Col 2:10, Col 1:13 Guilt and penalty of sin are removed, trespass forgiven justified forever, saved to the uttermost...Tuesday 3 May 2011
  • 25. G. SALVATION AS RELATED TO THE SIN OF THE SAVED1. Forgiveness is accomplished for thesinner as part of salvation - throughbelieving on the work of Christ.2. Sin is forgiven not on the basis ofbelieving for salvation but uponconfession of sin - confession of sinrestores relationship with Father, Sonand HSp.The effect of sin upon God is a veryserious matter - it is only removedthrough the blood of Jesus - Rom 8:34,Heb 9:24 - the blood is effective 1 Jn2:1-2 - the sinner has a permanentadvocate with the Father in case we sinTuesday 3 May 2011
  • 26. H. SALVATION CONDITIONED ON FAITH ALONE115 NT passages refer to the sinnerbelieving and being saved - 35 passagesspeak of faith for salvation. In believing aperson chooses to trust Christ - this is thewhole man not just will or emotions.This is more than an intellectual oremotional stirring - it is believing as an actin which the person wills to receive Christby faith.God alone can save a soul - and he does itthrough the sacrifice of his son. The onlything man can do is to believe, turningfrom self works, to God’s graciousprovision.Tuesday 3 May 2011
  • 27. Note that scripture talks about believe and... Pray Confess sin Confess Christ Be baptised Repent And make restitution But the basis is always believing in Christ - that is what guarantees salvation.Tuesday 3 May 2011
  • 28. The word atonement meaning, passing over, overlooking, covering of sin occurs properly only in the OT - Christ did none of these - Jn 1:29 Takes away the sin of the world... 1 Pet 2:24 - bore our sins in his body... There was nothing temporary or partial at the cross - the infinite holiness of God was satisfied, will man be satisfied to accept the sacrifice and accept Jesus’ payment?Tuesday 3 May 2011
  • 29. Tuesday 3 May 2011