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202, Life of Christ, section 8 Additional Teaching
 

202, Life of Christ, section 8 Additional Teaching

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Notes from Life Transforming College International Course No. 202: The Life of Christ

Notes from Life Transforming College International Course No. 202: The Life of Christ

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    202, Life of Christ, section 8 Additional Teaching 202, Life of Christ, section 8 Additional Teaching Presentation Transcript

    • Section 8 Additional teachings of Jesus in Matthew, Luke and John Friday, 4 October 13
    • In general we have followed the story of Jesus’ life in Mark’s Gospel.This does not always provide the fullest account but is simple in structure. However it does mean that at times we need to add in some extra information from the other Gospels.This is one such section, though we shall not spend much time here as it is not necessarily about the life of Christ but about his teaching and that will be covered in other courses. Friday, 4 October 13
    • This includes: - 2 sections in Matthew, chapters 10 and 18 - the main central section in Luke 9:51-18:34 - the visits of Christ to Jerusalem and controversies therein in John 5-11 Friday, 4 October 13
    • Matthew 10 & 18 Missionary Teaching 9:36-10:42 At some time during his Galilean ministry Jesus started to send out the disciples to replicate his work - they were to teach, preach and heal - the harvest was / is plentiful, workers few 9:35 - teaching on what to do and how to deal with coming persecution Friday, 4 October 13
    • 11 Whatever town or village you enter, search there for some worthy person and stay at their house until you leave. 12 As you enter the home, give it your greeting. 13 If the home is deserving, let your peace rest on it; if it is not, let your peace return to you.14 If anyone will not welcome you or listen to your words, leave that home or town and shake the dust off your feet.15 Truly I tell you, it will be more bearable for Sodom and Gomorrah on the day of judgment than for that town. These twelve Jesus sent out with the following instructions:‘Do not go among the Gentiles or enter any town of the Samaritans. 6 Go rather to the lost sheep of Israel.7 As you go, proclaim this message: “The kingdom of heaven has come near.”8 Heal those who are ill, raise the dead, cleanse those who have leprosy,[a]drive out demons. Freely you have received; freely give. 9 ‘Do not get any gold or silver or copper to take with you in your belts –10 no bag for the journey or extra shirt or sandals or a staff, for the worker is worth his keep. Friday, 4 October 13
    • 11 Whatever town or village you enter, search there for some worthy person and stay at their house until you leave. 12 As you enter the home, give it your greeting. 13 If the home is deserving, let your peace rest on it; if it is not, let your peace return to you.14 If anyone will not welcome you or listen to your words, leave that home or town and shake the dust off your feet.15 Truly I tell you, it will be more bearable for Sodom and Gomorrah on the day of judgment than for that town. Friday, 4 October 13
    • What Jesus taught about going - to the Jews initially (others later 28:18ff) - travel light - depend on peoples hospitality 10:17-42 deals with the future - there will be hostility, it is inevitable - the HSp will enable them - be on guard but do not worry (17,19) - in all of this fear God not man - this will show the need for a response; follow Jesus or reject him Friday, 4 October 13
    • What Jesus taught about going - to the Jews initially (others later 28:18ff) - travel light - depend on peoples hospitality 10:17-42 deals with the future - there will be hostility, it is inevitable - the HSp will enable them - be on guard but do not worry (17,19) - in all of this fear God not man - this will show the need for a response; follow Jesus or reject him It will be worth it all in the end! ‘Anyone who welcomes you welcomes me, and anyone who welcomes me welcomes the one who sent me. 41 Whoever welcomes a prophet as a prophet will receive a prophet’s reward, and whoever welcomes a righteous person as a righteous person will receive a righteous person’s reward. 42 And if anyone gives even a cup of cold water to one of these little ones who is my disciple, truly I tell you, that person will certainly not lose their reward.’ Friday, 4 October 13
    • Humility and Forgiveness Matthew 18:1-35 Following on from the idea of Jesus building his church in this section we find some ideas of its foundational principles Humility 1-14 Forgiveness 15-35 Whilst much could be said on the nature of this teaching once again we shall leave that for other classes Friday, 4 October 13
    • Luke’s central section 9:51-18:14 This is also known as Luke’s travel narrative and is almost exclusively teaching material of Jesus. 9:51 starts as if it is going to be a geo/chronological episode...As the time approached for him to be taken up to heaven, Jesus resolutely set out for Jerusalem. But little else is then mentioned - only 3 indicators 1. 9:52-56 Jesus is rejected in Samaria - does he go to another village or change route along the eastern side of the Jordan? 2. 10:38-42 is with Mary & Martha in Bethany (Jn 11:1) 3. 17:11 he is travelling the border between Galilee and Samaria Friday, 4 October 13
    • Luke’s central section 9:51-18:14 This is also known as Luke’s travel narrative and is almost exclusively teaching material of Jesus. 9:51 starts as if it is going to be a geo/chronological episode...As the time approached for him to be taken up to heaven, Jesus resolutely set out for Jerusalem. But little else is then mentioned - only 3 indicators 1. 9:52-56 Jesus is rejected in Samaria - does he go to another village or change route along the eastern side of the Jordan? 2. 10:38-42 is with Mary & Martha in Bethany (Jn 11:1) 3. 17:11 he is travelling the border between Galilee and Samaria Friday, 4 October 13
    • Much is made of the structure of this section: - is it simply a gathering of the teachings of Jesus as he approached the cross - do we need to read it all as being “in the shadow of the cross”? - is it an extended chiasmus with the pronouncement of 13:31-35 as the climactic centre? Friday, 4 October 13
    • Blomberg suggests the following are the major passages in this section which are unique to Luke (others are found elsewhere in the synoptics) - Ideas about discipleship 9:52-60 - mission of the 70 (72?) 10:1-24 - loving God and our neighbour 10:25-42 - teaching about prayer 11:1-13 - controversy with Pharisees 11:14-54 Friday, 4 October 13
    • Blomberg suggests the following are the major passages in this section which are unique to Luke (others are found elsewhere in the synoptics) - Ideas about discipleship 9:52-60 - mission of the 70 (72?) 10:1-24 - loving God and our neighbour 10:25-42 - teaching about prayer 11:1-13 - controversy with Pharisees 11:14-54 - preparing for the coming judgement 12:1-13:9 - changing expectations about the kog 13:10-14:24 - cost of discipleship 14:25-35 - the joy of repentance 15:1-32 - use and abuse of riches 16:1-32 - teaching about faith 17:1-19 - when and how will the kog appear 17:20-18:8 - the pharisee and the tax collector 18:9-14 Friday, 4 October 13
    • John 5-11 In the gospel of John, only in chapter 6 do we find any detail of Jesus’s Galilean ministry (and thus the overlap with the synoptics) Chapters 5, 7-11 all involve Jesus’ visit’s to Jerusalem Although John tells us of Jesus attending feasts, his primary intention was not chronological but to show Jesus fulfilling Judaism - and in each situation we see him generating a lot of controversy Friday, 4 October 13
    • John 5 is either Passover (spring) or Tabernacles (autumn) - and is relatively early in Jesus ministry 7:1-10:21 is at the time of Tabernacles and is late in the ministry of Jesus 10:22-29 is at the time of Hanukkah (December) during Jesus’ last year Jn 11 has Jesus in Bethany and 12 has him in Jerusalem for the final week of his life Friday, 4 October 13
    • Healing the paralytic on the Sabbath 5:1-47 Jesus as fulfilment of the feast of Tabernacles 7:1-10:21 The feast of Dedication (Hanukkah) 10:22-42 The raising of Lazarus 11:1-54 Friday, 4 October 13
    • Friday, 4 October 13
    • Friday, 4 October 13
    • Friday, 4 October 13
    • 11:20 - Martha rushes out (in her busy fashion, Mary stays at home Mary is portrayed as thinking more and understanding in greater depth who Jesus is (and what he can do) - Jesus cries 11:35 upon arrival and then gets angry 11:38 - the word translated “deeply moved” here is more often used for anger (is the anger also referring to unbelief of the people?) This is arguably the greatest miracle Jesus performs - it is a climactic event that divides Johns gospel. - Jewish tradition said your soul hovered near your body for 3 days after death - Jesus emphasises God’s timing in leaving it 4 days - the result is that God will get the glory 11:4 - in effect this was not God’s design but he will use it - 11:1-16 set the scene - compare with Lk 10:38-42 Friday, 4 October 13
    • 11:20 - Martha rushes out (in her busy fashion, Mary stays at home Mary is portrayed as thinking more and understanding in greater depth who Jesus is (and what he can do) - Jesus cries 11:35 upon arrival and then gets angry 11:38 - the word translated “deeply moved” here is more often used for anger (is the anger also referring to unbelief of the people?) Friday, 4 October 13
    • - verifying 11:25, Jesus calls Lazarus out - the only miracle Jesus prays before - it is for the benefit of the people not for himself 11:41-42 - Caiaphas and the Sanhedrin pronounce it is better for this man to die than live - 11:50 is interpreted by John as referring to the atonement whilst for Caiaphas it is to avert Roman disapproval - Jesus withdraws to Ephraim Friday, 4 October 13
    • Friday, 4 October 13