Trade blocs and global networks lesson 6

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  • Trade blocs and global networks lesson 6

    1. 1. Essay Questions Returned Use mark scheme to peer assess give 3 points for improvement
    2. 2. Trade Blocs http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YDUq0DINhYk&safe=active
    3. 3. Your Task • Get together in your groups and present your trade bloc back to the rest of the group • Include who you are, what you stand for, what is your role, how have you changed over time and why • Use your notes and Ipad for help • Present your work on pages or keynote
    4. 4. Trade Bloc Summary Free trade Taxes wealth Agreements WTO Protect power BRIC’s benefitted barriers Tariffs Tiger • Allow within member states • No , taxes or quotas exist • Countries outside the bloc often have to pay to get products in • These external barriers the members countries • work to reduce trade barriers and create free trade • Trade blocs have become more common as have free trade • The general consensus is free trade is good, but there is an unwillingness to drop • International trade growth have lead to significant shifts in and • Developed nations remain in pole position • economies have developed very quickly • have also gained power and wealth • Many African countries have barely
    5. 5. Trade Bloc Summary • • • • • • • • • • • • Allow free trade within member states No tariffs, taxes or quotas exist Countries outside the bloc often have to pay taxes to get products in These external barriers protect the members countries WTO work to reduce trade barriers and create free trade. Trade blocs have become more common as have free trade agreements The general consensus is free trade is good, but there is an unwillingness to drop barriers International trade growth have lead to significant shifts in wealth and power Developed nations remain in pole position Tiger economies have developed very quickly BRIC’s have also gained power and wealth Many African countries have barely benefitted
    6. 6. Exam Question: You choose and plan your answer 1. Suggest reasons why the membership of trade blocs, such as the EU, has changed over time (10) 2. Using examples, examine how nations are classified into different types of global groupings (15) HOMEWORK: To write the answer you select due next week
    7. 7. Quiz 1. 2. 3. 4. What is a trade bloc? Can you give 3 examples of a trade bloc? Who benefits from trade blocs? Who loses from trade blocs?
    8. 8. Answers 1. An agreement between states, regions or countries to reduce barriers to trade between the participating regions 2. NAFTA (US, Canada, Mexico), EU 3. BRICs, Asian Tigers 4. African countries
    9. 9. Lesson 2: Global Networks Key Question: “Why, as places and societies become more interconnected, do some places show extreme wealth and poverty?”
    10. 10. What are Global Networks?
    11. 11. What do we understand about networks
    12. 12. Or these kind of Networks?
    13. 13. The World At Night
    14. 14. Definitions • CORE – The most developed and highly populated regions, the growth is fed by the migration of labour from LEDC’s • SWITCHED ON PLACES – Nations and areas that are globally connected to other places through production and consumption • WILDERNESS – An area on the planet of relatively untouched by humans and is home to only a few indigenous people e.g. Borneo and Antarctica
    15. 15. A Shrinking World 1700 – 2 yrs to navigate the globe in 3 mast ships 1930’s - 8 days to navigate the globe, propeller aircraft 1990’s – 31 hrs in Concorde
    16. 16. Communications Timeline • 200 AD first sailing ship • 1500 – 1700 Industrial canals and stagecoach routes • 1800 – first steam ship (Crosses Atlantic in 29 days) • 1866 – Telegraph wires laid across the Atlantic • 1900’s – early Ford Motor car company 1903 / first TV 1926 / first commercial flight 1928 • Late 1900’s – first mobile phones – 1980’s / Internet 1989 onwards.
    17. 17. • The growth in telecommunications has aided businesses with instantaneous communication • Broadband has allowed the quick movements of data around the world in seconds • Air Travel pioneer cheap travel for all and movement of large amounts of people quickly • GIS and GPS help to transmit data around the world on locations and pinpoint cargo’s
    18. 18. Mobile Phone Take Up
    19. 19. What Kind of Networks do we Understand?
    20. 20. Design a Network • Given the chance to reposition your cities across the globe or create a network what would you come up with? • Which of these is the best network and why? • Can you design a better one?
    21. 21. Key Terms • Cluster – Geographical concentrations of similar businesses • Cumulative Causation – Wealth becoming concentrated in one area. Globalisation increases this as local people can find markets for their products • Global Hub – A settlement that has a global influence e.g. megacities. • Multiplier Effect – Positive spin offs from an initial investment • Technopole – Cluster of technology lead businesses • Trickle Down – Positive impacts on the peripheral regions e.g. improved infrastructure. • Export Processing Zone – Small industrial area usually on the coast that attracts TNC’s due to tax exemptions or over incentives
    22. 22. What Makes a Global Hub Natural Resources • Strategic Location that encourages investment • Oil Resources • Physical factors that aid growth such as minerals or relief • Coastline ideal for trade Human Resources • Large Labour force • Affluence attracts service providers • Universities • Languages spoken
    23. 23. Middle Income Countries • In rich countries wealth has spread to rural areas whereas countries like Brazil and South Africa still has a large amount of poverty in rural areas. • Globalisation has in these cases exacerbated these poverty’s • Nigeria – elite live in Lagos have huge growth and wealth. Ogoni people of the Niger delta have received nothing from the wealth generated from oil extraction in the region
    24. 24. Switched Off Places • Very poorest nations • Not connected • Sudan, Chad and parts of Burma whether rural or urban • Subsistence farmers rely on OECD and NGO’s for relief • Farmers may grow for TNC’s but low wages creates no spending power
    25. 25. Questions • Page 95 question 1

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