Session2 solar thermal energy development the lebanese experience (nader hajj shehadeh, lcec)


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The Solar Thermal Applications workshop 24 - 25 March, 2009

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Session2 solar thermal energy development the lebanese experience (nader hajj shehadeh, lcec)

  1. 1. Solar Thermal Energy Development:The Lebanese ExperienceOn Behalf of BoT Member,Eng. Nader Hajj ShehadehThe Lebanese Center for Energy Conservation
  2. 2. The Formation of LCECUnited Nations Development Programme LCECPPROJECT NUMBER  000013385 (LEB/99/G31) Lebanon ‐ Cross Sectoral Energy Efficiency and Removal ofTITLE  Barriers to ESCO OperationPROJECT SITE LebanonDURATION 5 yearsAPPROVAL DATE June 2001START DATE April 2002PROJECT TARGET Energy Efficiency & ConservationTYPE OF PROJECT Policy/Operational/ManagementEXECUTING AGENCY  Ministry of Energy & Water (MEW)ADMINISTRATOR AGENCY  United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)PROJECT FUNDING  Global Environment Facility (GEF Ministry of Energy & Water (MEW)  Industrial, Commercial & Residential Energy users, Ministry of Energy PROJECT BENEFICIARIES  and Water, EDL and the Lebanese population at large.
  3. 3. LCEC Main ActivitiesEnergy Efficiency Renewable Energies Capacity BuildingStandards & Labels Awareness Legislation
  4. 4. LCEC Solar Thermal Strategy Schedule Market  Market  survey survey Solar thermal standards process Testing, certification, & labeling Pilot solar projects  Solar donations & programs development  Data collection, monitoring & verification Cap.  Cap.  Cap.  bldg bldg bldg Communication & awareness raising Financial incentives Legislative Reform2006 2007 2008 Dec 2009
  5. 5. 1. Market Survey Study & evaluation of the solar thermal marketMarket Survey Phase 1 (2006) Phase 2 (2008) 33  Fir s m s rm 22  Fi
  6. 6. 2. Solar Thermal StandardsSolar thermal standards process Setting the solar thermal standards Phase 1  (2006) Draft copy issued in collaboration with The Lebanese Solar  Energy Society (LSES) Phase 2  (2007) LIBNOR’s technical committee adopts the standards on a  voluntary basis (EN standards) Phase 3  (2009) LIBNOR adopts the standards on a mandatory basis  awaiting for a decree to be issued by the CoM
  7. 7. 3. Testing, certification , & labelingTesting, certification, & labeling Testing solar equipment & products Testing Facilities Offered through an international (Greek)  donation (year: 2009) Testing & Certification The Industrial Research Institute (IRI) will be in  charge of this task. IRI will perform tests on the products and  produce certificates and labels accordingly.
  8. 8. 3. Testing, certification , & labelingTesting, certification, & labeling Labeling  Focus Group Date: 11th of March 2009 Participants: Solar Energy firms, Academics,  Stakeholders…
  9. 9. 5. Data Collection, Monitoring, & VerificationData collection, monitoring, & verification Collecting data and producing reports Done data logging analysis 1 Site: Marjeioun (2008) Site Description • Marjeioun (Residence) • Residents: 5 (54, 44, 14, 12, 0.6) System Description • Technology: Evacuated Tube (HP) • Capacity: 208 liters • Tubes: 28 (2.8 m2)
  10. 10. 5. Data Collection, Monitoring, & VerificationData collection, monitoring, & verification Collecting data and producing reports Results • Solar Insolation: 1510 kWh/m2 • Ambient Temperature: 18.1 ˚C • HW Consumption: 35 l/day /person • Annual Energy Consumption: 618 kWh/person • Annual Saving: 975 kWh (195$) • Payback period: 5 years
  11. 11. 5. Data Collection, Monitoring, & VerificationData collection, monitoring, & verification Collecting data and producing reports Ongoing data logging  (Individual) 4 Sites: Alma El Cha’b, Bint Jbeil, Hasbaya,  Burj Al‐Molok Ongoing data logging (Collective) 10 Sites: Zahle, Rashaya, Shlifa, Nabi Sheet, Tyr,  Nabatieh, Sultanieh, Bourj Shmali, Jwaya 
  12. 12. 6. Capacity Building Trainings and workshops on Solar EnergyCapacity Building Training on Evacuated Tube SWHs Trainers: ETC China Year: 2006 Training on Building Solar Panels Trainers: Province of Bolzano ‐ Italy Year: 2008 Training the Trainers Trainers: LCEC & Province of Bolzano ‐ Italy Year: 2008
  13. 13. 6. Capacity Building Upcoming Trainings and workshops on Solar EnergyCapacity Building Training on Building Solar Panels Trainers: Don Bosco Technique & LCEC In collaboration with: Italian Cooperation Date:  Q1 2009 Training on PV systems Trainers: Province of Bolzano ‐ Italy In collaboration with: Italian Cooperation Date:  Q2 2009
  14. 14. 7. Communication & awareness raisingCommunication & awareness raising The national solar thermal campaign LCEC has launched a comprehensive awareness  campaign (2006) Campaign in the form of: TV Spots Radio Spots Billboards Prints… Campaign value: $900k
  15. 15. 4. Pilot ProjectSolar donations Pilot projects: • Individual SWH (Phase 1) 2005 • SWH for July War Recovery 2007 • CEDRO Project 2008Pilot projects • Individual SWH(Phase 2) 2009 • Sustainable Energy Programme 2009
  16. 16. Individual SWHs 1 Project Description:Solar donations Donation: 500 Solar water heaters (200 liters) Applications: Evacuated tubes SWHs Date of Donation: Q4 2005 Date of Execution: Q1 2007 Areas Covered: Liberated Areas of the SouthPilot projects Beneficiaries: Selected users (mostly residences) Number of Beneficiaries:  417 Role of LCEC: Technical Agency Notes: LCEC installed data logging systems on 4 units
  17. 17. SWH for July War Recovery Project Description:Solar donations Applications: Individual & Collective SWHs Date of Donation: Q1 2007 Date of Execution: Q1 2008 Areas Covered: South, Bekaa & Beirut Suburb Beneficiaries: Public & nonprofit facilitiesPilot projects Number of Beneficiaries: 104 Role of LCEC: Administrator Special Features: DL for the 10 collective systems
  18. 18. CEDRO Project  Project Description:Solar donations Applications: SWHs, PV, CFLs, Building Envelope Date of Donation: Q4 2007 Date of Execution: Q4 2012 Areas Covered: Allover Lebanon  Beneficiaries: Public buildings + General publicPilot projects Number of Beneficiaries: >250 Role of LCEC: New UNDP project = CEDRO Special Features: Pure pilot projects
  19. 19. Individual SWHs 2  Project Description:Solar donations Donation: 600 Solar water heaters (200 liters) Applications: Evacuated tube SWHs Date of Donation: Q1 2009 Date of Execution: Q4 2009 (expected) Areas Covered: South & AkkarPilot projects Beneficiaries: Mainly nonprofit organizations Number of Beneficiaries: ≈500 Role of LCEC: Technical Agency Notes: 108 of the donated units will be for replacing the  damaged units of Phase 1 (during July war)
  20. 20. Sustainable Energy Programme Project Description:Solar donations Applications: SWHs + Testing facilities Date of Donation: Q1 2009 (expected) Date of Execution: Q4 2010 (expected) Areas Covered: South (pilot village) Beneficiaries: Residences + The MarketPilot projects Number of Beneficiaries: >350 Role of LCEC: Administrator Notes: The program falls under Sustainable Energy Strategy  programme with MoF
  21. 21. Solar Thermal Collection AreaSolar donations 1 2 1,270 m2 1,040 m2 1,944 m2 1,018 MWh 1,013 MWh 1,527 MWhPilot projects 5,670 m2 810 m2 116,000 MWh 764 MWh 10,734 m2 120,322 MWh
  22. 22. Conclusions There is still a Huge Potential for solar  thermal applications in Lebanon  The Lebanese Solar Thermal Market is  developing in an impressive manner.  Suppliers not manufacturers Solar Water Heating applications in  Lebanon have promising results and  show great feasibility
  23. 23. Lessons Learnt
  24. 24. Lessons LearntMore Awareness among costumers is requiredQuality control is highly recommended to prevent market breakdown due to low performance applications Capacity Building and offering the SWH dealers more technical knowledge is a mustHelp & support for local manufacturers should be offeredApplying installers certifications is highly recommended to ensure proper installation After sales maintenance should be part of the contract R&D should be employed A finance mechanism is required to get rid of the financial factor that is highly occurring