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Capacity Building Program “Pricing Renewables: Feed-in Tariff (FiT) Design and Structure for Wind Farms and Solar Plants” - October 23-27, 2011

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  1. 1. Renewable Energy in Libya ( The Future Prospectives ) Sunday - 23th of October 2011 Cairo
  2. 2. Libya - Overview Libya is approx. 1.76 million sq km with 6 million inhabitants. The Libyan electricity transmission system extends from theTunisian border in the west to the Egyptian border in the East,2000 Km length and extends south nearly 900 km. The primary source of Power is Heavy & Light Fuel oil andNatural Gas
  3. 3. Country resource Resource Libya’s resources Libya in comparison Proven oil reserves of 43 billions Largest oil reserves in Oil BOE with significant additional Africa potential Gas reserves of 10 billions BOE Fourth largest natural gas Gas reserves in Africa Average solar radiation of 2,470 One of the highest solar Solar kWh/m2/day radiation in the world High average wind speed at Attractive global location Wind several locations for wind farms
  4. 4. The electricity main key figures Year 2010Peak demand 5,282 MWInstalled capacity 6,196 MWGenerated energy 30,426 MWh220 KV transmission system 13,695 Km Load forecast400 KV transmission system 1,307 Km 10-12% growth/annum
  5. 5. Evolution of Electricity generation (2000-2010)MWh
  6. 6. Electricity generation by fuel type (2010) Heavy fuel oil Natural gas (20%) (38%) Light fuel oil (38%)
  7. 7. Electricity consumption per sector (2010) Others (23%) Residential (36%) Agriculture (13%) Commercial Industrial (14%) (14%)
  8. 8. Existing and planned interconnection
  9. 9. RE Development in LibyaLibya is optimally placed to become a Renewable leader in the region It can capitalize on Africa’s 1 growth and power demand It can leverage its high 2 GDP and education level It can exploit its significant 3 wind and solar potential Even though, Libya has an important potential of It can diversify and make solar and wind energy 4 its economy more resilient but the role of these It can further strengthen its resources in the energy 5 economy by adopting a mix is negligible strategic RES development plan
  10. 10. Solar energy potentialSolar radiation (kWh/m2/day)  Average solar radiation of 2,470 kWh/m2/day  one of the highest solar radiation in the world  Less than 1% of Libyan land mass dedicated to solar could potentially satisfy Europe demand
  11. 11. Wind energy potentialWind speed (m/s)  High average wind speed at several on and off-shore locations (several locations have an average wind speed in the range of 6.5-10.5 m/s)  Attractive global location for wind farms, even at today’s economics
  12. 12. Renewable Energy Authority of Libya Renewable Energy Authority of Libya (REAOL) wasfounded in 2007 to promote the development of renewableenergy in the country. A goal has been set by REAOL to reach 10% of the energysupply from renewable energy resources by the year 2020,to achieve this target, several plans were decided.
  13. 13. Renewable energy plan in Libya (2010-2020) 2020 2015 10% RE Share 1500 MW Wind 6% RE Share 800 MW CSP 750 MW Wind 150 MW PV 2010 300 MW SWH 100 MW CSP 50 MW PV 150 MW SWH
  14. 14. Wind projects within the mid term plan Dernah wind farm Phase 1 - 60 MW (Under construction) Dernah wind farm Phase 2 - 60 MW (Awarded) Al-Maqrun wind farm Phase 1 - 120 MW (Awarded) Al-Maqrun wind farm Phase 2 -120 MW (Under negotiation) Western region wind farm - 250 MW (Under development) Southern region wind farm - 250 MW (Under development)
  15. 15. Solar projects within the mid term plan Large scale PV plant grid connected 15 MW (Awarded) Expanding the use of PV technologies to feed remote areas, 2 MW 500 systems PV roof top systems to supply residential areas Construction of CSP ( Phase I) 100 MW ( Under development )
  16. 16. Main Barrier Subsidized electricity prices There is no legislation for renewable energy