Day2 session 3: Egypt


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End-Use Energy Efficiency: National Plan for Regional Energy Challenge 26 - 27 July, 2010

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Day2 session 3: Egypt

  1. 1. Euro-MediterraneanEnergy Market Integration Project Germany France Lebanon End Use Energy Efficiency: National Plans for Regional Energy Challenges Belgium Presentation of Budget Allocation Charts - Country Germany Tunis, 26th – 27th, July, 2010 Rafik Youssef Georgy BAC Expert – Egypt “The contents of this publication are the sole responsibility of the author and can in no way be taken to reflect the views of the European Union”. This project is funded by the European Union 1
  2. 2.  Country Energy Overview Country Potential EE and RE Technologies Budget Allocation Chart (BAC) Objective Methodology for the BAC Methodology for the BAC RE/EE BAC Output Next Steps This project is funded by the European Union 2
  3. 3.  Overview of the country energy status, including EE/RE share in the country energy sector Primary energy production for fiscal year (July 1, 2008 – June 30, 2009 was 84.195 toe, broken down to 41.47 % from oil, 54.44 % from natural gas, 3,79 % from hydro and only 0.25 % from RE mainly wind (excluding large hydro and based on commercial energy sources only) This project is funded by the European Union 3
  4. 4.  In terms of power generation for the same fiscal year, the installed capacity reached about 23.5 GW including 550 MW from wind equivalent to 2.34 %  In terms of electric energy generated, it reached about 131 TWh, out of which 86.3 % was produced by thermal power plants using conventional fuel (broken down to 78 % from N.G. and 22 % from heavy fuel oil) and 11.9% from hydro.  RE – Wind accounted for 1.8 % energy wise. This project is funded by the European Union 4
  5. 5.  We should indicate that Egypt is considered a net exporter for petroleum products, oil & N.G., but for N.G. mainly and to a greater extent compared to oil. A national strategy for RE utilization was adopted and announced by the Supreme Council of Energy, headed by the Prime Minister, on February 2008, targeting to meet a 20 % of total electricity generation by 2020. This project is funded by the European Union 5
  6. 6.  This RE contribution includes 12 % from wind translated to about 7200 MW of installed capacity, while the rest of 8% will be met through the use of mainly hydro in addition to other renewables. Energy efficiency measures, particularly on the consumption side, has not been given enough consideration in the past. Main reason could be heavy conventional energy subsidies. This project is funded by the European Union 6
  7. 7.  The situation is changing very quickly since the formation of the supreme council of energy in 2007. Subsidies to conventional energy are being decreased faster than before. Very lately an overall EE target was announced of saving 20 % of primary demand by 2022.  However, elaboration of targets along with each sector specific quantifiable goals should be developed. This project is funded by the European Union 7
  8. 8.  Determination of the selected EE and RE technologies and measures of interest was based on a selection criteria including briefly:  Relevance to the Egyptian context  Availability of an accessible and considerable potential.  Considered in present and future strategies  Ease of measuring and evaluating the impact both technically and economically.  Data and information availability particularly to assess the life cycle.  Cross sector and interdisciplinary impact This project is funded by the European Union 8
  9. 9.  The methodology adopted for selection included:  Literature review  Review and analysis of annual reports as well as special reports of major energy players; Ministry of Electricity and Energy and its affiliated companies as well as Ministry of Petroleum and its affiliated companies,  Contacts, meetings and personal communications with selected industries representatives.  Holding special meetings to achieve live interact with major players and get better information about actual tangible potentials. This project is funded by the European Union 9
  10. 10.  Review of the status of countries in the MENA region particularly those with situations comparable to Egypt  Ensure that selected RE & EE technologies and measures are made in close coordination with the Egyptian main energy agencies.This project is fundedby the European Union 10
  11. 11.  The overall objective of BAC study is to develop and disseminate the “Budget Allocation Efficiency Charts to the public and private sector decision makers who determine investment profiles and spending Charts” Communication to decision makers the technologies and measures that are most cost effective to achieve energy supply diversification, energy security and sustainability. This project is funded by the European Union 11
  12. 12.  The methodology will be based on the following:  Business as usual SSM scenario: kWh cost is based on World Bank levelized electricity cost which is the same for all 10 countries participating in the project.  Technology/measures cost: this will be based on international price. It should be noted that the proposed technologies and measures will be implemented through national programs that ensure market efficiency. This project is funded by the European Union 12
  13. 13.  The methodology will be based on the following:  Technologies/measures benefits: KWh saving/generation will be country (Egypt) specific, based on i.e. prevailing conditions, depending on technology/measures under investigation  Country potential: This will be country specific. Detailed simple methodology need to be developed in order to calculate the country potential for each investigated technology/measures This project is funded by the European Union 13
  14. 14.  Renewable technologies of considerable potential: Wind Energy Power Generation Domestic/ Residential Solar Water Heating Commercial and Public Buildings Solar Water Heating Solar Space Cooling of Commercial and Public Buildings Solar Space Cooling in Industries Solar industrial Process Heat (SIPH) This project is funded by the European Union 14
  15. 15.  Renewable technologies of considerable potential: Concentrating Solar Power (CSP) RE & Solar Desalination Services Grid Connect PV PV Water Pumping Municipal Landfill Gas Biomass Biogas This project is funded by the European Union 15
  16. 16.  Energy efficient technologies/measures of considerable potential: Technologies: Energy-Efficient Measures in Residential Buildings and Appliances (Refrigerators, Clothes Washers and Air Conditioners) Measures : Energy Efficient Lighting in Residential and Commercial Buildings, Industry and Public Lighting This project is funded by the European Union 16
  17. 17.  Preliminary outputs were obtained which need to be further investigated and developed While it was convenient to provide relevant data& information needed for calculation and running the Excel sheet being more visible and tangible It was less easy to avail EE data and information, being less available due to being seriously addressed only recently This project is funded by the European Union 17
  18. 18.  Detailed and more elaborate energy audits still needed to enable formulating an effective energy efficiency strategy along with quantifiable targets to be achieved across specific time frames. Very recent conventional energy price raises and subsidies decrease are an encouraging factor enabling better selection among alternatives. Nevertheless, it was very interesting to observe how BAC responds to: * change in conventional energy subsidy This project is funded by the European Union 18
  19. 19. * Different forecast scenarios of RE&EE potential developments BAC flexibility will clearly assist decision makers in Egypt to evaluate transparently different energy saving and generation alternatives in the coming period where the Egyptian economy would be viewed as being in transition situation where decisions could have important implications in the future. This project is funded by the European Union 19
  20. 20. Thank youThis project is fundedby the European Union 20