UN-ESCWA Activities in Support       of the Development and implementation of the     ENERGY EFFICIENCY DIRECTIVE in the A...
CONTENTS1-    UN ESCWA.2-    ESCWA’s Regional Cooperation in the Energy Field3-    EE’s Context4-    EE Services Provided ...
1- UN ESCWA ESCWA was established in 1973, and it is one of the  five regional Commissions created by the United  Nations...
1- UN ESCWA (Cont’d)• ESCWA comprises 14 Arab countries  – Bahrain, Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Oman, Palestine,...
1- UN ESCWA (Cont’d)                    ESCWA’s Programme of WorkSubprogramme 1. Integrated Management of Natural Resource...
1- UN ESCWA (Cont’d)         Energy Section’s Scope of WorkTo improve the sustainable management ofnatural resources throu...
2- ESCWA’s Regional Cooperation in the Energy Field ESCWA continued to forge closer cooperation in Energy Field for SD wi...
3- EE’s ContextA) At the International Level• In April 2010, UN Secretary-General’s Advisory  Group on Energy and Climate ...
3- EE’s Context (Cont’d)• The UN Foundation believing that reaching a  “legally binding agreement” on Climate Change  woul...
3- EE’s Context (Cont’d)• The Cancun Energy Efficiency Agreement  would include commitments for both  Annex I and Non-Anne...
3- EE’s Context (Cont’d)B) At the Developing Countries Level:• In order to meet those commitments, Non-  Annex I countries...
3- EE’s Context (Cont’d) C) Energy Indicators in ESCWA MCs               Primary energy supply by source (‘000 toe)       ...
3- EE’s Context (Cont’d)                                    Energy consumption by sector (‘000 toe)                       ...
3- EE’s Context (Cont’d)                                    Energy intensity and Carbon intensity                  Yemen  ...
3- EE’s Context (Cont’d)         per Capita emissions, GDP and TPES (kg/pop; US$/pop; toe/pop)                      Yemen ...
3- EE’s Context (Cont’d)Are the Indicators, being used, useful for our region ??:- Primary energy supply by source- Energy...
3- EE’s Context (Cont’d)D) Specific Energy Problems in Arab Countries• Energy Accessibility about 19 million people in the...
3- EE’s Context (Cont’d)E) EE objectives in the Arab Region:- Reducing the energy invoice of each consumer.- Reducing the ...
3- EE’s Context (Cont’d) ESCWA is participating to the working group of LAS concerning the  preparation of the Arab Guide...
4- EE Services Provided to ESCWA MCs1. Regional Studies and Publications2. Promotional Material & Fact Sheets3. Expert Gro...
5- ESCWA’s Latest EE Activities     Energy Efficiency Publications                  Improving                  Energy     ...
5- ESCWA’s Latest EE Activities (Cont’d)                                 Energy Efficiency PublicationsEnergy Efficiency &...
5- ESCWA’s Latest EE Activities (Cont’d)         Energy Efficiency Publications                                          23
5- ESCWA’s Latest EE Activities (Cont’d)       Energy Efficiency Publications                                        24
5- ESCWA’s Latest EE Activities (Cont’d)                            Meetings- Regional workshop on Energy Efficiency Label...
6- A Pilot EE Project: EE Program For Qatar  KM (KAHRAMAA)                     ESCWA    KM/ESCWA cooperation programme on ...
6- A Pilot EE Project: EE Program For Qatar (Cont’d)                   Scope of WorkItem-1: Evaluating the Current and Fut...
6- A Pilot EE Project: EE Program For Qatar (Cont’d)Item-5: Providing Guidelines and Recommendations for ElectricityTariff...
6- A Pilot EE Project: EE Program For Qatar (Cont’d)             EE/DSM Measures to be Implemented in EEEP                ...
6- A Pilot EE Project: EE Program For Qatar (Cont’d)Based on Energy Audits, the Following EE/DSM Measures               we...
6- A Pilot EE Project: EE Program For Qatar (Cont’d)                             GWh Reduction by Sub-building Sectors due...
6- A Pilot EE Project: EE Program For Qatar (Cont’d)                     Potential Load Reduction (MW) due to EEEP        ...
6- A Pilot EE Project: EE Program For Qatar (Cont’d)                        Demand after DSM                              ...
6- A Pilot EE Project: EE Program For Qatar (Cont’d)  MW                                     Peak Load Forecast In QPS    ...
6- A Pilot EE Project: EE Program For Qatar (Cont’d)  GWh                             Electrical Energy Forecast In QPS Wi...
7- ESCWA’s Planned Activities 2010-2011 on EE• Technical material on SMEs opportunities in  energy services (2010).• Fact ...
7- ESCWA’s Planned Activities 2010-2011 on EE (Cont’d)Global Energy Efficiency (GEE21): Cooperation between theUN Regional...
8- Conclusion / Looking Forward• ESCWA within its objective to achieve integrated  sustainable management in the ESCWA reg...
8- Conclusion / Looking Forward (Cont’d)Provide technical support to ESCWA countries in: - Awareness raising and capacity...
Day1 session 2 : UN-ESCWA Activities in Support of the Development and Implementation of the Energy Efficiency Directive i...
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Day1 session 2 : UN-ESCWA Activities in Support of the Development and Implementation of the Energy Efficiency Directive in the Arab Region

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End-Use Energy Efficiency: National Plan for Regional Energy Challenge 26 - 27 July, 2010

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Day1 session 2 : UN-ESCWA Activities in Support of the Development and Implementation of the Energy Efficiency Directive in the Arab Region

  1. 1. UN-ESCWA Activities in Support of the Development and implementation of the ENERGY EFFICIENCY DIRECTIVE in the Arab Region by WALID Al-Deghaili Chief, Energy Section Sustainable Development and Productivity Division (SDPD) UN-ESCWA«End Use Energy Efficiency: National Plans for Regional Energy Challenges» Republic of Tunisia, 26-27 July 2010
  2. 2. CONTENTS1- UN ESCWA.2- ESCWA’s Regional Cooperation in the Energy Field3- EE’s Context4- EE Services Provided to ESCWA MCs5- ESCWA’s Latest EE Activities6- A Pilot EE Project: EE Program For Qatar7- ESCWA’s Planned Activities 2010-2011 on EE8- Conclusion /Looking Forward(GEE21) 2
  3. 3. 1- UN ESCWA ESCWA was established in 1973, and it is one of the five regional Commissions created by the United Nations in order to fulfill the economic and social goals set out in the United Nations Charter by promoting cooperation and integration between the countries in each region of the world. ESCWA forms part of the United Nations Secretariat and, like other regional commissions, operates under the supervision of the United Nations Economic and Social Council. 3
  4. 4. 1- UN ESCWA (Cont’d)• ESCWA comprises 14 Arab countries – Bahrain, Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Oman, Palestine, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Sudan, Syrian Arab Republic , United Arab Emirates and Yemen. 4
  5. 5. 1- UN ESCWA (Cont’d) ESCWA’s Programme of WorkSubprogramme 1. Integrated Management of Natural Resources for Sustainable Development.Subprogramme 2. Integrated Social PoliciesSubprogramme 3. Economic Development and IntegrationSubprogramme 4. Information and Communication Technology for Regional Integration.Subprogramme 5. Statistics for Evidence-Based PolicymakingSubprogramme 6. Advancement of WomenSubprogramme 7. Conflict Mitigation and DevelopmentSubstantive Responsibility for subprogramme 1 is vested within theSustainable Development and Productivity Division, which includes threesections: Energy – Water Resources – Productive Sectors. 5
  6. 6. 1- UN ESCWA (Cont’d) Energy Section’s Scope of WorkTo improve the sustainable management ofnatural resources through the focus on:1. Improving Energy Efficiency (different sectors).2.Enhancing Access to Modern Energy Services.3.Increased Use of Renewable Energy Technologies.4.Use of Advanced Fossil Fuel Technologies.5.Transport & Sustainable Energy Use. 6
  7. 7. 2- ESCWA’s Regional Cooperation in the Energy Field ESCWA continued to forge closer cooperation in Energy Field for SD with regional organizations, particularly The League of Arab States (LAS): The UN General Assembly Resolutions 57/46 in 2002, and 61/14 in 2007 urged UN organizations to enhance their cooperation with LAS and its institutions and specialized organizations: - The Arab Ministerial Council for Electricity. - The Council of Arab Ministers Responsible for the Environment (CAMRE) and the Joint Committee on environment and Development in the Arab region (JCEDAR) and recently the establishment of an Arab Roundtable on Sustainable Consumption and Production SCP. - The Arab Federation For Youth & Environment (AFFYE) The Islamic Educational Scientific and Cultural Organization (ISESCO) The UNEP/ROWA (Regional office for western Asia)/Bahrain. The “Plan Bleu” The Regional Center for Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency(RCREEE). …….. 7
  8. 8. 3- EE’s ContextA) At the International Level• In April 2010, UN Secretary-General’s Advisory Group on Energy and Climate Change issued a report which called for scaling up efforts to meet the climate challenge and realize the Millennium Development Goals.• The report stated that: – A reliable, affordable energy supply is the key to economic growth. – A 40 per cent reduction in global energy intensity by 2030 is needed for climate change mitigation (2.5 per cent per year). 8
  9. 9. 3- EE’s Context (Cont’d)• The UN Foundation believing that reaching a “legally binding agreement” on Climate Change would entail lengthy and complex negotiations: – Suggests that countries should use the upcoming Cancun Climate Conference to initiate a global partnership to deploy energy efficiency immediately at large scale. – Proposes that a “Cancun Energy Efficiency Agreement” by which countries would make stronger national commitments to improve energy efficiency and mitigate emissions. 9
  10. 10. 3- EE’s Context (Cont’d)• The Cancun Energy Efficiency Agreement would include commitments for both Annex I and Non-Annex I (developing) countries.• The major Non-Annex I commitments are that: – Countries should be encouraged to register an expanded list of energy efficiency policies undertaken and to be undertaken in exchange for a commitment of supportive financial incentives and technical support. 10
  11. 11. 3- EE’s Context (Cont’d)B) At the Developing Countries Level:• In order to meet those commitments, Non- Annex I countries need to be prepared through: – Awareness raising, – Capacity building activities, – Technology transfer, – Legislations, – Financing mechanisms. 11
  12. 12. 3- EE’s Context (Cont’d) C) Energy Indicators in ESCWA MCs Primary energy supply by source (‘000 toe) Crude Oil Gas Coal and Peat Combustible Renewables and Waste 15 449; 2.91% 1 679; 0.32% Hydro 1 006; 0.19% 156; 0.03% Geothermal, Solar, Etc.166 733; 31.45% 345 113; 65.10% Source: ESCWA, based on IEA data. 12
  13. 13. 3- EE’s Context (Cont’d) Energy consumption by sector (‘000 toe) Industry Transport Residential/Commercial/Public Services Others 56 149; 22.19% 64 261; 25.40% 46 420; 18.35% 86 195; 34.07%Source: ESCWA, based on IEA data. 13
  14. 14. 3- EE’s Context (Cont’d) Energy intensity and Carbon intensity Yemen United Arab Emirates Syria Sudan Saudi Arabia Qatar Palestine Oman Lebanon Kuwait Jordan Iraq Egypt CO2/GDP (kg CO2/2000 US$) Bahrain TPES/GDP (toe/thousand 2000 US$) ESCWA TPES/GDP 0.00 0.50 1.00 1.50 2.00 2.50 CO2/GDP 0.00 1.00 2.00 3.00 4.00 5.00Source: ESCWA, based on IEA data. 14
  15. 15. 3- EE’s Context (Cont’d) per Capita emissions, GDP and TPES (kg/pop; US$/pop; toe/pop) Yemen United Arab Emirates Syria Sudan Saudi Arabia Qatar Palestine Oman Lebanon Kuwait Jordan Iraq TPES/Population (toe/capita) Egypt GDP/Population (thousand 2000 US$/capita) CO2/Population (tCO2/capita) Bahrain ESCWA 0.00 10.00 20.00 30.00 40.00 50.00 60.00Source: ESCWA, based on IEA data 15
  16. 16. 3- EE’s Context (Cont’d)Are the Indicators, being used, useful for our region ??:- Primary energy supply by source- Energy consumption by sector- Energy intensity- Carbon intensity- Emissions per Capita The total energy consumption would logically increase: - To meet the countries development needs - To ensure adequate energy access - Due to the global warming effects of climate change (AC – Desalination to counteract water scarcity….) - Because GDP might increase due to the increase in oil and gas prices, witch concern our oil and gas producing countries. 16
  17. 17. 3- EE’s Context (Cont’d)D) Specific Energy Problems in Arab Countries• Energy Accessibility about 19 million people in the ESCWA countries (10 %), mostly in rural areas, have no access to appropriate energy services especially electricity; a further of 30 million (15.6 percent) are severely undersupplied.• Poverty is a serious problem in several Arab countries and there is an urgent need for increasing energy accessibility to the poor to mitigate energy and human poverty.• The Subsidized electricity tariffs and oil-gas prices is the main constraint witch is facing the deployment of EE• There are needs for: - Awareness raising - Capacity Building - Technology transfer - Promoting Private/ Public Partnership 17
  18. 18. 3- EE’s Context (Cont’d)E) EE objectives in the Arab Region:- Reducing the energy invoice of each consumer.- Reducing the amount of subsided energy products.- Reducing the fuel import of energy importer countries (Lebanon – Jordan – Palestine – Morocco ….) and increasing the fuel export for oil & gas producer countries.- Participation to the climate change mitigation efforts taking into account that our region will suffer from Climate Change. 18
  19. 19. 3- EE’s Context (Cont’d) ESCWA is participating to the working group of LAS concerning the preparation of the Arab Guideline Framework for increasing the EE in electricity sector at the end user level. ESCWA Energy Section SDPD is participating to the Steering Committee energy activity programme of the Plan Bleu: - This program includes a study on Indicators and EE in the SEMC’s - The expected outcome of this study are mainly: • Strengthening the capacity of SEMC’s in monitoring their energy policies by using the indicator approach for energy management. • Construct and interpret a set of relevant energy efficiency indicators in the SEMC’s • A comparative analysis between some countries: Algeria – Egypt – Lebanon – Libya – Morocco – Tunisia – Syria – Palestine. - Committee members suggested that a list of indicators recommended for the region should be established before September 2010 and forwarded to the LAS. 19
  20. 20. 4- EE Services Provided to ESCWA MCs1. Regional Studies and Publications2. Promotional Material & Fact Sheets3. Expert Group Meetings (EGMs)4. Capacity Building Activities5. Technical Cooperation Projects6. Field Projects 20
  21. 21. 5- ESCWA’s Latest EE Activities Energy Efficiency Publications Improving Energy Efficiency in the Building Sector 21
  22. 22. 5- ESCWA’s Latest EE Activities (Cont’d) Energy Efficiency PublicationsEnergy Efficiency & Cleaner Fossile Fuels Uses in Energy Conservation and Efficiency in theSelected Sectors in Selected ESCWA Member Countries. Upstream Energy Sectors in SelectedVol.I: Energy Efficiency in Selected Energy-Intensive ESCWA Member Countries. Industries 22
  23. 23. 5- ESCWA’s Latest EE Activities (Cont’d) Energy Efficiency Publications 23
  24. 24. 5- ESCWA’s Latest EE Activities (Cont’d) Energy Efficiency Publications 24
  25. 25. 5- ESCWA’s Latest EE Activities (Cont’d) Meetings- Regional workshop on Energy Efficiency Labeling, Amman 18-19 Dec 2006.- Regional workshop on projects funding through the Clean Development Mechanisms (CDM), Amman 20-21 Dec 2006.- National Workshop on Energy Efficiency and conservation, Sana’a 26-28 Jan. 2008.- Regional Sustainable Production & Consumption Roundtable, Abu Dhabi, March 2008. (UNEP-LAS-ESCWA)- “Training of Trainers” on Energy Audit October 2008 Yemen.- 2nd Sustainable Production and Consumption Roundtable, Cairo 27-29 September 2009.- Transport for Sustainable Development in the Arab Region and Relevant Climate Change Issues” 29 September to 01 October 2009, Cairo - Egypt- Training on Energy Balance and Energy Auditing – Sudan May 2010 25
  26. 26. 6- A Pilot EE Project: EE Program For Qatar KM (KAHRAMAA) ESCWA KM/ESCWA cooperation programme on Energy Efficiency in the Qatari Electricity Sector2006 - 2008• Total cost around 400 000 US$ (KM 49% and ESCWA 51%) 26
  27. 27. 6- A Pilot EE Project: EE Program For Qatar (Cont’d) Scope of WorkItem-1: Evaluating the Current and Future Electricity Supply andDemand in the State of Qatar.Item -2: Assessing the Load Profiles and Analyzing the ElectricalEnergy Consumption Patterns in Various Sectors.Item-3: Performing Energy Surveys/Audits at Selected Sites, in theMain Energy Consuming Sectors.Item-4: Identifying and Evaluating Possible Measures, Technologiesand Practices for Upgrading Energy Efficiency in the Qatari Sectors. 27
  28. 28. 6- A Pilot EE Project: EE Program For Qatar (Cont’d)Item-5: Providing Guidelines and Recommendations for ElectricityTariff Structure and Pricing.Item-6: Identifying the requirements to develop Electrical EnergyEfficiency Programmes (EEEP) for Qatar and Developing apreliminary Action Plan for EEEP implementation.Item-7: Conducting a preliminary evaluation of the impact of (EEEP)on the environment.Item-8: Organizing a Seminar on “Measures and Technologies forImproving Sectoral Energy Efficiencies in the Qatari ElectricitySector” 28
  29. 29. 6- A Pilot EE Project: EE Program For Qatar (Cont’d) EE/DSM Measures to be Implemented in EEEP Load Management & Energy Conservation Peak Clipping: Reducing maximum demandValley Filling: Improving load factor by Load Shifting: Shifting loads out of peakbuilding load in off-peak periods. 29
  30. 30. 6- A Pilot EE Project: EE Program For Qatar (Cont’d)Based on Energy Audits, the Following EE/DSM Measures were Identified/Evaluated (i) EE/DSM measures of the Building sector (8 measures) • Lighting Retrofits • Building Envelope Improvements & Thermal Codes • A/C Retrofits & Related Energy Labeling and standards • Low Cost/No Cost Energy Efficiency Measures • Power Factor Correction • Introduction of Absorption chillers/Cogeneration/Distributed Generation • Installation of Motor’s Efficiency Measures (Inverters, motor controllers,…). • Awareness Programs (ii) EE/DSM measures of the Industrial sector (7 measures) • Load Shifting • Standby Generation • Reschedule Annual Maintenance • Power Factor Correction • High Efficiency Motors and Adjustable Speed Drives/Inverters • Lighting Retrofit 30 • Good Housekeeping
  31. 31. 6- A Pilot EE Project: EE Program For Qatar (Cont’d) GWh Reduction by Sub-building Sectors due to EEEP Total Saving= 2021 GWh/yr Before DSM measures (17% of total Qatar consumption) 9000 8430 GWh After DSM measures 8000Energy Consumption (GWh) Others (Build. envelope, BMS PF 6409 GWh 7000 before Using Correction) daylighting and 18% IT manag….etc. 5492 GWh 6000 ) 18% After 5000 4328 GWh Upgrading AC Eff. & Operation Lighting 18% 4000 Retrofit and Control 46% 3000 2097 GWh 1487 GWh 2000 841 GWh 594 GWh 1000 0 Residential Commercial Government Total Building Res.+Comm+Gover. 31
  32. 32. 6- A Pilot EE Project: EE Program For Qatar (Cont’d) Potential Load Reduction (MW) due to EEEP Implementation in the Industrial Sector MW Reduction in July = 96 MW (3.7 % of total Qatar)2,6002,4002,200 Housekeeping Others2,000 HE Motors 10% 9% 10% Load Shifting 11%1,800 Rescheduling Maint. Plans SGUs1,600 33% Program 27% Total Peak Load Reduction : 96 MW1,4001,200 Current Dem and Dem and After DSM1,000 ay ch il ly ry ne ry t r r r r us pr be be be be Ju M ar ua Ju a ug A m nu o m em M br ct e A eJa ov O ec pt Fe Se N D 32
  33. 33. 6- A Pilot EE Project: EE Program For Qatar (Cont’d) Demand after DSM Current Demand 3,000 Reduction in Aug = 550 MW ( 22.3% of total Qatar) 2,500Load (MW) 2,000 1,500 1,000 500 0 ay ne ly ec er ch y t il r r er ry us be be r r Ju Ap ua b ob ua ar M Ju em g em m M n Au ct br te Ja ov O Fe p Se N D Load Reduction (MW) due to EEEP Implementation in the State of Qatar (Building + Industry) 33
  34. 34. 6- A Pilot EE Project: EE Program For Qatar (Cont’d) MW Peak Load Forecast In QPS without DSM 11000 10500 10000 9500 9000 8500 100% DSM 8000 7500 7000 6500 6000 5500 Without applying DSM Measures 5000 When applying 50% of DSM Measures 4500 When applying 80% of DSM Measures 4000 When applying 100% of DSM Measures 3500 3000 2500 Years 2000 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 Effect of EEEP Implementation on Peak Demand Till 2020 34
  35. 35. 6- A Pilot EE Project: EE Program For Qatar (Cont’d) GWh Electrical Energy Forecast In QPS Without DSM 58000 55000 Without applying DSM Measures 52000 When applying 50% of DSM Measures 49000 When applying 80% of DSM Measures 100% DSM 46000 When applying 100% of DSM Measures 43000 40000 37000 34000 31000 28000 25000 22000 19000 16000 13000 Years 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 Effect of DSM Measures on Elec. Consumption (Gwh) for All Qatari Elec. System Till 2020 35
  36. 36. 7- ESCWA’s Planned Activities 2010-2011 on EE• Technical material on SMEs opportunities in energy services (2010).• Fact Sheet on improving EE in the electric power sector in the ESCWA region (2010).• Training on Energy Balance and Energy Audit in UAE (2010)• Study on “Policies and measures promoting sustainable energy use in the transport sector in the ESCWA region (2011)• GEE 21 36
  37. 37. 7- ESCWA’s Planned Activities 2010-2011 on EE (Cont’d)Global Energy Efficiency (GEE21): Cooperation between theUN Regional Commissions on EE for CC Mitigation, waslaunched by UN ECE at the UN Climate Change Conference(COP 14) in Poznan within a UN Energy side event in Dec 2008.The objective is to develop a more systematic exchange ofexperience on: 1- Capacity Building; 2- Policy Reforms; and 3- Investment project financeamong countries of region of the world through their UNRegional Commissions in order to: 1- Promote self-financing energy efficiency improvements that raise economic productivity, 2- Diminish fuel poverty, and 3- Reduce air pollution such as GHG emissions. 37
  38. 38. 8- Conclusion / Looking Forward• ESCWA within its objective to achieve integrated sustainable management in the ESCWA region, will put a focus on: Enhanced capacity of member countries to improve the role of the energy sector in achieving sustainable development, with particular emphasis on fulfilling MDGs and integrating Climate Change Mitigation and EE in national sustainable energy strategies. Strengthened South-South cooperation in the field through its existing regional cooperation mechanisms. 38
  39. 39. 8- Conclusion / Looking Forward (Cont’d)Provide technical support to ESCWA countries in: - Awareness raising and capacity building. - Conducting and improving their needs assessments for & Energy Efficiency technologies. - Enhancing Technology Transfer.Support member Countries in the formulation of policies to increase investment and financial flows.Enhance cooperation and coordination with concerned UN agencies, LAS Institutions and other organizations (ISESCO – EU…) involved in the ESCWA region in achieving the above. 39

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