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Day 1 -session 1 Implication of the Arab EE Directive to the Mandated National Entities
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Day 1 -session 1 Implication of the Arab EE Directive to the Mandated National Entities

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End-Use Energy Efficiency: National Plan for Regional Energy Challenge 26 - 27 July, 2010

End-Use Energy Efficiency: National Plan for Regional Energy Challenge 26 - 27 July, 2010

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  • 1. Euro-MediterraneanEnergy Market Integration Project Germany France Lebanon Implication of the Arab EE Directive Belgium to the mandated National Entities Ammar Al-Taher/MED-EMIP End Use Energy Efficiency: National Plans for Regional Energy Challenges Tunis, 26th – 27th, July, 2010 “The contents of this publication are the sole responsibility of the author and can in no way be taken to reflect the views of the European Union”. This project is funded by the European Union
  • 2.  Arab EE Directive implications Case study -sharing experience: Presentation of the Croatian NEEAP GTZ Project “Energy Efficiency in SEE The NEEAP as milestone on the way into the EU” Way forward This project is funded by the European Union
  • 3. Input=100 End use =1 η= 42 η= 97 η= 94 η= 2 Efficacy 20 lm/W Overall luminous efficiency 2% This project is funded by the European Union
  • 4.  Political support at the Heads of States level and at the Minister’s Level Now it is at our level It is up to us to make a difference Needed TA isThis project is fundedby the European Union available
  • 5. Article 3-1 Sets national indicative savings targets upon adoption of the Directive: Each government shall set and indicative target in GWhr to be achieved by the 10th year (i.e. 2020) through energy services and other energy efficiency measures. The target is to be set and calculated in accordance with annex A This project is funded by the European Union
  • 6. GWhr 2020Indicative 2020 Target % target 8 9 7 today 6 4 5 3 1 2 Baseline 1 2014 2006 2007 2008 2009 2011 2012 2013 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2010 This project is funded by the European Union Time
  • 7. Article 3-1 Sets national indicative savings targets upon adoption of the Directive: Each government shall set and indicative target in GWhr to be achieved in the 10th year (i.e. 2020) through energy services and other energy efficiency measures. The target is to be set and calculated in accordance with annex A savings target, to be achieved via cost effective practicable and reasonable measures. Annex B provides samples for eligible measures The general framework for measurement and verification of savings will be prepared later This project is funded by the European Union
  • 8. Water Street Residential Tertiary Industry pumping lighting sector sector sector sector sector Cross-sectorial Horizontal measureThis project is fundedby the European Union
  • 9. (a) cooling and heating (e.g. efficient air conditioners heat pumps, new efficient boilers, installation/efficient update of district cooling systems, );(b) insulation and ventilation (e.g. wall cavity and roof insulation, double/triple glazing of windows, passive heating and cooling);(c) hot water (e.g. installation of new devices, direct and efficient use in space heating, washing machines);(d) lighting (e.g. new efficient bulbs and ballasts, digital control systems, use of motion detectors for lighting systems in commercial buildings);(e) cooking and refrigeration (e.g. new efficient devices, heat recovery systems);(f) other equipment and appliances (e.g. combined heat and power appliances, new efficient devices, time control for optimized energy use, stand-by loss reduction, installation of capacitors to reduce reactive power, transformers with low losses);(g) domestic generation of renewable energy sources, whereby the amount of purchased energy is reduced (e.g. solar thermal applications, domestic hot water, solar- assisted space heating and cooling); This project is funded by the European Union
  • 10. (h) product manufacturing processes (e.g. more efficient use of compressed air, condensate and switches and valves, use of automatic and integrated systems, efficient stand-by modes);(i) motors and drives (e.g. increase in the use of electronic controls, variable speed drives, integrated application programming, frequency conversion, electrical motor with high efficiency);(j) fans, variable speed drives and ventilation (e.g. new devices/systems, use of natural ventilation);(k) demand response management (e.g. load management, peak shaving control systems);(l) high-efficiency cogeneration (e.g. combined heat and power appliances); This project is funded by the European Union
  • 11. (p) standards and norms that aim primarily at improving the energy efficiency of products and services, including buildings;(q) energy labeling schemes;(r) metering, intelligent metering systems such as individual metering instruments managed by remote, and informative billing;(s) training and education that lead to application of energy-efficient technology and/or techniques; This project is funded by the European Union
  • 12. (t) regulations, taxes etc. that have the effect of reducing energy end-use consumption;(u) focused information campaigns that promote energy efficiency improvement and energy efficiency improvement measures. This project is funded by the European Union
  • 13. Article 3.2 Each MS :  to prepare a NEEAP  to implement necessary measures  Assign the Responsibility for oversight, verification and reporting to one or more new or existing authorities or agencies. NEEAP are to be prepared for a three year period from Directive adoption date and including a set interim target. The NEEAP is to be reviewed annually to make sure that it fulfills its objectives.Article 3.3 A new 3 year NEEAP is to be prepared after the completion of the old one This project is funded by the European Union
  • 14. GWhr 2020 Indicative 3st interim Target 2st target interim target 1st interim 8 9 target 7 today 6 4 5 3 1 2 1 2 3 1 2 3 3st NEEAP 1 2 3 2st NEEAP 1 1st NEEAP 2014 2006 2007 2008 2009 2011 2012 2013 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2010 This project is funded by the European Union Time
  • 15. Planning 1st NEEAP 2st NEEAP 3st NEEAP 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2011 Review Review Review ControlThis project is fundedby the European Union
  • 16. Article 4 addresses end-use efficiency in the public sector.Article 4.11It requires each government to make sure that the public sector: is fulfilling its exemplary role under this directive. to be effective in telling consumers about the exemplary role and actions of the public sector in saving energy.Article 4.2 MS assures that the public sector implements the efficiency measures focusing on the most cost effective measures. Such measures can include legislative measures, voluntary measures and measures listed in annex B. This project is funded by the European Union
  • 17. Article 4.3 MS to include guidelines for using energy savings as an assessment criterion in competitive tendering for public contracts. In addition, the Public Sector in Member States must select two mandatory measures from a list in Annex C, requiring energy-efficient public procurement, energy audits and energy performance contracting. This project is funded by the European Union
  • 18. a) requirements concerning the use of financial instruments for energy savings, including energy performance contracting, that stipulate the delivery of measurable and pre-determined energy savings (including whenever public administrations have outsourced responsibilities);b) requirements to purchase equipment and vehicles based on lists of energy-efficient product specifications of different categories of equipment and vehicles to be drawn up by the authorities or agencies referred to in Article 4(4), using, where applicable, minimized life-cycle cost analysis or comparable methods to ensure cost-effectiveness;c) requirements to purchase equipment that has efficient energy consumption in all modes, including in standby mode, using, where applicable, minimized life-cycle cost analysis or comparable methods to ensure cost-effectiveness; This project is funded by the European Union
  • 19. d) requirements to replace or retrofit existing equipment and vehicles with the equipment listed in points (b) and (c);e) requirements to use energy audits and implement the resulting cost-effective recommendations;f) requirements to purchase or rent energy-efficient buildings or parts thereof, or requirements to replace or retrofit purchased or rented buildings or parts thereof in order to render them more energy-efficient. This project is funded by the European Union
  • 20. Article 4.4 MS to Assign the administrative and executive responsibility for implementing the requirements of this chapter. They may be the same as those referred to in article 2.2. Designated agencies - which may be those appointed under Article 4, - will be responsible for ensuring the public sector fulfils its exemplary role. These agencies must co-operate with the LAS in the promotion of awareness of best energy saving practices, including on public procurement This project is funded by the European Union
  • 21. Article 5 covers energy distributors, distribution system operators and retail energy sales companies.Article 5.1 It requires governments to ensure that such entities:a. offer aggregated statistical information annually regarding their final customers, to the agencies designated under Article 4 (or equivalent organizations). It must be sufficiently detailed to properly design and implement energy saving programs. It must include current information on end-user consumption, including, where applicable, load profiles, customer segmentation and geographical location of customers. This should respect commercially sensitive information. It may include historic data.b. These businesses must not do anything to hinder the development of, or impede the market for, the delivery of energy efficiency. Governments must step in to stop any such practices. This project is funded by the European Union
  • 22. Article 5.2 Governments will ensure that these businesses do one or more of the following: Offer competitively priced energy services to customers Offer their customers competitively priced energy audits, and/or energy efficiency improvements Make finance, equivalent to delivering the above, available to fund energy audits (see Article 10 related to EE Fund)Article 5.3 Either additionally or alternatively, governments must:i. separately set up schemes which deliver the same type of benefits as above. Details of such schemes must have clear and unambiguous objectives; they must be made publicly available prior to introduction, with other stakeholders encouraged to comment.ii. Governments must ensure that there are sufficient incentives, and a level competitive playing field, to ensure that any organization can offer and implement energy services, energy audits and improvement measures. This project is funded by the European Union
  • 23. Article missing (item 15 page 2) 5.4 metering & Informative Billing: requires Governments to ensure that customers have meters that provide actual overall and time-of-use consumption levels. Such meters must always be installed for new or refurbished buildings, or when an existing meter is replaced - although such provision must be "financially reasonable and proportionate to the potential energy savings". It also requires governments to ensure that all energy bills are provided frequently, based on actual consumption, and easily comprehensible. The bill should also, where appropriate, provide information on past consumption levels and comparable premises, together with contact details including websites for consumer and energy efficiency advice agencies. This project is funded by the European Union
  • 24. Article 6 deals with the availability of information.Article 6.1 MS shall ensure that information on energy efficiency mechanisms and financial &legal frameworks adopted with the aim of reaching the national indicative saving target is transparent and widely disseminated to the relevant market actors.Article 6.2 They also ensure that greater efforts are made to promote end use efficiency . They shall establish appropriate conditions and incentives for market operators to provide more information and advise to end users.Article 6.3 LAS will ensure the widespread dissemination of best energy- saving practices in Member States as well as working on learning from similar international experiences. This project is funded by the European Union
  • 25. Article 7 With a view to achieve a high level of technical competence, objectivity and reliability, governments, where they consider it necessary, to ensure the availability of appropriate qualifications, accreditation and certification schemes for the:  providers of energy services,  energy audits  and energy efficiency improvement schemes. This project is funded by the European Union
  • 26. Article 8 covers financial instruments for energy savings.Article 8.1 Governments must make sure no legislation exists that unnecessarily or disproportionately impedes or restricts the use of financial instruments for energy savings - unless these are of a clearly fiscal nature.Article 8.2 Governments (or their agents referred to in article 4.4) must offer model contracts (performance contracts), forms (tendering) and procedures (PROSOL) for financial instruments for energy efficiency improvements. This project is funded by the European Union
  • 27. Article 9Article 9.1 requires governments to restructure its electric tariff, in order to promote energy efficiency.,without adversely affecting targeted social segments,Article 9.2 They can impose public service obligations regarding energy efficiency on those operating in the electricity sectors. This project is funded by the European Union
  • 28. Article 10 Governments are obliged to make available the required financial resources to support and implements it energy efficiency programs and other measures for promoting energy efficiency as well as improving the market for energy efficiency services. Article 10 allows governments to create energy efficiency subsidy funds which are open to any company. If created, these must include promoting energy auditing, financial instruments for energy savings, and (where appropriate) improved metering and informative billing. They must target end-use sectors with higher transaction costs and higher risks. They can offer loans, grants or financial guarantees, so long as they do not compete with commercially-financed energy efficiency improvement measures. It is up to governments to decide which consumers should benefit. This project is funded by the European Union
  • 29. Article 11 concerns energy audits. Governments must ensure the availability of efficient, high-quality energy audit schemes that can be carried out in an independent manner by ESCOs and Distribution Co. These should identify energy efficiency improvement measures This project is funded by the European Union
  • 30. Article missing (item 15 page 2) metering & Informative Billing: requires Governments to ensure that customers have meters that provide actual overall and time-of-use consumption levels. Such meters must always be installed for new or refurbished buildings, or when an existing meter is replaced - although such provision must be "financially reasonable and proportionate to the potential energy savings". It also requires governments to ensure that all energy bills are provided frequently, based on actual consumption, and easily comprehensible. The bill should also, where appropriate, provide information on past consumption levels and comparable premises, together with contact details including websites for consumer and energy efficiency advice agencies. This project is funded by the European Union
  • 31. Article 12 The Committee The “RE/EE Expert Committee” established by the decision of the Council of Arab Electricity Minister no 127 and it supporting working teams are mandated the responsibility of the implementation of this directive in coordination with regional and international organizations and specialized research center. This project is funded by the European Union
  • 32. Article 12: Entry Into ForceArticle 12.1 MS to implement the needed legislation and administration for the implementation of this directive when they see appropriate.Article 12.2 Ms states to submit to LAS their relevant national legislation in relation to the adoption of the directive on the national level.Article 12.3 This directive in directed to LAS MS. Each MS, based on its needs and plans, decides when to adopt the directive This project is funded by the European Union
  • 33. This project is fundedby the European Union
  • 34. Situation before: Lack of sound, clear and documented energy efficiency strategy fully harmonized with EU acquisSolution: the Ministry in cooperation with UNDP Croatia initiated the development of Energy Efficiency Master Plan for CroatiaEE Master Plan –basis for 1stNational Energy Efficiency Action Plan (NEEAP) This project is funded by the European Union
  • 35.  Lack of energy efficiency strategy(programme) both on a national and local (regional) level with quantified goals for short-, mid-and long-term energy efficiency improvements Incomplete legislative framework for energy efficiency(energy legislation) Insufficient administrative and institutional capacities for implementation of energy efficiency strategy (programme) Insufficient economic and financial support mechanisms for energy efficiency (fiscal legislation, public procurement, etc.) Lack of demand for energy efficient products and services →underdeveloped energy efficiency market →need for information and promotional activities This project is funded by the European Union
  • 36. To obtain a well-documented energy efficiency strategy for Croatia: Definition of short-, medium-and long-term quantified goals for energy efficiency improvements on the national level and separately, for every sector Identification of and elaboration on all prerequisites necessary for successful implementation of defined action plan, including identification of key stakeholders and definition of their role and responsibilities; List of eligible measures for achieving defined goals for every end-use sector: residential, services, industry, transport; Addressing cross-sector and horizontal issues; Giving guidelines for monitoring and verification of achieved results in energy savings and reduction of greenhouse gasses. This project is funded by the European Union
  • 37. EU End Use Croatian Energy Energy Efficiency Strategy & Directive & EU Legislation acquis EE Master Plan Implementing Measurement & Targets Sector programs Cross-cutting issues instruments verification• National energy • Completion of • Residential, • Climate change • Guideline for end-use efficiency legislative • Public services • Renewables energy savings improvement formwork • Commercial • R&D measurements and target according to • Strengthen services verification • Public awareness EE Directive institutional • Top-down • S&M industries campaign• Recommendations capacities • Bottom-up • Auditing programs for benchmarking • Financing EE EE and CO2 • Labeling and projects & indicators energy programs (Loans, performance taxation system) standards • Involvement of • Energy metering energy sector and informative • Stakeholders billing responsibilities This project is funded by the European Union
  • 38. This project is fundedby the European Union
  • 39. National EEI target allocated to four main sectors: residential, tertiary, industry and transport Reason for allocation: to be able to monitor effectiveness of proposed measures at a more disaggregated level The sector allocation of the national target is primarily based on the following:  the proportion of individual sectors within the final energy consumption  the potentials for efficiency improvements and  the level of policy interventions in the sector This project is funded by the European Union
  • 40. This project is fundedby the European Union
  • 41.  Indicative national energy-saving targets and breakdown according to sectors Coherent policy package, cross-sectoral thinking (to exploit potential cost-effective energy savings in an economically efficient way) Exemplary role of public sector Strengthening of the market for energy services Information on energy efficiency improvement programmes and measures are widely disseminated to relevant market actors Estimating and measuring the savings Availability of resources for financing energy efficiency improvement programs & measures This project is funded by the European Union
  • 42. How to meet the quality criteria and to get the EU-approval? This project is funded by the European Union
  • 43. NEEAP derives from the Energy Efficiency Strategy Development Process(Example: Germany) This project is funded by the European Union
  • 44. Benefits of process-based NEEAP Efficiency through coherence of measures and evaluation of their cost-effectiveness Broad acceptance and thus, high feasibility due to stakeholder involvement Stakeholder dialogue during the process gives an idea about roles & responsibilities for the implementation and about training needs Institutional building & capacity building for obtaining a fully supportive legal and institutional framework Approval by the EU Commission This project is funded by the European Union
  • 45. 5. Success factors for the NEEAP-process Commitment of the national government Clear mandate to a selected authority (e.g. Energy agency, Ministry of Energy, Ministry of Economic Affairs Dealing with energy efficiency as „energy resource“, that also means involving the Ministry of Finance Availability of financial and human resources This project is funded by the European Union
  • 46. Regional/ international expert team Developing Energy Efficiency Strategies and NEEAPs in X countries Capacity building of national experts (e.g. workshops, seminars)This project is fundedby the European Union
  • 47. Euro-MediterraneanEnergy Market Integration Project Germany France Lebanon Belgium The Start This project is funded by the European Union