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RCREEE Member States: from the first movers for the NAMAs

RCREEE Member States: from the first movers for the NAMAs
16-17 November 2011

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Case studies on NAMAs in tunisia and mexico Case studies on NAMAs in tunisia and mexico Presentation Transcript

  • Case studies on NAMAs in Tunisia and Mexico Matthias Krey, Perspectives GmbH 16.11.2011 Training Course “Existing CDM Potential and Perspectives for Carbon Finance in RCREEE Member States beyond 2012”, Cairo, Egypt, 16. November 2011www.perspectives.cc · info@perspectives.cc © 2011 Perspectives GmbH
  • Tunisian NAMA conceptwww.perspectives.cc · info@perspectives.cc 2
  • NAMA proposals for Tunisia Tunisian Diversion of organic waste Solar Plan from landfills  Implementation of “Solar Plan” as NAMA  Potential for GHG mitigation in the Tunisian under the UNFCCC and Copenhagen waste sector Accord - waste management for a more sustainable treatment of biowaste  Expanding the existing Tunisian Solar - Communal waste, agroindustry/food Plan covering: processing, agricultural - Solar energy production, wood, waste water, hotels and restaurants - Wind energy - Actions: composting and/or anaerobic - Energy efficiency digestion - Biogas  Components (2011-2016) - Studies - Study to detect cost-efficient measures for  40 public-private projects scheduled emission reductions between 2010-2016 - Scientific research on degradation processes - national concept on biowaste treatment  Estimated emission reductions of 1.5 development MtCO2e per year, compared to current - Review (or study) on feed-in of electricity annual emission of 35 MtCO2e in Tunisia - Construction of composting and anaerobic digestion plants - Awareness Building Source: Tunisian “Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Action” NAMAs, - Capacity building and training Tunisian Environmental Ministry, 2010www.perspectives.cc · info@perspectives.cc 3 - Norming and standardization
  • Tunisia Solar Plan Source: Tunisian “Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Action” NAMAs, Tunisian Environmental Ministry, 2010www.perspectives.cc · info@perspectives.cc 4
  • MRV challenge for Tunisian NAMA Méthodologies disponibles pour les éléments du PST Mesure Type de méthodologie # projets MDP • 479 Thermosolaire • AMS-I.C. • Energie thermique renouvelable • 2046 Electricité solaire • ACM 2 • Electricité renouvelable pour • 2037 et éolienne • AMS I.D réseau • 27 Efficacité • AMS II.C • Technologies spécifiques • 31 énergétique sur • AMS II.E. • Bâtiments • 41 la demande • AMS II.J. • Illumination • 5 Efficacité • ACM 16 • Transports publics • 0 énergétique dans • AMS III.AA • Amélioration véhicules existants • 0 les transports • AMS III.AT • Tachymètres digitaux • 231 • ACM 1 Gaz de décharge • Gaz de décharge • 48 • AMS III.G Infrastructure • 5 • AM 45 • Connexion de réseaux (interconnexion)www.perspectives.cc · info@perspectives.cc 5
  • Mexico NAMA conceptwww.perspectives.cc · info@perspectives.cc 6
  • More than 500.000 new houses per year demanded until 2030 in Mexico due to demographic change Housing stock in millions 40 38.1 Mil. 35.6 Mil. 33.1 Mil. 35 30.2 Mil. 10.8 Mil. 5.8 Mil. new houses 30 27.3 Mil. new houses 2011-2030 2011-2020 25 Millions 24.4 Mil. 20 NAMA focused on new houses 15 10 5 0 2005 2010 2015 2020 2025 2030 Existing houses Projection Source: CONAVI, 2010www.perspectives.cc · info@perspectives.cc 7
  • Supported NAMA Design Concept for Energy-Efficiency Measures in the Mexican Residential Building Sector Item Description Sector Building sector Sub-sector New residential houses (maximum 4 storeys and 8 units) NAMA boundary Entire country Measures and activities with Substantial up-scale of “Green mortgage” and “Ésta es tu casa” schemes through direct impact on GHG increased subsidies and more ambitious efficiency standards. emission reduction Measures and activities with Supportive actions for transformation of the “Green Mortgage” and "Ésta es tu casa" indirect impact on GHG programmes into a holistic urban planning process including building codes emission reduction • Building code pilot in 1 federal state • Promotion and enforcement of building codes across federal states over time • Capacity building • Extension of urban planning criteria and inclusion in the holistic framework NAMA timeframe -Preparation 2011-2012 -Implementation 2012-2020 NAMA implementation and Full costs of substantial up-scaling of actions until 2020 operation costs NAMA type Supported NAMA (with the possibility of NAMA crediting for parts of the actions) Type of support required Financial, technical and capacity building under the NAMAwww.perspectives.cc · info@perspectives.cc 8
  • The NAMA could significantly reduce the BAU emissions Emission paths under different scenarios Emissions 2013-20 14 Current practice = 57.6 MtCO2 12 -12% = 50.9 MtCO2 -18% = 47.2 MtCO2 10 -19% = 46.5 MtCO2Annual emissions in million tCO2/a -28% = 41.4 MtCO2 8 -41% = 33.8 MtCO2 6 4 2 0 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 BAU Current Green Mortgage (37% coverage 2020) Scenario 1 (100% coverage 2020) Scenario 2 (100% coverage 2015) Scenario 3 (technology scale up) Scenario 4 (scenarios 1 and 3 combined) Current practice cumulativewww.perspectives.cc · info@perspectives.cc 9
  • Climate financing for the Mexican NAMA?  A revolving NAMA fund is a possibility - Directly reinvests monetary benefits (Mexican saved subsidies)  Such a fund could be supported by soft loans from donors/climate funds until break-even is achieved - Which are the incremental costs given that - Air-conditioners and refrigerators have negative abatement costs? - Mexican government saves a huge amount of subsidies?  Possible private sector involvement - Carbon market (NAMA crediting; e.g. of PV) => EU: Sectoral Mechanism pilot through a bilateral agreement - Provide loans to the NAMA fund on commercial terms (senior tranches)  Industrialised countries could purchase credits as wellwww.perspectives.cc · info@perspectives.cc 10
  • Specific investment needs Billion € Investment needs 2013 - 2020 8 6.6 billion € 7 6.2 billion € 6 5 4.0 4.3 billion € 3.6 4 3.8 billion € 1.7 Current 3 1.2 Green Mortgage 2 2.6 billion € 1 2.6 2.6 2.6 2.6 0 Scenario 1 Scenario 2 Scenario 3 Scenario 4 Minimum supporting finance: ~ 0.17 billion EUR/yearwww.perspectives.cc · info@perspectives.cc
  • Many Thanks for Your Attention! Matthias Krey, Perspectives GmbH 16.11.2011 Training Course “Existing CDM Potential and Perspectives for Carbon Finance in RCREEE Member States beyond 2012”, Cairo, Egypt, 16. November 2011www.perspectives.cc · info@perspectives.cc © 2011 Perspectives GmbH