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Society
 

Society

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This is a powerpoint to accompany Introduction to Sociology:

This is a powerpoint to accompany Introduction to Sociology:
http://en.wikibooks.org/wiki/Introduction_to_Sociology

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    Society Society Presentation Transcript

    • Introduction to Sociology Society
    • What is a society?
      • Society - a group of people who share a defined territory and a culture
      • What's the difference between a society and a nation?
        • Example: Iraq
      • What about a society and a culture?
      The British in 1926 for political expediency Who created the borders of Iraq?
    • Types of Societies
      • You can think about societies in a lot of ways (e.g., political development, religious development, etc.), but one way is to think about the economic development of societies
      • What types of societies are there or have there been?
        • Hunting and Gathering
        • Pastoral and Horticultural
        • Agricultural
        • Industrial
        • Post-Industrial/Service
    • Hunting and Gathering
      • What is it? What is life like?
      • What about inequality?
      • Gender relations?
      • Any of these still exist?
        • Batek – Malaysia
        • Nukak – Columbia
        • Sentinelese – near India (helicopter incident after 2004 Indian Ocean Tsunami)
      Batek of Malaysia
    • Pastoral and Horticultural
      • What is it? What is life like?
      • What about inequality?
      • Gender relations?
      • Any of these still exist?
        • Bedouin – North Africa
      Bedouin of Egypt
    • Agricultural
      • What is it? What is life like?
      • What about inequality?
      • Gender relations?
      • Any of these still exist?
        • Most developing countries, like Ghana
      Farmers in Ghana
    • Industrial
      • What is it? What is life like?
      • What about inequality?
      • Gender relations?
      • Any of these still exist?
        • Most moderately developed countries, e.g., China
      Workers in a Chinese factory.
    • Post-Industrial/Service
      • What is it? What is life like?
      • What about inequality?
      • Gender relations?
      • Any of these still exist?
        • Most highly developed countries, like the U.S.
      Office work in the US service industry
    • The World, circa 2000 BCE
    • Why do we care?
      • Economic development is tied to inequality
      Hunter/ Gatherer Pastoralist/ Horticulturalist Agricultural Industrial Post-Industrial Surplus Denser Populations Specialization Technology Inequality
    • Problems with Development
      • Early sociologists were studying society during the transition from agriculture to industry
      • They were also witnessing an age of exploration as the developing West was encountering parts of the world that were relatively undeveloped
      • Led to the following concerns:
        • Weber's Iron Cage of Bureaucracy
        • Durkheim's Anomie
        • Marx's Alienation