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Politics
 

Politics

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This is a powerpoint to accompany Introduction to Sociology:

This is a powerpoint to accompany Introduction to Sociology:
http://en.wikibooks.org/wiki/Introduction_to_Sociology

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    Politics Politics Presentation Transcript

    • Introduction to Sociology Politics
    • What is politics?
      • “Power relations wherever they exist.”
        • Power – ability to get your way even over the resistance of others
    • Power, Authority, and Violence
      • Authority is legitimate power
        • Who, in society, has legitimate power? Why?
      • What would be examples of illegitimate power?
      • Authority and legitimate violence
        • Governments have exclusive rights to violence
        • Why? Is this as it should be?
      • The collapse of authority
        • Revolution – armed resistance with the intent to overthrow and replace a government
        • Any revolutions in U.S. history?
      • The more that a government’s power is seen as legitimate, the more stable it is.
    • Power, Authority, and Violence
      • 3 Types of Authority:
      • Traditional authority
        • Authority based on tradition
        • Examples?
      • Rational-legal authority
        • Authority based on written rules
        • Examples?
      • Charismatic authority
        • Authority freely and graciously given
        • Threat posed by charismatic leaders
        • Examples?
      • Positives and negatives of each?
        • Jeffrey Lundgren – 15, 13, 6
      • Which is best?
      King Abdullah bin Abdul Aziz Al Saud Joseph Smith, Jr.
    • Transfer of authority
      • Traditional – pre-specified
      • Legal-Rational – also specified
      • Charismatic – not, generally, pre-specified
        • Jesus, Joseph Smith, Pope
      Conclave in the Sistine Chapel
    • Types of Government
      • Monarchies
      • Democracies
        • Direct – everyone votes
        • Representative – elect representatives to vote and make decisions
        • Universal citizenship – by virtue of birth
      • Dictatorships and Oligarchies
        • Totalitarianism
      • Is one better than another here?
    • U.S. Political System
      • What is a political party?
        • Group of like-minded individuals who work to get their candidates elected to office
      • What’s the difference between Republicans and Democrats?
        • Republicans (traditionally):
          • Socially and fiscally conservative, laissez-faire capitalism, smaller government, more states rights, strong national defense and international security, democratization efforts
        • Democrats:
          • Diplomacy rather than military action, progressive moral views, immigration and cultural diversity are accepted, oppose increases in the military, support capitalism – but encourage regulation and support welfare capitalism
    • Presidential Election - 2008
    • 2004 Presidential Election Variation is not really at the state level, which is why the previous map is a bit misleading.
    • Democratic Systems in Europe
      • The U.S. has primarily a two-party system
        • Is this ideal?
      • In many other developed countries, things are different:
        • Elections are not winner-take-all
        • Proportional representation
        • Encourages non-centrist parties and coalition governments
        • Example – Pirate Party
          • No representatives
    • Voting Patterns
      • Does your vote matter?
        • Really kind of depends on where you live, but you never know
      • Some groups are more likely to vote
        • Why?
          • Social integration
          • Alienation and apathy
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    • Voting Patterns Groups 2004 Presidential Vote Women Democrat 50 Republican 49 Men Democrat 46 Republican 53 Latinos Democrat 58 Republican 42 Whites Democrat 40 Republican 59
    • Lobbyists and Special Interests
      • What are lobbyists?
        • About 5 lobbyists per legislator (http://www.publicintegrity.org/hiredguns/chart.aspx?act=lobtoleg)
      • What are special interest groups?
      • Elections are expensive
        • Senate Campaign about $5,000,000
        • House Campaign about $1,000,000
      • PACs contribute and are “owed”
      • Should this be a concern?
    • Who rules the U.S.?
      • Functionalist perspective: pluralism
        • Government is necessary to prevent anarchy
        • Power is diffused with the existence of many interest groups
        • Plus there are checks and balances
        • Is this true?
      • Conflict perspective: The Power Elite
        • Top business, political, and military leaders actually form a ruling class
        • There is no “conspiracy” or secret group, but power is concentrated in the hands of a small group, many of whom know each other
    • War
      • What is war?
        • Prolonged, violent, large-scale conflict involving two or more groups of people
      • All human groups experience conflict; war is an escalation of that conflict
      • War is more common than we may think
      • But why?
        • Revenge, Power, Prestige, Unity, Positions, Ethnicity, Beliefs, Competition over Resources
    • War
      • Cost of war
      • That’s just money, then there are the lives…
      War cost American revolution $3 billion WWI $569 billion WWII $4.6 trillion Vietnam War $846 billion Iraq War (projected) $1.9 trillion
    • War and Dehumanization
      • War can often lead to dehumanization – treating people as less than human
        • Increased emotional distance from others
        • Emphasis on following procedures
        • Inability to resist pressures
        • Diminished sense of personal responsibility
      • Why do we do this?
      • Is Lynndie England a “bad person”
    • A bit of irony
      • Many of the countries around the world are able to wage war because the U.S. sells them weapons
      • Many of those weapons are then used to fight against our troops when we do go to war
        • We often fight against forces supported by our companies…
    • War and Terrorism
      • Terrorism
        • “The use of violence to create fear in an effort to bring about political objectives.”
      • Suicide Terrorism
    • New World Order?
      • Globalization of Capitalism
      • Worldwide Flow of Information, Goods, and Capital
      • Economic and Political Units that Transcend National Boundaries