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This is a powerpoint to accompany an introduction to sociology textbook:

This is a powerpoint to accompany an introduction to sociology textbook:



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    Family Family Presentation Transcript

    • Introduction to Sociology Family
    • Quiz
      • Do you want to marry?
      • At what age would you like to marry?
      • How many kids do you want to have?
      • How many kids do you think you’ll have?
      • What percentage of first marriages end in divorce by the 25th anniversary?
      • What happens to marital satisfaction when you have kids?
      • Who has more sex – married people, cohabiting people, or single people?
    • What is a family?
      • How do you define a family?
        • Is there a hard and fast definition?
      • In U.S. the traditional (though this isn’t that “traditional”) view of the family is the nuclear family – 1 woman, 1 man, and children
        • This isn’t a universal view
        • Some cultures expect polygamy and polyandry
      • And what about new forms?
        • Two men/women and children?
        • Three friends?
        • Grandparents and grandkids?
      • “ A family consists of people who consider themselves related by blood, marriage, or adoption.”
    • Regions of the World Where Polygamy is Widely Accepted
    • Why do we care about families?
      • Families perform initial socialization
      • Families also establish patterns of…
        • Mate selection
        • Descent
        • Inheritance
        • Authority
      • But structural-functionalism provides some additional rationales…
    • Functionalist Perspective on Families
      • What are the “functions” of families in society?
        • Economic production
        • Socialization of children
        • Care of sick and aged
        • Recreation
        • Sexual control
        • Reproduction
      • Are these still true?
      • Is the idea of family universal?
      • Family dysfunctions?
        • Isolation and emotional overload – shrinking networks in modern life can reduce support networks
    • Conflict Perspective on Families
      • How do families lead to conflict and inequality?
      • Gender and power – the structure and nature of families tends to result in women having less power
      • There is also a gendered struggle over housework
    • Family Stages
      • You can think of the family as passing through stages:
    • Family Stages
      • Do these stages progress the same way in all cultures?
        • Love and courtship vary around the world
      • There are a variety of marriage trends around the world and in the U.S.
        • Marriages tend to be homogamous – Why?
          • About 7% of marriages in the U.S. are interracial
        • People are postponing marriage (see graph) – Why?
          • Any benefits?
        • People are also turning to cohabitation (see graph) – Why?
    • Same-Sex Marriage
      • A topic in the news regularly these days is same-sex marriage
      • What is it?
      • Why do some oppose it?
    • Same-Sex Marriage Laws in the US
    • Same-Sex Marriage Laws Around the World
    • Parenting and Children
      • There are a variety of approaches one can take in raising children
      • Increasingly, institutions other than the family are helping raise children
        • Day care & nannies
        • Raising children is tied to social class
      • What happens to marital satisfaction when a couple has a child?
      • Some trends:
        • Increasing number of children spend time in one-parent families
        • More unmarried mothers (though many are cohabiting)
        • More couples are choosing not to have children
        • Fertility rate is declining
      • Good or bad?
    • Divorce and Remarriage
      • Prior to the 1970s, evidence for problems in a marriage had to be presented
      • “ No-Fault” divorces came about in the 1970s
      • Is the divorce rate going up or down or staying level?
      • What percentages of people in the U.S. who marry get divorced?
      • Do children of divorce have worse outcomes than children whose parents do not divorce?
        • Some negative effects, but not, generally, tremendous
        • 75% to 80% of children of divorce function as well as children who are reared by both parents
    • Risk of Divorce by Race/Ethnicity and Social Class
    • Marriage Rate per 1000 by State, 2007. (Source: Statistical Abstract 2009)
    • Divorce Rate per 1000 by State, 2007. (Source: Statistical Abstract 2009)
    • Extended Adolescence
      • Increasingly children are relying on their parents longer and longer in the U.S.
        • Some call this “extended adolescence”
        • 42% of 24-29 year-olds live with parents
      • Why is this happening?
    • Two Sides of Family Life
      • Marriage isn’t always bliss
        • Battering
        • Child abuse (almost 1 million cases every year)
        • Marital rape (illegal in all 50 states by 1993, but it is a lesser crime than non-conjugal rape in 33 of 50 states)
        • Incest
      • But it can be; happy families:
        • Spend a lot of time Together
        • Are quick to express appreciation
        • Committed to promoting mutual welfare
        • Talk and listen a lot
        • Deal with crises positively
    • The Future of Marriage and Family
      • Will marriage disappear in the future?
      • What about “families”?
    • Additional Topics
      • Grandparents as Parents
      • The sandwich generation and Elder Care