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Pacific Update 3.2
 

Pacific Update 3.2

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  • Give a snapshot of the Pacific youth context, development challenges and what makes it unique compared with other regions: poor human development outcomes, high levels of unemployment; poor educational access; steady rural-to-urban migration; political instability; weak institutional systems that failure to mediate competing interests; a lack of broad based economic growth, etc., etc. * Responding to demands from some of our client countries, the Bank is placing a high priority on youth, especially vulnerable and disadvantaged groups. * In short, our emerging Youth Engagement Strategy (YES) aims to improve opportunities for marginalized youth to become a more productive economic and social force. It builds on three main pillars: i) addressing skills constraints to economic growth; ii) supporting their livelihood and welfare, and helping them to become more economically active in growth sectors; and iii) fostering their social and occupational transition (and reintegration) into adult society. * This approach builds on new and existing analytical work, investments and partnerships that are being supported by country clients; and involves a more strategic and holistic approach. * On a more practical level, our work so far involves three main aspects: * Formation of a cross-sectoral Pacific Youth Team;
  • Investing in projects that aim to support the youth transition to education and work; particularly in the areas of urban workfare, livelihoods and "second chance" education schemes and drawing lessons from these operations; and * Undertaking more in depth analytical work that is needed to compile the evidence based analysis that is required to inform our operations. For the most part, this work will draw upon the work that is already out there, including the 2007 WDR; the Youth Literature Review; and lessons learned from other low income and fragile small states, (particularly the island states in the LAC region). This effort will also include a major piece of analytical work on youth that will commence at the end of this month.
  • The ideal path of youth development
  • In fact, people drop out at every stage; Some may not even have primary schooling They add to a growing section of marginalised youth, some of them end up in crime, gangs, etc.
  • Interventions thus far seem to address education as the best way to prevent more youth entering the marginalised category. Focus on institutional strengthening and providing improved access. There is a widely held view that education currently on offer does not suit the jobs available Economic growth prospects also seem to limit job creation
  • TVET opportunities are seen as inadequate – so there aren’t enough trained people for the trade opportunities available in some countries
  • In addition to the efforts to fix the education systems (which , if successful, may prevent addition to the marginalised) There needs to be some measures to reduce that number Work fare and 2 nd chance opportunities are intended to do that.
  • Current thinking, including the lessons learned from other regions, show that the purely economic approach (create work opportunities and education opportunities – demand and supply will ensure that people don’t drop out) Do not effectively address youth issues by themselves. There is a need to look closely at transition points: e.g. WHAT keeps people in school? Not nec the quality of education, but a sense of connected ness; What makes some unemployed youth take to crime and others not? What policies with regard to those already in crime, help arrest the situation? The work in LAC has yielded a number of policies that are seen to be highly effective and cost beneficial. They include both long-term (left side) and short-term (right side) measures.
  • However, the Pacific is further complicated by its culture and fact that this is in transition. The challenge is to adapt policies that have worked elsewhere, to the regional context. To gain consensus among governments, aid agencies and stakeholders on the need for a holistic approach.
  • The Bank is now acting on several initiatives that address the urgent short term need in TL and PNG It is also undertaking vital analytical work that is required in order to adapt best practice from elsewhere, effectively.

Pacific Update 3.2 Pacific Update 3.2 Presentation Transcript

    • Youth Development & Opportunities in the Pacific
    • Pacific Island Update, October 21, 2009
    • Sonya Woo
    • Ravi Corea
  • Focus
    • The Pacific has special development challenges
      • poor human development outcomes, unemployment; educational access; rural-to-urban migration; political instability; weak institutional systems; a lack of broad based economic growth, etc.
    • The Bank has placed a high priority on youth, especially vulnerable and disadvantaged groups, in response to client country demand.
    • Approach builds on new and existing analytical work, investments and partnerships supported by country clients, in order to be a more strategic and holistic .
  • Youth Engagement Strategy
    • Emerging Youth Engagement Strategy (YES) aims to improve opportunities for marginalized youth to become a more productive economic and social force.
      • i) addressing skills constraints to economic growth;
      • ii) supporting their livelihood and welfare, and helping them to become more economically active; and
      • iii) fostering their social and occupational transition (and reintegration) into adult society.
  • Approach
    • On a practical level:
      • An active cross-sectoral Pacific Youth Team
      • Investing in projects that aim to support the youth transition to education, work and life.
        • Workfare,
        • Livelihoods,
        • Second Chance Education,
        • Life Skills and Community Development.
      • Undertaking in-depth analytical work to compile the evidence base required to inform operations. Draws upon:
        • 2007 World Development Report;
        • 2009 Pacific Youth Literature Review;
        • Lessons learned from other low income and fragile small states, (e.g. island states in the Latin America and Caribbean region).
        • A major new piece of analytical work on youth that will commence at the end of October 2009.
  • Pacific Youth Primary Sch. Tertiary Employment Economy Secondary Sch.
  • Primary Sch. Tertiary Employment Crime, Gangs Pacific Youth Secondary Sch. Unemployed Marginalised At Risk Economy
  • Primary Sch. Secondary Sch. Tertiary Unemployed Marginalised At Risk Employment Crime, Gangs Pacific Youth Economy
  • Primary Sch. Tertiary Employment Crime, Gangs TVET Pacific Youth Secondary Sch. Unemployed Marginalised At Risk Migration Economy
  • Primary Sch. Tertiary Employment Crime, Gangs Pacific Youth Secondary Sch. Unemployed Marginalised At Risk Work fare 2 nd Chance TVET Migration Economy Livelihoods, Community development
  • Primary Sch. Tertiary Crime, Gangs Pacific Youth Secondary Sch. Unemployed Marginalised At Risk Employment TVET Migration Economy Livelihoods, Community development Work fare 2 nd Chance Transition points
  • Primary Sch. Tertiary Crime, Gangs Cultural Change Pacific Youth Secondary Sch. Unemployed Marginalised At Risk Transition points Employment TVET Migration Economy Livelihoods, Community development Work fare 2 nd Chance
  • World Bank Projects Papua New Guinea - Urban Youth Employment Project - Second Chance Education Project Timor-Leste - Second Chance Education Project - Youth Development Project Solomon Islands - Rapid Employment Program Pacific Youth Analytical and Advisory Activity to commence in October 2009
  • Thank You Sonya Woo - [email_address] Ravi Corea - [email_address]