Participation vs Elitism Presentation by Rob Colombo 2nd Vice President Competitive Standards Committee (Chair)
Participation vs ElitismQuestion:What are your memories fromparticipating in high schoolsports?
Participation vs ElitismQuestion:As coach, what is yourdefining memory?
Participation vs ElitismWhy is it so often that these views conflict? Students tend focus on memories of participation Coaches tend focus on competition results Teachers coaches’ views tend to be different from community coaches’ views
ParticipationBrings people togetherNew skills are learnedNew friendships madeThere is a sense of belonging in whicheveryone realizes theyre part of oneteam, which is their school http://www.mg.co.za/article/ 2010-11-30-competition-vs- participation
CompetitionCompetition is also healthy.It motivates learners to try even harder.Winning is a morale booster.Further develops skills.There is also the sheer enjoyment and fun oftaking part in winning. http://www.mg.co.za/article/ 2010-11-30-competition-vs- participation
CompetitionPositive competition involves determined but,crucially important, friendly rivalry.Values such as perseverance, respect, beinghumble in victory and gracious in defeat arelearnt.When the competition involves teamwork,important life skills are taught. Everyone knowsthe team is more important than the individual.Together they can do so much more. http://www.mg.co.za/article/ 2010-11-30-competition-vs- participation
ElitismIncreasing numbers of children who specialize in asport at an early age , train year-round for a sportand/or compete on an "elite" level.Media coverage of national & internationalcompetition has focused attention on very talentedbut very young competitors.The successes of young athletes can serve as apowerful inducement for others to follow. Pediatrics, Jul2000, Vol. 106 Issue 1, p154, 4p
ElitismAlong with media coverage, the lure of collegescholarship or a professional career can alsomotivate athletes (and their parents) to committo specialized training regimens at an early age.The low probability of reaching these lofty goalsdoes not appear to discourage many aspirants. Pediatrics, Jul2000, Vol. 106 Issue 1, p154, 4p
ElitismMost Olympic sports have selection processesthat attempt to identify future champions andinitiate specialized training--often before theprospect finishes elementary school. Pediatrics, Jul2000, Vol. 106 Issue 1, p154, 4p
SPORT FOR LIFE (“Own the Podium”)“Traditionally, physical education in the schools,recreational sports, and elite sport have beendeveloped separately…fails to ensure that allchildren, including those who may choose tobecome elite athletes, are given a solidfoundation and knowledge base” http://www.canadiansportforlife.ca/
SPORT FOR LIFE (“Own the Podium”)“The results of the survey show that while sportschool programs have grown and evolved in BC,they are not currently catering to highperformance athletes and may not be providinga high quality training environment for theirstudent-athletes” http://www.canadiansportforlife.ca/
SCHOOL SPORTS Encyclopedia of Education, 2002The Objective of School Sports:1. The enrichment of the high school experiences of students within the context of the educational mission of schools.2. As such, school sports should be educational and contribute to the overall education of all students, not athletes only.3. Citizenship, Sportsmanship, fair play, teamwork, respect, and health and welfare of all students not only during the school years but continuing into adulthood.
SCHOOL SPORTS Encyclopedia of Education, 2002Other Findings: There is a lack of uniform standards for coaches education “Rogue Schools” that focus on single sports, elite programs, & recruiting High School programs generally emphasize competition and program success (rather than developing skills for the next level of athletic competition)
SCHOOL SPORTS Encyclopedia of Education, 2002Nonschool Sports: Programs for talented young athletes (and by extension some coaches) to participate in a sport after the school season, but during the school year and have expanded in the summer Some of these programs also compete directly with school sports
What does BCSS do right?In Terms of Participation: In a small group, record you answers on the forms given. LINK
What does BCSS do right?In Terms of Competition: In a small group, record you answers on the forms given.
What are some concerns with the BCSS model?Inconsistencies between sport commissionsInability to attract financial supportRECRUITING (rogue schools) Requires members to report Public vs Non-Public schools (perceived) Requires court proof evidence THESE ARE ADULT PROBLEMS!
Solutions?????1. Are we about participation or elitism?2. Are we meeting the needs of our students (athletes)?3. What should we continue to do well?4. What can we do better?5. How do we address our concerns?