Knowledge Base for Transcultural Health


Published on

1 Like
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Total views
On SlideShare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Knowledge Base for Transcultural Health

  1. 1. Medals: A Knowledge Base for Transcultural Health and Medicine<br />Dr. Riccardo Colasanti<br />Rielo Institute for Integral Development<br /><br />
  2. 2. What is Integral health? <br />
  3. 3. Communicative competence<br />Anthropological competence<br />Clinical competence<br />Psychological competence<br />Four competences are defined:<br />
  4. 4. According Van Wieregen et al. (2002) in medical consultation in general practice mutual understanding was poor in 33% of consultations with ethnic-minority patient versus 13% with native-born patient<br />Eur J Public Health. 2002 Mar;12(1):63-8.<br />Intercultural communication in general practice.<br />Van Wieringen JC, Harmsen JA, Bruijnzeels MA.<br />Communication in Transcultural Medicine<br />
  5. 5. The lack of comprehension may imply, medical misdiagnosis (false positive or false negative), erroneous prescriptions, a possible death toll <br />Outcomes of poor comprehension in medicine<br />
  6. 6. We need to know:<br />Cultural medical models of the patient<br />His cultural expectative<br />How he/she communicates with linguistical and not-linguistical skills his/her problems <br />How the doctor can communicate to her/him<br />To improve medical comprehension<br />
  7. 7. Models of Health and Disease in different cultures <br />According to Tirodkar et al. (2011) …physician’s explanatory models of illness are still largely biomedical in that they emphasize the biological and physical aspects of disease etiology . However, patients or individuals who are experiencing illness may have different explanatory models.<br /> Explanatory models of health and disease among South Asian immigrants in Chicago<br />Tirodkar,M.A.; Baker,D.W. ; Makoul,G.T.; Khurana,N.; Paracha,M.W.; Kandula,N.R. <br />J.ImmigrMinor.Health., 2011, 13, 2, 385-394, United States<br />
  8. 8. Pre-linguistic<br />Linguistic <br />Cultural (Different Customs in Food, Habits etc)<br />Philosophical and Religious (Explanatory Model of Health and Disease, Existential meaning of Life and Disease )<br />The medical incomprehension is a multilayer issue: <br />
  9. 9. Patient<br />Doctor<br />Sickness<br />Intercultural communication is very complex<br />Judgment<br />fears<br />objectifying<br />subjectifying<br />objectifying<br />
  10. 10. Gesture Ambiguity (ex.: nodding and shaking head)<br />Lack of grammatical precision<br />Hyperbolic use of deictical terms (ex. that, this) that hides the meaning in case of lack of context<br />Lexical Differences (Ethnoanatomy)<br />False Friends in the Vocabulary <br />The Rethorical use of Medical Language<br />Differences in Conceptual Schemas (Frames di Minsky)<br />Difference in the medical encyclopedia<br />Difference in Health Customs<br />Difference in Symbolic Values <br />Difference in philosophical and religious values<br />Some tipical issue in Crosscultural Communication in Medicine in <br />
  11. 11. Some examples<br />
  12. 12. Tamil terms related to health :<br />The lungs, liver, spleen, and other viscera<br />ஈரல் : irel<br />Offensive smell of blood.<br />இரத்தக்கவிச்சு, (irattacavicciù) <br />
  13. 13.
  14. 14. No!<br />
  15. 15. Foot/Leg Diversity in language<br />(De Blasio, Colasanti 2009)<br />
  16. 16. Foot-Leg<br />(De Blasio, Colasanti 2009)<br />
  17. 17. The reduction of the cultural gap in Healthis a two-way path<br />Patient-PhysicianRelationship and RacialDisparities in the Quality of Health Care <br />Saha et al. American Journal of Public HealthOctober 2003 Vol 93 n. 10<br />
  18. 18. It is really necessary to constitute a knowledge base of alle the medical observations related to cultural and linguistically topics in all the culture ion the world<br />
  19. 19. Pub Med (NLM Bethesda) for “cultural diversity” return 10.000 articles<br />Non medical scientific literature: indetermined number<br />Google Video looking for “traditionalmedicine” return 19.700 clips.<br />Slideshare (presentations) for “traditionalmedicine ”return 28000 Powerpointpresentation. <br />+ i social forum, le news etc<br />Terabytedi data<br />Basic Problem: Huge Dimension of the Data Base<br />
  20. 20. I we the number of cultural groups is proportional to the number of linguistic differences:<br />How many cultures in the world?<br />How many cultures in the world?<br />
  21. 21. How many people clusters in the world?<br />Modificato da<br />
  22. 22.
  23. 23.
  24. 24. Broad<br />Up-to-date<br />Scientific<br />But open to Social Network of Healthcare Professionals <br />The Knowledge Base has to be <br />
  25. 25. 3 Structural Blocks of the Knowledge Base<br />1<br />2<br />3<br />
  26. 26.
  27. 27. Define the taxonomical tree in Medical Anthropology and in Transcultural Medicine<br />1. Taxonomy Ontology Based<br />
  28. 28.
  29. 29. From the scientific literature peer reviewed<br />Medical (Medline)<br />Non Medical<br />From the social Network of Health Care Professional<br />2. Cultural Data Collection<br />
  30. 30. A data base to be consulted via web <br />Interface user friendly<br />A IT Social Network platform<br />3. IT database<br />
  31. 31. 3. IT database: Zentity 2.0<br />
  32. 32. This vision for an integrated approach is intended to serve as a catalyst for transforming the health care system to meet the needs of limited-literacy, culturally diverse, and limited English proficiency patients. Clinicians and health care staff have an important role to play, but the responsibility for achieving real progress for patients facing challenges related to literacy, culture, and language must extend to organizations that support them.<br />Integrating Literacy, Culture, and Language to Improve Health Care Quality for Diverse PopulationsDennis P Andrulis, Cindy Brach. American Journal of Health Behavior. : Sep/Oct 2007. <br />