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V2 collapse of napoleon congressvienna09


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  • Napoleon’s retreat from Russia after defeat. Burr…cold!
  • Transcript

    • 1.
      • COPY and ANSWER the following questions.
        • Which would you be more likely to follow during times of trouble:
          • A democratic government that asks for you opinion but complains more than it accomplishes
      • ----OR----
          • A single leader who never asks you what you want but gets things done
          • Explain your choice
    • 2. Collapse of Napoleon and the Congress of Vienna
    • 3.
      • Metternich & Congress of Vienna
      • Preview:
        • How did Napoleon come to power?
        • What changes did Napoleon make in Europe that affected other European countries?
    • 4. Napoleon Controlled France
      • Napoleon’s control of France was supposed to be a short- term fix to restore order, BUT…
      • Desperate for strong leadership, French citizens allowed Napoleon to have as much control as he wanted, so he made himself emperor in 1804
      • The Philosophes of the Enlightenment were outraged (this is absolutism!!); but the people supported Napoleon
    • 5. Napoleon’s Changes in France
      • Used military to run country
      • Used censorship
      • Executed & Jailed critics
      • Forced men to join the French army
      • Continued European wars
      • Improved education
      • Created Bank of France ; made taxes fair (everyone paid)
      • Napoleonic Code -wrote down laws; more equal & clear
      • Increased the French empire
    • 6. Napoleon’s Empire
      • Napoleon defeated the First Coalition of European nations
      • By 1803, 2 more coalitions were formed to defeat France
      • Napoleon counter- attacked & invaded Denmark, Italy, Holland, Spain, Portugal, Austria, Prussia (Napoleon wanted a buffer zone between France & its enemies)
    • 7.  
    • 8. Napoleon’s Empire
      • By 1812, France controlled most of Europe
      • Many Europeans saw Napoleon as a liberator, bringing the ideas of the French Revolution with him, BUT…
    • 9. Napoleon’s Empire
      • Napoleon imposed French ways on the European territories he controlled:
        • Forced Europe to obey the Napoleonic Code (French laws)
        • Enforced the Continental System —a strict blockade on all British goods everywhere in Europe & a heavy tax on all European goods except French products
    • 10. End of Napoleon’s Empire
      • By 1812, the only countries outside Napoleon’s Empire were England, Sweden, Russia, & the Ottoman Empire
      • But when Russia violated the Continental System (a ban on British goods), Napoleon attacked Russia
    • 11. End of Napoleon’s Empire
      • Napoleon advanced towards Russia with a superior army
      • BUT…the Czar used a Scorched-Earth policy —attack French, then retreat while burning ground & buildings so Napoleon’s army can’t use them for food or shelter
      • This tactic & a harsh winter devastated Napoleon’s army; Napoleon lost to Russia in 1812
    • 12.  
    • 13. End of Napoleon’s Empire
      • Napoleon was exiled to Elba (an island near Italy); France brought back Bourbon king Louis XVIII
      • BUT..the people of France did not support Louis XVIII & ran him off
      • Napoleon returned & created a new army to lead France; BUT…
    • 14. End of Napoleon’s Empire
      • Coalition of European powers defeated him at Waterloo in 1815; Ended Napoleon’s reign
      • Napoleon was exiled to the South Atlantic where he died in 1821 (of stomach cancer or poison?)
    • 15. Congress of Vienna
      • The Congress of Vienna was an international conference called to remake Europe after fall of Napoleon; met in Vienna, Austria from Sept 1814 to June 1815
      • The main goal of the conference was to create a balance of power that would preserve peace in Europe
    • 16. Congress of Vienna
      • The Congress of Vienna was attended by 4 major powers: Austria, Russia, Prussia, & England; but was led by the Austrian Prince Metternich
      • Metternich disliked democracy & the new ideas of the French Revolution; he wanted Europe back “the way it was” before the Revolution & Napoleon
    • 17.  
    • 18. Congress of Vienna
      • The 4 major powers of Europe made 4 big decisions:
        • Redrew map —France gave up all conquests; Prussia, Russia, England all gained land
        • Reestablished royal monarchies in France, Spain, Portugal, Italian states
    • 19. Congress of Vienna
        • Formed a Quadruple Alliance —England, Austria, Prussia, Russia would maintain security in Europe (act as “firefighters” to put out “sparks” of revolution anywhere in Europe)
        • Reestablished peace & a balance of power in Europe; peace was maintained in Europe for almost 40 years
    • 20.