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<ul><li>COPY and ANSWER the following questions. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Which would you be more likely to follow during tim...
Collapse of Napoleon  and the  Congress of Vienna
<ul><li>Metternich & Congress of Vienna </li></ul><ul><li>Preview:  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>How did Napoleon come to power? ...
Napoleon Controlled France <ul><li>Napoleon’s control of France  was supposed to be a short-  term fix to restore order, B...
Napoleon’s Changes in France <ul><li>Used military to run country </li></ul><ul><li>Used censorship </li></ul><ul><li>Exec...
Napoleon’s Empire <ul><li>Napoleon defeated the First Coalition of European nations  </li></ul><ul><li>By 1803, 2 more    ...
 
Napoleon’s Empire <ul><li>By 1812, France controlled most of Europe </li></ul><ul><li>Many Europeans  saw Napoleon as a  l...
Napoleon’s Empire <ul><li>Napoleon imposed French ways on the European territories he controlled: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Fo...
End of Napoleon’s Empire <ul><li>By 1812, the only  countries outside  Napoleon’s Empire  were England,  Sweden, Russia, &...
End of Napoleon’s Empire <ul><li>Napoleon advanced towards Russia with a superior army  </li></ul><ul><li>BUT…the Czar use...
 
End of Napoleon’s Empire <ul><li>Napoleon was exiled to Elba (an island near Italy); France brought back Bourbon king Loui...
End of Napoleon’s Empire <ul><li>Coalition of European powers defeated him at Waterloo in 1815; Ended Napoleon’s  reign </...
Congress of Vienna <ul><li>The Congress of Vienna was an international conference called to remake Europe after fall of Na...
Congress of Vienna <ul><li>The Congress of Vienna was attended by 4 major powers: Austria, Russia, Prussia, & England; but...
 
Congress of Vienna <ul><li>The 4 major powers of Europe made 4 big decisions: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Redrew map —France gav...
Congress of Vienna <ul><ul><li>Formed a  Quadruple Alliance —England, Austria, Prussia, Russia would maintain security in ...
 
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V2 collapse of napoleon congressvienna09

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  • Napoleon’s retreat from Russia after defeat. Burr…cold!
  • Transcript of "V2 collapse of napoleon congressvienna09"

    1. 1. <ul><li>COPY and ANSWER the following questions. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Which would you be more likely to follow during times of trouble: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>A democratic government that asks for you opinion but complains more than it accomplishes </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>----OR---- </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>A single leader who never asks you what you want but gets things done </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li> Explain your choice </li></ul></ul></ul>
    2. 2. Collapse of Napoleon and the Congress of Vienna
    3. 3. <ul><li>Metternich & Congress of Vienna </li></ul><ul><li>Preview: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>How did Napoleon come to power? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What changes did Napoleon make in Europe that affected other European countries? </li></ul></ul>
    4. 4. Napoleon Controlled France <ul><li>Napoleon’s control of France was supposed to be a short- term fix to restore order, BUT… </li></ul><ul><li>Desperate for strong leadership, French citizens allowed Napoleon to have as much control as he wanted, so he made himself emperor in 1804 </li></ul><ul><li>The Philosophes of the Enlightenment were outraged (this is absolutism!!); but the people supported Napoleon </li></ul>
    5. 5. Napoleon’s Changes in France <ul><li>Used military to run country </li></ul><ul><li>Used censorship </li></ul><ul><li>Executed & Jailed critics </li></ul><ul><li>Forced men to join the French army </li></ul><ul><li>Continued European wars </li></ul><ul><li>Improved education </li></ul><ul><li>Created Bank of France ; made taxes fair (everyone paid) </li></ul><ul><li>Napoleonic Code -wrote down laws; more equal & clear </li></ul><ul><li>Increased the French empire </li></ul>
    6. 6. Napoleon’s Empire <ul><li>Napoleon defeated the First Coalition of European nations </li></ul><ul><li>By 1803, 2 more coalitions were formed to defeat France </li></ul><ul><li>Napoleon counter- attacked & invaded Denmark, Italy, Holland, Spain, Portugal, Austria, Prussia (Napoleon wanted a buffer zone between France & its enemies) </li></ul>
    7. 8. Napoleon’s Empire <ul><li>By 1812, France controlled most of Europe </li></ul><ul><li>Many Europeans saw Napoleon as a liberator, bringing the ideas of the French Revolution with him, BUT… </li></ul>
    8. 9. Napoleon’s Empire <ul><li>Napoleon imposed French ways on the European territories he controlled: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Forced Europe to obey the Napoleonic Code (French laws) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Enforced the Continental System —a strict blockade on all British goods everywhere in Europe & a heavy tax on all European goods except French products </li></ul></ul>
    9. 10. End of Napoleon’s Empire <ul><li>By 1812, the only countries outside Napoleon’s Empire were England, Sweden, Russia, & the Ottoman Empire </li></ul><ul><li>But when Russia violated the Continental System (a ban on British goods), Napoleon attacked Russia </li></ul>
    10. 11. End of Napoleon’s Empire <ul><li>Napoleon advanced towards Russia with a superior army </li></ul><ul><li>BUT…the Czar used a Scorched-Earth policy —attack French, then retreat while burning ground & buildings so Napoleon’s army can’t use them for food or shelter </li></ul><ul><li>This tactic & a harsh winter devastated Napoleon’s army; Napoleon lost to Russia in 1812 </li></ul>
    11. 13. End of Napoleon’s Empire <ul><li>Napoleon was exiled to Elba (an island near Italy); France brought back Bourbon king Louis XVIII </li></ul><ul><li>BUT..the people of France did not support Louis XVIII & ran him off </li></ul><ul><li>Napoleon returned & created a new army to lead France; BUT… </li></ul>
    12. 14. End of Napoleon’s Empire <ul><li>Coalition of European powers defeated him at Waterloo in 1815; Ended Napoleon’s reign </li></ul><ul><li>Napoleon was exiled to the South Atlantic where he died in 1821 (of stomach cancer or poison?) </li></ul>
    13. 15. Congress of Vienna <ul><li>The Congress of Vienna was an international conference called to remake Europe after fall of Napoleon; met in Vienna, Austria from Sept 1814 to June 1815 </li></ul><ul><li>The main goal of the conference was to create a balance of power that would preserve peace in Europe </li></ul>
    14. 16. Congress of Vienna <ul><li>The Congress of Vienna was attended by 4 major powers: Austria, Russia, Prussia, & England; but was led by the Austrian Prince Metternich </li></ul><ul><li>Metternich disliked democracy & the new ideas of the French Revolution; he wanted Europe back “the way it was” before the Revolution & Napoleon </li></ul>
    15. 18. Congress of Vienna <ul><li>The 4 major powers of Europe made 4 big decisions: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Redrew map —France gave up all conquests; Prussia, Russia, England all gained land </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reestablished royal monarchies in France, Spain, Portugal, Italian states </li></ul></ul>
    16. 19. Congress of Vienna <ul><ul><li>Formed a Quadruple Alliance —England, Austria, Prussia, Russia would maintain security in Europe (act as “firefighters” to put out “sparks” of revolution anywhere in Europe) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reestablished peace & a balance of power in Europe; peace was maintained in Europe for almost 40 years </li></ul></ul>
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