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V2 collapse of napoleon congressvienna09
V2 collapse of napoleon congressvienna09
V2 collapse of napoleon congressvienna09
V2 collapse of napoleon congressvienna09
V2 collapse of napoleon congressvienna09
V2 collapse of napoleon congressvienna09
V2 collapse of napoleon congressvienna09
V2 collapse of napoleon congressvienna09
V2 collapse of napoleon congressvienna09
V2 collapse of napoleon congressvienna09
V2 collapse of napoleon congressvienna09
V2 collapse of napoleon congressvienna09
V2 collapse of napoleon congressvienna09
V2 collapse of napoleon congressvienna09
V2 collapse of napoleon congressvienna09
V2 collapse of napoleon congressvienna09
V2 collapse of napoleon congressvienna09
V2 collapse of napoleon congressvienna09
V2 collapse of napoleon congressvienna09
V2 collapse of napoleon congressvienna09
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V2 collapse of napoleon congressvienna09

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  • Napoleon’s retreat from Russia after defeat. Burr…cold!
  • Transcript

    • 1.
      • COPY and ANSWER the following questions.
        • Which would you be more likely to follow during times of trouble:
          • A democratic government that asks for you opinion but complains more than it accomplishes
      • ----OR----
          • A single leader who never asks you what you want but gets things done
          • Explain your choice
    • 2. Collapse of Napoleon and the Congress of Vienna
    • 3.
      • Metternich & Congress of Vienna
      • Preview:
        • How did Napoleon come to power?
        • What changes did Napoleon make in Europe that affected other European countries?
    • 4. Napoleon Controlled France
      • Napoleon’s control of France was supposed to be a short- term fix to restore order, BUT…
      • Desperate for strong leadership, French citizens allowed Napoleon to have as much control as he wanted, so he made himself emperor in 1804
      • The Philosophes of the Enlightenment were outraged (this is absolutism!!); but the people supported Napoleon
    • 5. Napoleon’s Changes in France
      • Used military to run country
      • Used censorship
      • Executed & Jailed critics
      • Forced men to join the French army
      • Continued European wars
      • Improved education
      • Created Bank of France ; made taxes fair (everyone paid)
      • Napoleonic Code -wrote down laws; more equal & clear
      • Increased the French empire
    • 6. Napoleon’s Empire
      • Napoleon defeated the First Coalition of European nations
      • By 1803, 2 more coalitions were formed to defeat France
      • Napoleon counter- attacked & invaded Denmark, Italy, Holland, Spain, Portugal, Austria, Prussia (Napoleon wanted a buffer zone between France & its enemies)
    • 7.  
    • 8. Napoleon’s Empire
      • By 1812, France controlled most of Europe
      • Many Europeans saw Napoleon as a liberator, bringing the ideas of the French Revolution with him, BUT…
    • 9. Napoleon’s Empire
      • Napoleon imposed French ways on the European territories he controlled:
        • Forced Europe to obey the Napoleonic Code (French laws)
        • Enforced the Continental System —a strict blockade on all British goods everywhere in Europe & a heavy tax on all European goods except French products
    • 10. End of Napoleon’s Empire
      • By 1812, the only countries outside Napoleon’s Empire were England, Sweden, Russia, & the Ottoman Empire
      • But when Russia violated the Continental System (a ban on British goods), Napoleon attacked Russia
    • 11. End of Napoleon’s Empire
      • Napoleon advanced towards Russia with a superior army
      • BUT…the Czar used a Scorched-Earth policy —attack French, then retreat while burning ground & buildings so Napoleon’s army can’t use them for food or shelter
      • This tactic & a harsh winter devastated Napoleon’s army; Napoleon lost to Russia in 1812
    • 12.  
    • 13. End of Napoleon’s Empire
      • Napoleon was exiled to Elba (an island near Italy); France brought back Bourbon king Louis XVIII
      • BUT..the people of France did not support Louis XVIII & ran him off
      • Napoleon returned & created a new army to lead France; BUT…
    • 14. End of Napoleon’s Empire
      • Coalition of European powers defeated him at Waterloo in 1815; Ended Napoleon’s reign
      • Napoleon was exiled to the South Atlantic where he died in 1821 (of stomach cancer or poison?)
    • 15. Congress of Vienna
      • The Congress of Vienna was an international conference called to remake Europe after fall of Napoleon; met in Vienna, Austria from Sept 1814 to June 1815
      • The main goal of the conference was to create a balance of power that would preserve peace in Europe
    • 16. Congress of Vienna
      • The Congress of Vienna was attended by 4 major powers: Austria, Russia, Prussia, & England; but was led by the Austrian Prince Metternich
      • Metternich disliked democracy & the new ideas of the French Revolution; he wanted Europe back “the way it was” before the Revolution & Napoleon
    • 17.  
    • 18. Congress of Vienna
      • The 4 major powers of Europe made 4 big decisions:
        • Redrew map —France gave up all conquests; Prussia, Russia, England all gained land
        • Reestablished royal monarchies in France, Spain, Portugal, Italian states
    • 19. Congress of Vienna
        • Formed a Quadruple Alliance —England, Austria, Prussia, Russia would maintain security in Europe (act as “firefighters” to put out “sparks” of revolution anywhere in Europe)
        • Reestablished peace & a balance of power in Europe; peace was maintained in Europe for almost 40 years
    • 20.  

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