The Crusades In this lesson, students will be able to define the following terms: Pilgrim Crusades Students will also be a...
Role of Church in Middle Ages <ul><li>Never was there a time when the Church was so powerful in Western Civilization. </li...
Role of Church <ul><li>Since there were no strong empires or kingdoms the Church was one organization that had respect and...
Muslim Conquest <ul><li>In the seventh century, Muslims conquered Palestine. </li></ul><ul><li>Initially, the Muslim conqu...
E. Napp In the seventh century, Muslims conquered Palestine.
E. Napp Christians wanted to visit the land where Jesus was born. When  a person travels for religious  purposes, he is a ...
Rumors and Intolerance <ul><li>As the years passed, reports spread that Muslims had killed Christian pilgrims and destroye...
E. Napp After a call For help from Byzantine  Emperor,  Pope Urban II called for a crusade, 1095.
E. Napp Thousands  of Europeans joined the  Crusades.  Some joined for the  promise of Heaven. Others joined hoping for we...
E. Napp Crusaders often wore a cross on their breastplate .
The Crusades <ul><li>There were a total of 9 Crusades two were not sanctioned by the pope </li></ul><ul><li>First Crusade ...
E. Napp European crusaders went to the Holy Land .
The Crusades <ul><li>Crusade —a “ holy war ” </li></ul><ul><li>Goals of the Crusades </li></ul><ul><li>• Pope wants to rec...
The Crusades continued <ul><li>The Third Crusade </li></ul><ul><li>• Richard the Lion-Hearted —king of England </li></ul><...
<ul><li>Short Tem Effects   </li></ul><ul><li>Temporary gains in land </li></ul><ul><li>show power of Church in convincing...
E. Napp Europeans learned about Arab art, architecture, medicine, and mathematics.
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Chp 14.1 crusades

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Chp 14.1 crusades

  1. 1. The Crusades In this lesson, students will be able to define the following terms: Pilgrim Crusades Students will also be able to explain one cause of the Crusades and one effect of the Crusades. E. Napp
  2. 2. Role of Church in Middle Ages <ul><li>Never was there a time when the Church was so powerful in Western Civilization. </li></ul><ul><li>The Church was led by popes. Priests and nuns converted, gave care to people </li></ul>
  3. 3. Role of Church <ul><li>Since there were no strong empires or kingdoms the Church was one organization that had respect and power. </li></ul><ul><li>Popes were more powerful than kings! </li></ul>
  4. 4. Muslim Conquest <ul><li>In the seventh century, Muslims conquered Palestine. </li></ul><ul><li>Initially, the Muslim conquerors allowed Jews and Christians to freely enter the Holy Land. </li></ul><ul><li>As time passed, some Muslim rulers were less tolerant. </li></ul>E. Napp
  5. 5. E. Napp In the seventh century, Muslims conquered Palestine.
  6. 6. E. Napp Christians wanted to visit the land where Jesus was born. When a person travels for religious purposes, he is a pilgrim.
  7. 7. Rumors and Intolerance <ul><li>As the years passed, reports spread that Muslims had killed Christian pilgrims and destroyed churches. </li></ul><ul><li>European Christians were also increasingly intolerant of Muslims controlling the Holy Land. </li></ul><ul><li>As tensions increased, war seemed inevitable. </li></ul>E. Napp
  8. 8. E. Napp After a call For help from Byzantine Emperor, Pope Urban II called for a crusade, 1095.
  9. 9. E. Napp Thousands of Europeans joined the Crusades. Some joined for the promise of Heaven. Others joined hoping for wealth.
  10. 10. E. Napp Crusaders often wore a cross on their breastplate .
  11. 11. The Crusades <ul><li>There were a total of 9 Crusades two were not sanctioned by the pope </li></ul><ul><li>First Crusade began in 1059; last one ends in 1272 </li></ul><ul><li>Crusaders marched to Constantinople killing and looting along the way </li></ul><ul><li>Crusaders take Jerusalem in 1099 </li></ul><ul><li>Need Second Crusade to hold it </li></ul><ul><li>Jerusalem falls to Muslims in 1187 </li></ul><ul><li>Fourth Crusade to retake; sack Constantinople </li></ul>
  12. 12. E. Napp European crusaders went to the Holy Land .
  13. 13. The Crusades <ul><li>Crusade —a “ holy war ” </li></ul><ul><li>Goals of the Crusades </li></ul><ul><li>• Pope wants to reclaim Jerusalem and reunite Christianity </li></ul><ul><li>• Kings use the Crusades to send away knights who cause trouble </li></ul><ul><li>• Younger sons hope to earn land or win glory by fighting </li></ul><ul><li>• Later, merchants join Crusades to try to gain wealth through trade </li></ul><ul><li>• Pope promises Crusaders who die a place in heaven </li></ul><ul><li>• First Crusade: capture Jerusalem and lands along coast in 1099 </li></ul>
  14. 14. The Crusades continued <ul><li>The Third Crusade </li></ul><ul><li>• Richard the Lion-Hearted —king of England </li></ul><ul><li>• Phillip II of France abandons Crusade after arguing with Richard </li></ul><ul><li>• Frederick I of Germany drowns during the journey </li></ul><ul><li>• In 1192 Richard and Saladin make peace after many battles </li></ul><ul><li>• Saladin keeps Jerusalem but allows Christian pilgrims to enter city </li></ul><ul><li>The Children’s Crusade </li></ul><ul><li>• In 1212 thousands of children die or are enslaved in failed crusade </li></ul><ul><li>A Spanish Crusade </li></ul><ul><li>• Most of Spain controlled by Moors, a Muslim people </li></ul><ul><li>• Christians fight Reconquista —drive Muslims from Spain, 1100 to 1492 </li></ul><ul><li>• Spain has Inquisition —court to suppress heresy; expels non-Christians </li></ul>
  15. 15. <ul><li>Short Tem Effects </li></ul><ul><li>Temporary gains in land </li></ul><ul><li>show power of Church in convincing thousands to fight </li></ul><ul><li>Women more freedom </li></ul><ul><li>Inflation, peasants riot for higher wages </li></ul><ul><li>Persecution of Jews in Europe and Middle East </li></ul><ul><li>Long Term Effects </li></ul><ul><li>Failure of later crusades weakens pope </li></ul><ul><li>Rise of Nations (Countries) </li></ul><ul><li>Strengthening of power of Kings </li></ul><ul><li>End of Feudalism </li></ul><ul><li>Improved trade with East </li></ul><ul><li>Revival in learning and spread of knowledge </li></ul><ul><li>Intolerance and brutality of both sides creates lasting hate. </li></ul>Effects of the Crusades
  16. 16. E. Napp Europeans learned about Arab art, architecture, medicine, and mathematics.
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