Chp 14.1 church reform

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  • 1. Church Reform
  • 2.
    • • Starting in 900s, monasteries help bring about a spiritual revival
    • Problems in the Church
      • Some Church officials marry
      • Simony —selling religious offices
      • Kings appoint bishops, Reformers believe only the Church should appoint bishops
    • Starting in 1100s, popes reorganize Church like a kingdom pope has total control
    • Pope’s advisors make Church laws – Cannon Law
    • Dominican and Franciscan orders form
    • Friars in these orders vow poverty; travel and preach to the poor
  • 3.
    • Early Cathedrals
    • • Between 800–1100, churches are built in Romanesque style
    • • Style includes thick walls and pillars, small windows, round arches
    • A New Style of Church Architecture
    • Gothic style evolves around 1100; term from Germanic tribe, Goths
    • • Gothic style has large, tall windows for more light; pointed arches
    • • Churches have stained glass windows, many sculptures
    • • About 500 Gothic churches are built from 1170 to 1270
  • 4.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Crypt of Saint Europe (11th century), Saints, France.
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