Anja Gassner, Tor Vagen, Mrigesh Kshatriya

Sentinel landscapes
Long term socio ecological
research sites
for FTA
Components
1. Smallholder production systems and
markets
2. Management and conservation of
forest and tree resources
3. En...
Component

1

Smallholder production systems and markets

 Enhancing productivity and sustainability of smallholder
fores...
Component

2

Management and conservation of forest and tree
resources

 Understanding threats to populations of importan...
Component

3

Environmental services and landscape management

 Understanding patterns and drivers of forest (tree cover)...
Component

4

Climate change adaptation and mitigation

 Harnessing forests, trees and agroforestry for climate
change mi...
Component

5

Research
themes

Component Lead
Center: CIFOR
Component
Coordinator:
Pablo Pacheco

Impacts of trade and inv...
Sentinel landscape
A framework to
• Provide hard evidence on key indicators
important to FTA themes
• Standard protocols/m...
Learning from others
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•

CGIAR benchmark approach
International Long-term Ecological Research (IL...
Comparative Research

Sources: Based on Sartori (1970) and Mair (1996)
2 approaches
• Classical comparative study : set of 8 very
different geographical bounded landscapes in
Africa, Asia and L...
8 geographically bound SL
• What are the institutional settings that ensure
that utilisation of forest resource result in
...
Tropical Managed Forest Observatories
1. How does the provision of different forest
products and services vary across grad...
Oil Palm Value Chain
1. What are main trade and investment flows
associated to oil palm expansion?
2. What are the main so...
Linking with other Networks

Linking CRP6 Land degradation models with IFRI and CIRAD
plot level data
• Households (n= 1400) more likely to have fed
all members through the year from home
gardens and fields if they:
– Have f...
Ecosystem monitoring
indicators developed
Amazon - 2001

Amazon - 2011

Tor Vagen, Thomas Gumbricht, 2013

Global Forest C...
Ecosystem monitoring
indicators developed

Tor Vagen, Thomas Gumbricht, 2013

Land Degradation Risk
Systematic methods for mapping of soil and
ecosystem health at multiple scales

2013

1986

2006
Tor Vagen, Thomas Gumbric...
Maximum surface wetness index
2001 (MODIS)

2011 (MODIS)
Land health metrics - PEN villages in Africa
What changes you have made in the way you manage your
land, soil and water and in how you have prepared your land
over the...
Institutional mapping
Proof of concept Nicaragua Honduras SL
Lead by Sandrine Freguin Gresh, CIRAD
Sentinel sites nested in sentinel landscapes
Core methodology
• IFRI +Stages of Poverty (Krishna)
• LDSF
• Household survey
– Livelihood
– Food security
– Social netwo...
Where are we?
• Sampling ongoing: Nicaragua/Honduras;
Burkina Faso Ghana
• Western Amazon, Cameroon, Western Ghats,
Mekong...
ICRAF IFRI Presentation 2013
ICRAF IFRI Presentation 2013
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ICRAF IFRI Presentation 2013

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ICRAF IFRI Presentation 2013

  1. 1. Anja Gassner, Tor Vagen, Mrigesh Kshatriya Sentinel landscapes Long term socio ecological research sites for FTA
  2. 2. Components 1. Smallholder production systems and markets 2. Management and conservation of forest and tree resources 3. Environmental services and landscape management 4. Climate change adaptation and mitigation 5. Impacts of trade and investment on forests and people
  3. 3. Component 1 Smallholder production systems and markets  Enhancing productivity and sustainability of smallholder forestry and agroforestry practices (food security and nutrition) Component Lead Center: ICRAF  Increasing income generation and market integration for smallholders Component  Improving policy and institutions to enhance social assets Coordinator: to secure rights to forests, trees and land Fergus Sinclair Research themes
  4. 4. Component 2 Management and conservation of forest and tree resources  Understanding threats to populations of important tree species and formulating genetic conservation strategies  Conserving and characterizing high-quality germplasm of high Component Lead value tree species in the forest to farm gradient Center: Bioversity  Developing improved silvicultural and monitoring practices for multiple use management of forest ecosystems Component  Developing tools and methods to resolve conflicts over Coordinator: distribution of benefits and resource rights Research themes Laura Snook
  5. 5. Component 3 Environmental services and landscape management  Understanding patterns and drivers of forest (tree cover) transition in decline and restoration phases Component Lead  Understanding consequences of tree cover transition for Center: ICRAF livelihoods, environmental good and services, and adaptive policy Component  Active learning landscapes where innovative responses and Coordinator: policy options are tested Meine van Research themes Noordwijk
  6. 6. Component 4 Climate change adaptation and mitigation  Harnessing forests, trees and agroforestry for climate change mitigation Component Lead  Enhancing climate change adaptation through forests, Center: CIFOR trees and agroforestry  Understanding the role of forests, trees and agroforestry in Component achieving synergies between climate change mitigation Coordinator: and adaptation Lou Verchot Research themes
  7. 7. Component 5 Research themes Component Lead Center: CIFOR Component Coordinator: Pablo Pacheco Impacts of trade and investment on forests and people  Understanding the processes and impacts of forestrelated trade and investment  Enhancing responses and policy options to mitigate negative impacts and enhance positive impacts from trade and investment
  8. 8. Sentinel landscape A framework to • Provide hard evidence on key indicators important to FTA themes • Standard protocols/modules for data collection • Backstopping for data management/data mining/data analysis • Tool to allow greater cohesion, interdependence and alignment of FTA themes both within as well across the landscapes we are working in • Entry for partners to influence our impact pathways
  9. 9. Learning from others • • • • • • • • • • • • • • CGIAR benchmark approach International Long-term Ecological Research (ILTER) International Forestry Resources and Institutions (IFRI) A Long-Term Biodiversity, Ecosystem and Awareness Research Network (ALTERNet) European network for a long-term forest ecosystem and landscape research programme (ENFORS) National Ecological Observatory Network (NEON) Alternatives to Slash and Burn (ASB) Tropenbos International (TBI) Poverty Environment Network (PEN) Tropical Ecology Assessment & Monitoring (TEAM) Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute (STRI) Rewarding the Upland Poor for Environmental Services (RUPES) Smithsonian forest networks (SIGEO/CTFS) World Bank Standard of living survey
  10. 10. Comparative Research Sources: Based on Sartori (1970) and Mair (1996)
  11. 11. 2 approaches • Classical comparative study : set of 8 very different geographical bounded landscapes in Africa, Asia and Latin America • Thematic research questions to guide the selection of a network of study sites across Asia, Latin America and Africa.
  12. 12. 8 geographically bound SL • What are the institutional settings that ensure that utilisation of forest resource result in equal sharing of benefits? • What are the enabling factors that make people value the ecosystem service of trees? • What are the conditions that allow farmers to significantly capitalize on tree products?
  13. 13. Tropical Managed Forest Observatories 1. How does the provision of different forest products and services vary across gradients of timber harvest intensity; i.e., do thresholds in response exist? 2. Are there trade-offs in management practices aiming to enhance the production of different forest products and services; i.e., do threshold points differ among them? 3. Do responses of forests vary across the region, and does this follow trends in forest functional composition?
  14. 14. Oil Palm Value Chain 1. What are main trade and investment flows associated to oil palm expansion? 2. What are the main socio-economic and ecological impacts from such expansion? 3. What mechanisms and incentives are more effective to reduce the negative impacts, and to promote more sustainable and inclusive business models of oil palm production?
  15. 15. Linking with other Networks Linking CRP6 Land degradation models with IFRI and CIRAD plot level data
  16. 16. • Households (n= 1400) more likely to have fed all members through the year from home gardens and fields if they: – Have fruit trees in homestead yard (odds ratio=2.8, p<0.001) – Have fruit trees in fields (odds ratio=2.0, p<0.05) after controlling for household size & dependency ratio, age & gender of household head, number of assets owned, & position on rainfall gradient >This association needs further investigation work expended to analyse 15000 households.
  17. 17. Ecosystem monitoring indicators developed Amazon - 2001 Amazon - 2011 Tor Vagen, Thomas Gumbricht, 2013 Global Forest Cover Index
  18. 18. Ecosystem monitoring indicators developed Tor Vagen, Thomas Gumbricht, 2013 Land Degradation Risk
  19. 19. Systematic methods for mapping of soil and ecosystem health at multiple scales 2013 1986 2006 Tor Vagen, Thomas Gumbricht, Nyahururu, Kenya Mau Forest, Kenya Ecosystem monitoring indicators developed
  20. 20. Maximum surface wetness index 2001 (MODIS) 2011 (MODIS)
  21. 21. Land health metrics - PEN villages in Africa
  22. 22. What changes you have made in the way you manage your land, soil and water and in how you have prepared your land over the last 10 years? Adjusted R-squared: 0.25 Adjusted R-squared: 0.078 F-statistic: 24.53 on 1 and 71 DF, p-value: F-statistic: 7.244 on 1 and 71 DF, p-value: 4.777e-06 0.008
  23. 23. Institutional mapping Proof of concept Nicaragua Honduras SL Lead by Sandrine Freguin Gresh, CIRAD
  24. 24. Sentinel sites nested in sentinel landscapes
  25. 25. Core methodology • IFRI +Stages of Poverty (Krishna) • LDSF • Household survey – Livelihood – Food security – Social network • Farm inventory
  26. 26. Where are we? • Sampling ongoing: Nicaragua/Honduras; Burkina Faso Ghana • Western Amazon, Cameroon, Western Ghats, Mekong • Analytical workshop 3-7 CATIE Costa Rica

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