Missouri Compromise: Cali – free state Review of Friday Mexican Cession – federal land Texas give up land east of Rio Grande Slave trade – no more in Wilmot Proviso: document capital stating that slavery and More effective fugitive slave involuntary servitude were law passed not allowed Fugitive Slave Act passed: Free Soil Party – antislavery crime for runaway slaves northerners that supported Uncle Tom’s Cabin – fictional no slavery in any new story about slavery, riled up territory added the northerners Kansas – Nebraska Act: Secede – formally withdraw divide LP into 2 territories, from Union vote on slavery What states did that? Bleeding Kansas – abolitionists and pro-slavery
Political Parties Undergo Change Republican Party: a political party united against the spread of slavery in the West John Fremont – little experience James Buchanan: democrat Great deal of experience Great Britain ambassador during Kan-Neb act
Dred Scott Decision Dred Scott – slave of Dr. Emerson Dr. Emerson died, Scott became slave of wife Scott sued for freedom Court ruling: African Americans whether free or slave were not considered citizens of the United States, and therefore had no right to sue in federal courts. The Missouri Compromise was also ruled unconstitutional.
Dred Scott Decision Courts reasoning: Chief Justice Roger B. Taney wrote in the majority opinion that the Court did not believe that African Americans were included in the constitution’s definition of citizens and that they, “had no rights which the white man was bound to respect.” Addressing a side issue in the case the opinion also stated that Congress could not outlaw slavery in the territories. Fair? Not fair? Why or why not?
Lincoln-Douglas Debates Historic debate between presidential candidates Lincoln stressed central issue – spread of slavery, wanted to stop it Felt African Americans were entitled to “natural rights” Douglas criticized Lincoln and felt the nation could not be half and half
Freeport Doctrine Notion that the police would enforce the voters’ decision if it contradicted the Supreme Court’s decision in the Dred Scott case Put the slavery question back into the hands of the American citizens Good idea? Bad idea?
John Brown’s Raid on Harper’sFerry Raid began when Brown and his men took over the arsenal in Harper’s Ferry Wanted to start a slave rebellion Brown was ordered to be hanged for this uprising Effective or not? What do you think?
Election of 1860 Constitutional Union Party – recognized no political principals other than the Constitution of the country, the Union of the states, and the enforcement of the laws John Bell Democrats – John Breckinridge Republicans – William Seward, leading candidate, chose Lincoln, appealed to more party members
The South Secedes Southerners Reaction: people in south believed their economy and way of life would be destroyed without slave labor South seceded: Confederate States of America Mississippi, Florida, Alabama, Georgia, Louisiana, and Texas, South Carolina
Questions to Answer from notes1. What was the major issue of the newly formed Republican party?2. Who was Roger B. Taney?3. Why do you think James Buchanan won the election of 1856?4. What was the major issue of the Lincoln-Douglas debates?5. Why did John Brown want to seize the arsenal on Harper’s Ferry?6. Why do you think some abolitionists disagreed with what John Brown did?7. What states made up the Confederate states?