Washington and theDevelopment of the United States of America
Washington leads a new nation• In1789 George Washington became the first president of the United States• Congress and the president organized the executive branch and judicial branches of government• Americans had high expectations for their new nation
Imagine….• If you were there…. You are a seamstress in New York City in 1789. You’ve joined the excited crowd in the streets for inauguration day. Church bells are ringing and people are cheering. Even though you were just a young child during the Revolution, Washington is your hero. How you watch as he takes the oat of office. You are proud to see that he is wearing a suit of American-made cloth.Take a second and think about what America’s future will be like to you under the jurisdiction of President Washington…..
George Washington • Honest leader, hero of Revolution to people in United States • People believed he should be the first U.S. president • Convinced by friends to run for president
Electoral College• Body of electors who represent the people’s vote in choosing the president – Unanimously voted in George Washington in first election – John Adams as vice president
Organizing the Government• Washington – cabinet, • Create policies and different department leaders in government procedures that – Alexander Hamilton: would determine secretary of treasury the future of the – Thomas Jefferson: country secretary of the state • Precedent: action or – Henry Knox: secretary of war decision that later – Samuel Osgood: post serves as an master general example
Cabinet 2012• Current United States Cabinet consists of 15 departments with various ranges of responsibility for the United States.
Judiciary Act of 1789• Act that created three levels of federal courts and defined their powers and relationship to the state courts. – Set up federal districts – Set up circuit court appeals – President nominates federal judges
Americans’ Expectations for the Nation • Urban v. Rural – 5% to 95% • By 1790 the U.S. was home to almost 4 million people • Most Americans were farmers • Small number of townspeople