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Introduction to Civil Engineering

Introduction to Civil Engineering

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Civil engineering Civil engineering Document Transcript

  • Civil Engineering A People Serving Profession
  • Civil Engineering
    • Civil engineering focuses on the infrastructure of the world:
      • Water works, Sewers, Dams, Power Plants, Transmission Towers/Lines, Railroads, Highways, Bridges, Tunnels, Irrigation Canals, River Navigation, Shipping Canals, Traffic Control, Mass Transit, Airport Runways, Terminals, Industrial Plant Buildings, Skyscrapers, etc.
  • Civil Engineering
    • In the beginning, Civil Engineering included all engineers that did not practice military engineering; said to have begun in 18th century France
    • First “Civil Engineer” was an Englishman, John Smeaton in 1761
    • Civil engineers have saved more lives than all the doctors in history --- development of clean water and sanitation systems
  • Civil Engineering
    • Henry H. White, first KY Civil Engineering Graduate from Bacon (Georgetown) College in 1840
    • Fall of 1886, “State College” (UK) established civil engineering degree
    • John Wesley Gunn of Lexington received first Civil Engineering degree from A & M College (UK) in 1890
  • CE Student Organizations
    • Chi Epsilon – Civil Engineering honorary
    • ASCE (American Society of Civil Engineers)
    • AGC (Association of General Contractors)
    • ARTPA (American Road and Transportation Builders Association)
    • ITE (Institute of Transportation Engineers)
    • KSPE (Kentucky Society of Professional Engineers – section of the National Society of Professional Engineers (NSPE))
  • Civil Engineering Process
    • Planning …
    • Design …
    • Construction …
    • Operation/Maintenance …
    • Rehabilitation …
  • Civil Engineering Specialties
    • Construction
    • Environmental/ Water Quality
    • Geotechnical
    • Hydraulics
    • Materials
    • Structural
    • Surveying
    • Transportation
    • Water Resources
  • Construction Engineers
    • Design formwork, scaffolding, lifting apparatus, etc.
    • Management of construction resources: labor, materials, equipment, money and time.
  • Environmental Engineers
    • Apply fluid mechanics, biology and chemistry to the design and operation of environmental control systems, e.g., municipal and industrial wastewater systems.
    • Model and monitor the movement and behavior of water pollutants in natural waters.
  • Geotechnical Engineers
    • Analyze soil and rock that affect the behavior of struc-tures, pavements, underground facilities, and containment structures for solid and liquid wastes.
    • Design foundations, retaining walls, roadway cuts, etc.
    • Field and laboratory work along with design.
  • Hydraulic Engineers
    • Analyze and design systems to transport liquids.
    • Small and large systems of pipes as well as engineered and natural channels.
    • Hydraulic machinery such as pumps and turbines, hydraulic controls such as valves and weirs, and hydraulic structures such as dams and spillways.
  • Materials Engineers
    • Design, analyze, and construct materials such as:
    • Steel
    • Concrete
    • Masonry
    • Asphalt
    • Composites
  • Structural Engineers
    • Design and analyze all man-made objects whose primary function is load resistance: buildings, bridges, aircraft, transmission towers, radar domes and antennas, drilling platforms, etc.
    • Must also consider the economics, esthetics and social implications of their creations.
  • Surveyors
    • Precisely locate and layout engineering projects.
    • GIS (Geographic Information Systems), GPS (Global Positioning Systems), and lasers distance measurement devices.
    • Maps and aerial photos.
  • Transportation Engineers
    • Analyze movement of persons and goods.
    • Plan, design, construct, maintain and operate various transportation modes (e.g., highway, railway, air, water, etc.).
    • Design traffic management systems.
  • Water Resources Engineers
    • Develop, use and manage world’s water resources.
    • Design water distribution systems, wells, reservoirs, canals, locks and dams, port facilities and flood control systems.
    • Analyze the impact of other engineering projects on the natural hydrologic system.