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Dadaab Cultural Orientation Mankato MN - What Do Refugees Know About The U.S. Before Coming?
Dadaab Cultural Orientation Mankato MN - What Do Refugees Know About The U.S. Before Coming?
Dadaab Cultural Orientation Mankato MN - What Do Refugees Know About The U.S. Before Coming?
Dadaab Cultural Orientation Mankato MN - What Do Refugees Know About The U.S. Before Coming?
Dadaab Cultural Orientation Mankato MN - What Do Refugees Know About The U.S. Before Coming?
Dadaab Cultural Orientation Mankato MN - What Do Refugees Know About The U.S. Before Coming?
Dadaab Cultural Orientation Mankato MN - What Do Refugees Know About The U.S. Before Coming?
Dadaab Cultural Orientation Mankato MN - What Do Refugees Know About The U.S. Before Coming?
Dadaab Cultural Orientation Mankato MN - What Do Refugees Know About The U.S. Before Coming?
Dadaab Cultural Orientation Mankato MN - What Do Refugees Know About The U.S. Before Coming?
Dadaab Cultural Orientation Mankato MN - What Do Refugees Know About The U.S. Before Coming?
Dadaab Cultural Orientation Mankato MN - What Do Refugees Know About The U.S. Before Coming?
Dadaab Cultural Orientation Mankato MN - What Do Refugees Know About The U.S. Before Coming?
Dadaab Cultural Orientation Mankato MN - What Do Refugees Know About The U.S. Before Coming?
Dadaab Cultural Orientation Mankato MN - What Do Refugees Know About The U.S. Before Coming?
Dadaab Cultural Orientation Mankato MN - What Do Refugees Know About The U.S. Before Coming?
Dadaab Cultural Orientation Mankato MN - What Do Refugees Know About The U.S. Before Coming?
Dadaab Cultural Orientation Mankato MN - What Do Refugees Know About The U.S. Before Coming?
Dadaab Cultural Orientation Mankato MN - What Do Refugees Know About The U.S. Before Coming?
Dadaab Cultural Orientation Mankato MN - What Do Refugees Know About The U.S. Before Coming?
Dadaab Cultural Orientation Mankato MN - What Do Refugees Know About The U.S. Before Coming?
Dadaab Cultural Orientation Mankato MN - What Do Refugees Know About The U.S. Before Coming?
Dadaab Cultural Orientation Mankato MN - What Do Refugees Know About The U.S. Before Coming?
Dadaab Cultural Orientation Mankato MN - What Do Refugees Know About The U.S. Before Coming?
Dadaab Cultural Orientation Mankato MN - What Do Refugees Know About The U.S. Before Coming?
Dadaab Cultural Orientation Mankato MN - What Do Refugees Know About The U.S. Before Coming?
Dadaab Cultural Orientation Mankato MN - What Do Refugees Know About The U.S. Before Coming?
Dadaab Cultural Orientation Mankato MN - What Do Refugees Know About The U.S. Before Coming?
Dadaab Cultural Orientation Mankato MN - What Do Refugees Know About The U.S. Before Coming?
Dadaab Cultural Orientation Mankato MN - What Do Refugees Know About The U.S. Before Coming?
Dadaab Cultural Orientation Mankato MN - What Do Refugees Know About The U.S. Before Coming?
Dadaab Cultural Orientation Mankato MN - What Do Refugees Know About The U.S. Before Coming?
Dadaab Cultural Orientation Mankato MN - What Do Refugees Know About The U.S. Before Coming?
Dadaab Cultural Orientation Mankato MN - What Do Refugees Know About The U.S. Before Coming?
Dadaab Cultural Orientation Mankato MN - What Do Refugees Know About The U.S. Before Coming?
Dadaab Cultural Orientation Mankato MN - What Do Refugees Know About The U.S. Before Coming?
Dadaab Cultural Orientation Mankato MN - What Do Refugees Know About The U.S. Before Coming?
Dadaab Cultural Orientation Mankato MN - What Do Refugees Know About The U.S. Before Coming?
Dadaab Cultural Orientation Mankato MN - What Do Refugees Know About The U.S. Before Coming?
Dadaab Cultural Orientation Mankato MN - What Do Refugees Know About The U.S. Before Coming?
Dadaab Cultural Orientation Mankato MN - What Do Refugees Know About The U.S. Before Coming?
Dadaab Cultural Orientation Mankato MN - What Do Refugees Know About The U.S. Before Coming?
Dadaab Cultural Orientation Mankato MN - What Do Refugees Know About The U.S. Before Coming?
Dadaab Cultural Orientation Mankato MN - What Do Refugees Know About The U.S. Before Coming?
Dadaab Cultural Orientation Mankato MN - What Do Refugees Know About The U.S. Before Coming?
Dadaab Cultural Orientation Mankato MN - What Do Refugees Know About The U.S. Before Coming?
Dadaab Cultural Orientation Mankato MN - What Do Refugees Know About The U.S. Before Coming?
Dadaab Cultural Orientation Mankato MN - What Do Refugees Know About The U.S. Before Coming?
Dadaab Cultural Orientation Mankato MN - What Do Refugees Know About The U.S. Before Coming?
Dadaab Cultural Orientation Mankato MN - What Do Refugees Know About The U.S. Before Coming?
Dadaab Cultural Orientation Mankato MN - What Do Refugees Know About The U.S. Before Coming?
Dadaab Cultural Orientation Mankato MN - What Do Refugees Know About The U.S. Before Coming?
Dadaab Cultural Orientation Mankato MN - What Do Refugees Know About The U.S. Before Coming?
Dadaab Cultural Orientation Mankato MN - What Do Refugees Know About The U.S. Before Coming?
Dadaab Cultural Orientation Mankato MN - What Do Refugees Know About The U.S. Before Coming?
Dadaab Cultural Orientation Mankato MN - What Do Refugees Know About The U.S. Before Coming?
Dadaab Cultural Orientation Mankato MN - What Do Refugees Know About The U.S. Before Coming?
Dadaab Cultural Orientation Mankato MN - What Do Refugees Know About The U.S. Before Coming?
Dadaab Cultural Orientation Mankato MN - What Do Refugees Know About The U.S. Before Coming?
Dadaab Cultural Orientation Mankato MN - What Do Refugees Know About The U.S. Before Coming?
Dadaab Cultural Orientation Mankato MN - What Do Refugees Know About The U.S. Before Coming?
Dadaab Cultural Orientation Mankato MN - What Do Refugees Know About The U.S. Before Coming?
Dadaab Cultural Orientation Mankato MN - What Do Refugees Know About The U.S. Before Coming?
Dadaab Cultural Orientation Mankato MN - What Do Refugees Know About The U.S. Before Coming?
Dadaab Cultural Orientation Mankato MN - What Do Refugees Know About The U.S. Before Coming?
Dadaab Cultural Orientation Mankato MN - What Do Refugees Know About The U.S. Before Coming?
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Dadaab Cultural Orientation Mankato MN - What Do Refugees Know About The U.S. Before Coming?

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Dadaab Cultural Orientation presentation in Mankato MN and to the Mankato Rotary Club.

Dadaab Cultural Orientation presentation in Mankato MN and to the Mankato Rotary Club.

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  • 1. Cultural Orientation Dadaab Refugee Camps Dadaab, Kenya Robinson Cook
  • 2.
    • In January of 2009, I spent one week doing an independent observation of
    • the cultural orientation classes for refugees in Dadaab Kenya before their
    • resettlement to the United States. This presentation represents what I
    • experienced along the way. I simply recorded and photographed what I
    • saw, heard and touched. I am now sharing it with friends and colleagues
    • to help unhinge the misperceptions people have about refugees who
    • come from East Africa and in particular, Somalia. In the end I hope
    • anyone who views this presentation can appreciate what refugees have
    • gone through to come to the U.S.. I hope you share in the hopes and
    • dreams of your future neighbors, co-workers, and friends.
    The Visit To Dadaab
  • 3. How This Presentation Is Organized 1. Who Is A Refugee and How Does A Person Become A Refugee? 2. Cultural Orientation - What Refugees Learn About The U.S. Before Coming Here. 3. What happens when they get to the U.S. 4. How You Can Support Refugee Resettlement Efforts.
  • 4.
    • A refugee is a person who has been forced
    • from his or her home and crossed an
    • international border for safety.
    • He or she must have a well-founded fear of
    • persecution in his or her native country, on
    • account of race, religion, nationality,
    • membership in a particular social group, or
    • political opinion.
    • Source: U.S. Department of State
    Who Is A Refugee?
  • 5.
    • A foreign-born individual who voluntarily leaves
    • his/her country of origin and has been admitted to
    • reside permanently in the U.S. as a Lawful
    • Permanent Resident
    Who Is An Immigrant?
  • 6.
    • The convention was approved at a special United Nations conference on 28 July 1951. It entered into force on 22 April 1954. It was initially limited to protecting European refugees after World War II but a 1967 Protocol removed the geographical and time limits, expanding the Convention's scope.
    Why Does The U.S. Resettle Refugees?
  • 7.
    • The Refugee Act is a 1980 United States federal law that reformed United States immigration law and admitted refugees on systematic basis for humanitarian reasons. Annual Presidential Ceiling of 80,000 for 2010
    Why Does The U.S. Resettle Refugees?
  • 8. Who is responsible for protection of refugees?
    • The United Nations High Commission for Refugees (UNHCR) is
    • responsible for protecting all refugees around the globe with three
    • durable solutions.
    • Return the refugee to their home country.
    • Local integration.
    • Resettlement to third country.
    • When a refugee walks into a camp and registers they will register with the United
    • Nations High Commission for Refugees (UNHCR).
    • When the first two options are no longer available, a refugee will be interviewed by the UNHCR for
    • resettlement to a third country.
    • (Cuba, Russian and Vietnam are the exception where refugees are processed in their home
    • country).
  • 9.
    • 1. Camp Registration (UNHCR)
    • 2. Referral and Case Creation (UNHCR)
    • 3. Pre-Screen & Case Verification (OPE)
    • Resettlement Decision. Yes/No/Pending (USCIS)
    • Medical Examination (IOM)
    • Cultural Orientation (OPE)
    • Travel to U.S. (IOM)
    • Resettlement in U.S. (VOLAG)
    • 9 Community Support Services:
    • 10. Self sufficiency and integration
    Refugee Timeline
  • 10.
    • The continuing conflict in Somalia has led to a steady inflow of refugees over the subsequent years with no sign of easing up.
    • More than 60,000 Somalis crossed into Kenya in 2008.
    • Dadaab is approximately 40 kilometers (26 miles) from the Somali border.
    Dadaab
  • 11.
    • Ifo
    • Hagadera
    • Dagahaley
    • were built in 1991 to host 90,000 refugees. Today, The camps cover a total area of 50 square km and are within an 18 km radius of one another to host more than 290,000 refugees.
    The Three Dadaab Refugee Camps Marquee at the entrance to IFO refugee camp
  • 12.
    • UNHCR – United Nations High Commission for Refugees.
    • Individuals
    • Large groups of compelling concern: The Lost Boys of
    • Sudan.
    • NGO (Non-Government Organization)
    • U.S. Embassy
    • A family member in the U.S.
    • Affidavit of Relationship (AOR)
    • Visa 92/93
    UNHCR Morning role call – Hagadera. 1. Referral from one of the following:
  • 13. Somali Refugee entering UNHCR compound for her initial resettlement interview.
  • 14. 2. Case Creation - UNHCR
  • 15. Retelling of persecution story by Somali refugee.
  • 16. 3. Pre-Screen – JVA Kenya
  • 17.
    • United States Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS)
    • USCIS interviews refugee and takes one of the following actions:
    • Approves case for resettlement.
    • Denies case for resettlement.
    • Puts case on hold or pending.
    4. USCIS Interview
  • 18.
    • International Organization for Migration (IOM)
    • Basic Medical examinations
    • X-Rays
    • Vaccinations/Immunizations
    • Travel logistics to U.S.
    5. Medical Examinations - IOM IOM medical examination area
  • 19.
    • Joint Voluntary Agency (JVA) Kenya
    • Cultural Orientation to those refugees coming to the U.S.
    • U.S. culture, people, government and history
    • Values and beliefs
    • Travel to U.S.
    • Info on resettlement agencies and community services in the U.S.
    Cultural Orientation class. 6. Cultural Orientation – JVA Kenya
  • 20.
    • International Organization for Migration (IOM)
    • Transportation to transit center
    • Airport check-in
    • Flight to U.S.
    • Accompany refugee to 5 ports of entry: New York, Newark, Miami, Chicago and Los Angeles.
    Refugees on their way to transit center in Nairobi. 7. Travel to the U.S. - IOM
  • 21.  
  • 22.
    • 18-30 Class size
    • 3 Days long
    • 6 hours of instruction per day
    • 1 trainer per class
    • Coordination with UNHCR, IOM, JVA Operations and USCIS
    • Curriculum developed with the Center for Applied Linguistics (CAL)
    Quick Facts About Cultural Orientation Cultural orientation class in IFO
    • What is the purpose of cultural
    • orientation for refugees in the
    • United States?
    • Who funds U.S. Cultural
    • Orientation?
  • 23. Amina – Cultural Orientation morning role call.
  • 24.  
  • 25. “ What do you know about the U.S.?”
  • 26.  
  • 27.
    • “ What do you fear about the U.S. ?”
    • Not getting there (the plane has problems)
    • Gangs
    • Not Getting Jobs
    • The whites taking family members
    • Dogs guard old people; if they leave the old people get lost (reference to seeing eye dogs)
  • 28. Amina explains how transportation operates in America
  • 29. Amina explaining the difference between the public and private health care systems. Prenatal Care
  • 30. Junk mail and regular mail.
  • 31.  
  • 32. Amina stops the video to explain that you actually sit on a toilet as opposed to squatting.
  • 33. Video helps explain civil rights.
  • 34. Visual aids to help explain civil rights, American history, money and identifications.
  • 35. Jeff explains the different types of financial assistance available to refugees.
  • 36. Refugees in cultural orientation class in IFO.
  • 37. Jeff explains the tenant landlord relationship.
  • 38. Video helps explain what is a thermostat.
  • 39. Child Support Video
  • 40. Question: What are the good things about Somali culture?
  • 41. Question: What are the not so good things about Somali culture?
  • 42. Answer: Here are the good things about Somali culture.
    • We greet strangers when they come to our home
    • Somali’s slaughter an animal for a visitor
    • Respect for old people
    • Respect between man and woman
    • Help the disabled and needy
    • Respect between parents and children
    • Respect neighbors rights and rights between neighbors
    • Intermarriage within Somali community brings people together
    • In Somali culture men have their dress and women have theirs
    • There is equality among Somali men
    • There is only one religion
    • Somali’s don’t steal
    • In Somali culture people trust each other
    • Somali’s maintain cleanliness and hygiene
  • 43. Answer: Here are the not so good things about our culture.
    • Female Genital Mutilation
    • Marriage out of wedlock
    • Forced marriage
    • Women being tortured
    • Early Marriage
    • Women inheritance
    • Forced divorce between loved couples
    • Not using child spacing
    • Child labor especially underage children
    • Very high dowry demand – 100 camels
    • Women not given or participating in the inheritance of father’s wealth
    • Young girls given to old men to marry in order for her family to get wealth from him
    • Discrimination against the minority and disadvantaged groups in society
  • 44. “ This discussion about the illegality of female genital mutilation in the U.S. is really more of a discussion about different values and how you will handle it when your values are challenged in America.”
  • 45. “ What will you do when your neighbors are drinking alcohol and barbecuing pork? What will you do when you are not permitted to leave work early to observe Ramadan?”
  • 46. Cultural Orientation Classes Life cycle of resettlement emotions for refugees. 2. Resettlement Bliss 4. Depression & Culture Shock 5. Stabilization. 1. Anticipation and excitement 3. Reality of new life in the U.S.
  • 47. The inside of an airplane
  • 48. The inside of an airplane.
  • 49. You will have an assigned seat throughout the flight.
  • 50. This is what your meal will look like. The flight attendants will bring it to you.
  • 51. Here is what your plane ticket will look like.
  • 52. Congratulations on completing your cultural orientation. You will now travel to the U.S. within one to four weeks from today.
  • 53. Titus explain traveling to the United States. “Do not open this bag until you reach the U.S.. It has all of your documentation.
  • 54. COMMON FEARS Dealing with the weather (snow, etc.) Plane crash Meeting new people and dealing with diverse groups from other parts of the world Cultural adjustment English language may be difficult New life where there is individualism as opposed to a collective way of life
  • 55. COMMON FEARS Not being able to fit into U.S. culture Racism Homosexuality Difference in religion Adjusting to the new climate Many cars & accidents
  • 56. COMMON FEARS Discipline of children Might not have freedom of worship (this refers to being able to pray when one wants) Might be accused of terrorism Electric shocks Coercion into joining the army Use of machines such as cookers, dishwashers, washing machines, etc. Wild fires Feeling insecure because the U.S. has enemies e.g. 9/11 Drug abuse
  • 57.
    • How Does A Refugee Come To Our Community?
    • Family Reunification
    • Free Case
    • Secondary Migration
    • Jobs (Service, Manufacturing, Production…Industries).
    • Family
    • Welcoming Nature
    • Smaller Community
    • Colleges
    • Good Schools Districts
    Post Resettlement Refugee Services
  • 58.
    • $425 / Individual - One Time (Wheels Down)
    • Family of Four
    • $425 x 4 = $1,700
    • $1,700 - One Time Resettlement Grant
    • Housing Expenses (2 Bedroom)
    • $600 - Deposit
    • $600 - First Months Rent
    • $600 - Last Months Rent
    • $1,800 - Total (-$100 - Amount Remaining)
    • Monthly Living Expenses
    • $40 - Electricity
    • $250 - Furniture
    • $100 - Heat
    • $200 - Groceries ($25/bag of groceries).
    • $100 - Clothes
    • $80 - Gas
    • Total = $770
    Post Refugee Resettlement – Family of four Monthly Living Expenses Past Initial Resettlement Month 2 Income: $1440 – ($9.00/Hour x 160 hours or 1 month) 1 Person Monthly Living Expenses $600 - Rent $40 - Electricity $100 - Heat $200 - Groceries ($25/bag of groceries). $100 - Clothes $80 - Gas $100 - Plane Ticket $1,220 – Total Monthly Expenses $1440 - $1,220 = $220 - Net income before Taxes *The end result is duplicated living situations.
  • 59.
    • $900 / Individual - One Time (Wheels Down)
    • Income:
    • Family of Four
    • $900 x 4 = $3,600
    • Housing Expenses (2 Bedroom)
    • $600 - Deposit
    • $600 - First Months Rent
    • $600 - Last Months Rent
    • $1,800 - Total ($1,800 - Amount Remaining)
    • Monthly Living Expenses ($1,800)
    • $40 - Electricity
    • $250 - Furniture
    • $100 - Heat
    • $200 - Groceries ($25/bag of groceries).
    • $100 - Clothes
    • $80 - Gas
    • Total = $770
    • $1,030 - Amount Remaining ($1,800 - $770)
    Post Refugee Resettlement – Family of four March 2010!
  • 60.
    • Refugee Cash Assistance (RCA) & Refugee Medical Assistance (RMA)
    • Case management and fund distribution to recently
    • arrived refugees for 8 months from date of arrival. These
    • refugees don’t qualify for MFIP.
    • Funding Source: U.S. Office of Refugee Resettlement,
    • MN Department of Human Services Resettlement Program
    • Office, Voluntary & County agencies.
    • Eligibility: Single Adults. Married Couples with no children.
    • Amount: $250/Month per individual.
    • Length of Participation: 8 months from date of entry.
    • Source: www.dhs.state.mn.us
    • Google: Refugee Cash Assistance MN
    Post Resettlement Refugee Services – Public Assistance
  • 61.
    • $900 / Individual - One Time (Wheels Down)
    • Individual
    • $900 x 1 = $900
    • $900- One Time Resettlement Grant
    • Housing Expenses (2 Bedroom)
    • $400- Deposit
    • $400 - First Months Rent
    • $400 - Last Months Rent
    • $1,200- Total (-$300 - Amount Remaining)
    • Monthly Living Expenses
    • $40 - Electricity
    • $250 - Furniture
    • $100 - Heat
    • $50- Groceries ($25/bag of groceries).
    • $25 - Clothes
    • $80 – Gas or Bus Card
    • Total = $545
    Post Refugee Resettlement – Individual Monthly Living Expenses Past Initial Resettlement Month 2 Income: $-300 - Carryover $1440 – ($9.00/Hour x 160 hours or 1 month) 1 Person $250 – Refugee Cash Assistance (8 Months) $250 – Total Income Monthly Living Expenses $400 - Rent $40 - Electricity $100 - Heat $50 - Groceries ($25/bag of groceries). $25 - Clothes $80 - Gas $100 - Plane Ticket $795– Total Monthly Expenses $250 - $795 = $-545 - Net income before Taxes *The end result is duplicated living situations.
  • 62. How To Support Local Refugee Resettlement Efforts
    • Take Aways:
    • Donate time, money or expertise to refugee resettlement
    • Become an advocate when talking to your representatives.
    • Help educate friends and family about the resettlement experience.
  • 63.
    • Mission: To help reduce misperceptions about foreign cultures and
    • perpetuate the belief that we are all more alike than different.
    About the Presenter Robinson Cook Professional Contact Info - Lutheran Social Services - Employment Service Director 612-879-5318 [email_address] or [email_address] This presentation can be viewed and downloaded at: www.slideshare.net (Search Word: Dadaab Cultural Orientation)
  • 64. Handouts
    • Evaluation
    • Cultural Orientation Resources
    • Refugee Life Cycle
  • 65. Ethiopian children enjoying seeing the instant result on a digital camera
  • 66.
    • The End
    Questions? Photo by: Amina

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