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  • 1. Psychology Over the Life Span
    Growing Up,
    Growing Older,
    Growing Wiser
  • 2. Having Children
    Do you want to have children some day? Why or why not?
    What are some reasons why people would or wouldn’t want kids?
  • 3. Getting a Start in Life
    Gametes
    Sperm
    Egg
    Chromosomes
    XX = female
    XY = male
    Review
    DNA exists as two long, paired strands spiraled into the famous double helix.
    The 3 billion base pairs are organized into 23 pairs of chromosomes (one set of pair inherited from the mother and one from the father).
  • 4. Stages of Developmentin the Womb
    Trimesters
    Zygote
    A fertilized egg
    Embryo
    2 weeks to 8 weeks after conception
    Fetus
    8 weeks until birth
  • 5. Teratogens
    Maternal illness
    Chicken pox, rubella, HIV
    Alcohol and drugs
    Alcohol, heroin, cocaine
    Caffeine and smoking
    Diet and pollution
    Malnutrition
    Too much methymercury-contain fish (such as tuna) Maternal stressors
  • 6. Vulnerability in Prenatal Development
  • 7. Reflexes Present at Birth
    Withdrawal (10 days)
    Stepping (2 months)
    Sucking (3 months)
    Rooting (3-4 months)
    Palmar grasp (4 months)
    Startle (5 months)
    Swimming (6 months)
    Tonic neck (7 months)
    Plantar (1 year)
    Babinski (1 year)
    Eye blink (life)
  • 8. Temperament
    Types
    Approach style
    Withdrawal style
    Easy
    Difficult
    Biological factors
    Nurturing experiences
  • 9. Physical and Motor Development Milestones
    Baby’s first steps
  • 10. Infancy and Childhood
    Perceptual development
    Visual perception
    Visual cliff experiment
    Habituation technique
    Auditory perception
  • 11. Jean Piaget
    Schema
    Accommodation Assimilation
  • 12. Jean Piaget
    Periods of cognitive development
    Sensorimotor
    Preoperational
    Concrete operations
    Formal operations
  • 13. Sensorimotor Period
    Age
    0–2 years
    Major achievements
    Object permanence
    Imitation
  • 14. Preoperational Period
    Age
    2–7 years
    Major achievement
    Capacity for mental representation
    Egocentrism
  • 15. Concrete Operations Period
    Age
    7–11 years
    Major achievements
    Can take another person’s perspective
    Classifying objects
    Conservation and other reversible mental operations
  • 16. Formal Operations Period
    Age
    11 years (at the earliest)
    Major achievements
    Abstract concepts
    Logic
    Reversibility
    Hypothetical thinking
  • 17. Attachment
    Harlow’s monkeys
    Importance of comfort contact
    Separation anxiety
    Ainsworth: Strange Situation experiments
    Secure attachment
    Avoidant attachment
    Resistant attachment
    Disorganized/disoriented attachment
  • 18. Adolescence: Physical developmentPuberty
    What are some of physical changes that boys and girls experience during adolescence?
    Boys and girls experience puberty earlier than in the past. Impact?
    How do the changes influence them psychologically?
    Is early versus late puberty a good
    or bad thing? Does it vary by gender?
  • 19. Adolescence
    Cognitive development
    Abstract reasoning
    Adolescent egocentrism
    Imaginary audience
    Peer pressure
  • 20. What Behaviors Characterized the Social and Emotional Development of Adolescents?
    Conflicts with parents
    Most frequent in early adolescence
    Most intense in mid-adolescence
    Mood swings
    Depression
    Loneliness
    Suicide
    Risk taking
    Peer relationships
  • 21. Adolescence
    Do adolescents have more problems than younger kids and older young adults?
    Is it worse for boys or girls? Do they cope differently?
    Do parents have different dating rules for boys or girls? Why or why not?
  • 22. Adulthood and Aging
    The changing body
    Genes
    Environment
    Menopause (for women)
  • 23. Adulthood and Aging
    Perception
    Cataracts
    Hearing
    Smell
    Memory
    Recall of specific episodic memories
    Working memory
  • 24. Adulthood and Aging
    Intelligence and specific abilities
    Fluid intelligence
    Crystallized intelligence
  • 25. Euthanasia
    Jack Kevorkianis an American pathologist, who is most noted for publicly championing a terminal patient's right to die via physician-assisted suicide; This is active euthanasia (i.e., active steps are taken to short the person’s life).
    Terri Schiavosuffered brain damage and became dependent on a feeding tube. In 1998, Michael Schiavo, her husband and guardian, petitioned the Pinellas County Circuit Court to remove her feeding tube. Removing the feeding tube would be passive euthanasia (i.e., steps are not taken to keep the person alive).
    Is passive or active euthanasia every justified? If so, under what circumstances?
    What moral issues does passive or active euthanasia raise?
    Are any abuses possible?