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To What Ends


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  • 1. Wilson Chapter 23 To What Ends? AP Government Mr. Cambou
  • 2. Objectives
    • Identify the key factors associated with the growth of government
    • Describe the restraints on government growth
    • Discuss the consequences of activist government
    • Assess the influence of political structure and of ideas on the process of serving some goals rather than others.
    • Explain how the political system has changed and evaluate proposals for reforming it.
  • 3. Old Politics to New Politics
    • Political agenda has lengthened and government’s responsibilities have increased.
      • Using US history as a guide, how can we illustrate this?
    • Pre 20th Century Politics:
      • Few cared about National politics
      • Fed government was small and predictable
      • What changed?
  • 4. Restraints on the Federal Gov.
    • What constrained the government for the 1st 150 years?
      • Supreme court definition of government
      • Popular opinion favored limited gov.
      • Design of system favored limits
    • 2. Why has a new, more expansive government endured?
  • 5. Relaxing the Restraints
    • Changed interpretation of the Constitution
    • Public and elite opinion have changed
    • Wide distribution of political resources
        • -TV and Mass Media
        • -College educations are more prevalent
        • - access to federal courts
  • 6. Old System Characteristics
    • Small agenda
    • Limited leadership circle (machines)
    • Small congressional staffs
    • State’s rights dominated
    • Domestic centered policy
    • Less powerful president
    • Crisis caused bold actions
  • 7. New System Characteristics
    • Large agenda
    • No longer debate “legitimacy” of government action
    • Interest groups
    • Debate over managing the country (Social Security, Civil Rights, budget)
  • 8. Old vs. New -essential differences
    • Harder to start a new program (old) vs. hard to change existing programs (new)
    • - How did Reagan’s presidency demonstrate this?
    • Power is centralized (old) vs. Decentralized power (new)
    • - Why is power decentralized in today’s system? How does this relate to our theories of political power?
  • 9. Changing political landscape
    • 1930s- New Deal
    • 1960s- Great Society and the War on Poverty
  • 10. Consequences of Activist Government
    • Costs and benefits of programs need to be assessed individually
    • Bureaucracy
    • Competing policies
    • Less control by the electorate
    • Greater risk of government failure- held accountable for so much
  • 11. Ideas and their influence
    • Preoccupation with rights - increased use of the courts
    • Elite opinion dictates which rights have priority
    • Freedom versus equality
    • Policy is influenced by ideas (more debate with less centralized power structure)