Democracy Review
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5

Democracy Review






Total Views
Views on SlideShare
Embed Views



3 Embeds 132 125 6 1


Upload Details

Uploaded via as Microsoft PowerPoint

Usage Rights

© All Rights Reserved

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
Post Comment
Edit your comment

Democracy Review Democracy Review Presentation Transcript

  • Foundations of Democracy Influences for Our Own Government
  • Democracy Itself
    • Demos + kratia = “rule by the ruled” or “rule by the people”
    • Direct Democracy: All vote, numbers added up (think Presidential Election or American Idol)
    • Indirect Democracy: Citizens elect representatives to vote / conduct business on their behalf
    • Which type(s) of democracy used in U.S.?
  • Good Government Vocabulary
    • Rule of Law: Laws are laws to be enforced
      • What would happen if I inconsistently enforced lockout?
      • What happens when I consistently enforce lockout?
    • Due Process: Citizens can expect to be treated a certain way by the government when arrested, charged with a crime, conducting government business
  • American Democracy
    • First country founded as a democracy since city-state of Athens
    • Not an original invention, but an effective compilation
    • Influences:
      • Greeks (Athenian Democracy)
      • Romans
      • British Constitutional History
      • Judeo-Christian Tradition
      • The Enlightenment
  • Greek Influences
    • Legacy:
    • Indirect and direct democracy both used in gov’t
      • Assembly: all citizens could propose laws
      • Council of 500, Board of Generals: executive offices selected by citizenry
    • Trial by jury (but, had 201 person jury, 1-day trial, no appeals, no lawyers)
    • Flaws:
      • Women and slaves not citizens, could not speak in court
      • Foreigners not citizens
      • Conquered and taxed occupied states to finance democracy
  • Roman Influences
    • Legacy:
    • 2-house legislature (Counsuls and Senate)
    • All laws written down
    • All innocent in eyes of law
    • Innocent until proven guilty, burden of proof on accuser
    • Separation of Powers in gov’t
    • Flaws:
    • No way to select emperors led to civil war
  • British Constitutional History
    • Legacy:
    • Magna Carta: limits king’s power, “No Taxation without Representation”
    • Parliament: Britain’s version of Congress
    • English Bill of Rights: Common Law that all citizens can take for granted
    • Constitutional Monarchy: King is not above law
    • Flaws:
    • All reforms intended to help nobles, not average person
  • Judeo-Christian Tradition
    • Legacy:
    • All equal in eyes of God, can have personal relationship with God
    • All have responsibilities for actions, to control oneself, to take care of others
    • Basic religious laws foundation for many of our current laws (10 commandments)
    • Reformation: Challenged religious monopoly of Catholic Church, allowed people to interpret teachings of church
  • Enlightenment
    • Legacy:
    • Movement in France, Britain that believed that individuals have right to determine own government
    • John Locke: believed that people naturally good, gov’t should protect natural rights of “life, liberty, and property”
    • Thomas Hobbes: believed that people naturally evil; we need king or dictator to keep ourselves in line
  • Enlightenment, Cont’d
    • Baron de Montesquieu: believed in separation of powers, checks and balances to keep government from being corrupted by single person or group
    • Cesare Beccaria: Advocated more humane treatment of convicts, no cruel and unusual punishment
    • Voltaire: Extremely critical of Church, believed in liberty and freedom of speech of all:
    • “ I may completely disagree with what you have to say, but I will die for your right to say it.”