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  • 1. Class Notes 4:1 The American Revolution Modern World History, by Dan McDowell. Teaching Point, ©2004
  • 2. Factors for Success
    • The North American colonies were primarily populated by people of European heritage
    • Intelligent, well educated in America or Europe, exposed to the classics and the new Enlightenment ideas
    • Strong feeling that the colonies were part of the British Empire and should enjoy the rights of all British citizens
    • Strong colonial institutions created quality leaders with vision
  • 3. Roots of Revolution
    • Proclamation of 1763 – After French and Indian War or Seven Years War, land west of the Appalachians was declared off limits to colonists
    • Taxes – A series of taxes to pay for the French and Indian War were implemented, including the Stamp Act, Sugar Act, and Townshend Duties
  • 4. Roots of Revolution
    • Colonists believed that because they were not represented in Parliament, they could not be taxed fairly
    • The Boston Massacre – In 1770 British soldiers fired on protestors
    • Intolerable Acts – Closed the Boston Harbor after the Boston Tea Party was staged to protest a tax on tea
  • 5. Discussions of Revolution
    • Most colonists wished to remain part of the British Empire
    • Colonial leaders saw their financial holdings threatened by continued British crack downs
    • Combined with Enlightenment ideas of John Locke on the purpose of government, independence was considered
    • First Continental Congress – Members of 12 of the 13 colonies met to discuss problems, a national identity began to evolve
  • 6. Precipitating Events
    • Battle of Lexington and Concord – British attempted to confiscate arms stockpile outside of Boston, met with resistance from Massachusetts Militiamen
    • Common Sense – Thomas Paine’s pamphlet spurred notion of a national identity deserving independence from the tyranny of Britain
    • Second Continental Congress – Members appointed Thomas Jefferson to draft a declaration of independence