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From script to screen<br />Fr. JoselitoJopson<br />
DOING DOCUMENTARIES<br />Documentaries are fictions unlike any other<br />Task of documentaries is to awaken to certain im...
Why engage in TV production?<br />Because we want to – our passion and hobby<br />Because we need to – <br />It is a power...
Where is the place of TV in the Church?<br />To provide footage for secular media<br />In TV Maria and Catholic stations<b...
What does TV do to us and to the Church?<br />It engages us <br />It brings messages in compelling ways<br />It gives Jesu...
PRODUCTION PLANNING<br />3 stages of planning:<br />Preproduction<br />Production<br />Post-production<br />
Pre-production<br />Developing the program idea or “pitch”<br />Program format / treatment<br />Visual potential / feasibi...
A screenplay is “a story told in pictures, <br />in dialogue and description, <br />and placed within the context of a dra...
Story concept: should be expressed in a single sentence called LOG: It is a story about a __________ who wants to ________...
An opening that hooks the audience<br />A final climax that satisfies their sense of storytelling<br />In between:<br />A ...
Introduction: the world of paradigm or models, like genre<br />What is structure: a linear arrangement of related incident...
SCRIPT<br />
FACTORS OF PRODUCTION<br />Technical – lights / sounds, etc.<br />Legal and safety factors<br />Aesthetic factors<br />Acc...
RELEASES AND LEGAL ISSUES<br />Talent release – adults and children<br />Location release<br />Location safety<br />Use of...
PRODUCTION PLANNING<br />Equipment needs<br />Crew assignments<br />Labeling tapes in the field<br />
EQUIPMENT CHECKLIST<br />Video – camcorder, tripod, filters	<br />Audio – microphones, connectors, wind screens, headphone...
PRODUCTION<br />CHECK ALL THE EQUIPMENT YOU NEED<br />Crew assignments<br />Labeling tapes in the field<br />
Ikaw ba to?<br />
LIGHTS<br />
LIGHTING<br />Lighting: 3 point lighting: backlight, separate the agent from the background<br />Key light – main light, m...
LIGHTS<br />
SHOOT TO CUT/ EDIT<br />Principle of Blinking<br />Zooming<br />Panning<br />Dolly<br />Don’t cut on anybody while they’re...
WHITE BALANCE<br />
DEPTH OF FIELD<br />Also, note:<br />Foreground<br />Middleground<br />Background<br />Rule of 3rds<br />
KINDS OF SHOTS<br />XLS<br />LS<br />MS<br />MCU<br />CU<br />ECU<br />2 SHOT<br />
HEADROOM<br />
FOREGROUND/ BACKGROUND ERRORS<br />
MORE HEADROOM<br />
WHERE NOT TO CUT<br />
CAMERA RULES<br />LEAVE ENOUGH HEADROOM<br />LEAVE THE FRAME<br />
180 DEGREE RULE<br />180 DEGREE RULE, DON’T CROSS EXCEPT … <br />LINE OF SIGHT<br />
CUTAWAYS<br />
CUTAWAYS<br />
POST-PRODUCTION<br />Log the tapes<br />Rough cuts / edit worksheet<br />Final edit – sweetening, rendering<br />copyright...
THE TAPE LOG<br />
SAMPLE EDIT LIST<br />
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Script Writing: Introduction

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Presented by Fr. Lito Jopson, Assistant Director for Programming of TV Maria

Organizational Seminar on the Parish Social Communication Ministry
San Carlos Seminary
28 May 2011

Published in: Education, Business, Technology
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Transcript of "Script Writing: Introduction"

  1. 1. From script to screen<br />Fr. JoselitoJopson<br />
  2. 2. DOING DOCUMENTARIES<br />Documentaries are fictions unlike any other<br />Task of documentaries is to awaken to certain important issues<br />
  3. 3. Why engage in TV production?<br />Because we want to – our passion and hobby<br />Because we need to – <br />It is a powerful tool of reaching out<br />It inspires people<br />It touches peoples’ hearts<br />
  4. 4. Where is the place of TV in the Church?<br />To provide footage for secular media<br />In TV Maria and Catholic stations<br />In the Church, 5 mins. Before the mass<br />In DVDs to be distributed to homes and communities<br />
  5. 5. What does TV do to us and to the Church?<br />It engages us <br />It brings messages in compelling ways<br />It gives Jesus a human face<br />It deepens our faith<br />It is a source of income<br />
  6. 6. PRODUCTION PLANNING<br />3 stages of planning:<br />Preproduction<br />Production<br />Post-production<br />
  7. 7. Pre-production<br />Developing the program idea or “pitch”<br />Program format / treatment<br />Visual potential / feasibility<br />Formal program proposal and shooting schedule<br />
  8. 8. A screenplay is “a story told in pictures, <br />in dialogue and description, <br />and placed within the context of a dramatic structure”<br />What is a screenplay?<br />
  9. 9. Story concept: should be expressed in a single sentence called LOG: It is a story about a __________ who wants to ____________.<br />Sources of story ideas:<br />Adaptations of books, plays and short stories<br />Contemporary true stories<br />Historical events <br />Headlines<br />Personal experience<br />Start if: “What if …?”<br />Before you write …<br />
  10. 10. An opening that hooks the audience<br />A final climax that satisfies their sense of storytelling<br />In between:<br />A protagonist the audience relates to<br />A central conflict around which all actions revolves<br />A central emotional line that determines the mood and viewpoint of the film<br />All necessary main and supporting characters<br />Essential structure and content of every scene from beginning to end<br />Components of a good script<br />
  11. 11. Introduction: the world of paradigm or models, like genre<br />What is structure: a linear arrangement of related incidents, episodes, and events leading to a dramatic resolution.<br />Act 1: beginning; introduction<br />Act 2: middle; conflict<br />Act 3: end; resolution<br />In-between: Plot points – an incident, an episode, or an event that “hooks” into the action and spins it around into another direction or line of development.<br />The three-act structure<br />
  12. 12. SCRIPT<br />
  13. 13. FACTORS OF PRODUCTION<br />Technical – lights / sounds, etc.<br />Legal and safety factors<br />Aesthetic factors<br />Access to location<br />Initial surveys <br />Arrangements<br />
  14. 14. RELEASES AND LEGAL ISSUES<br />Talent release – adults and children<br />Location release<br />Location safety<br />Use of copyrighted music, film or tape<br />Stock footage, sound effects and music<br />Obtaining original music<br />
  15. 15. PRODUCTION PLANNING<br />Equipment needs<br />Crew assignments<br />Labeling tapes in the field<br />
  16. 16. EQUIPMENT CHECKLIST<br />Video – camcorder, tripod, filters <br />Audio – microphones, connectors, wind screens, headphones, microphone batteries, audio mixers<br />Lighting – spotlights, soft lights, light stands, barn doors, replacement bulbs<br />Power – batteries, extension cords<br />Legal – talent release, location permits<br />Monitors – headphones, AV cables<br />Others – pocket knife, gaffer’s tape, makeup kit, props, set dressing, clothing and costume<br />
  17. 17. PRODUCTION<br />CHECK ALL THE EQUIPMENT YOU NEED<br />Crew assignments<br />Labeling tapes in the field<br />
  18. 18. Ikaw ba to?<br />
  19. 19. LIGHTS<br />
  20. 20. LIGHTING<br />Lighting: 3 point lighting: backlight, separate the agent from the background<br />Key light – main light, most powerful light<br />Fill light – less powerful<br />
  21. 21. LIGHTS<br />
  22. 22. SHOOT TO CUT/ EDIT<br />Principle of Blinking<br />Zooming<br />Panning<br />Dolly<br />Don’t cut on anybody while they’re blinking / always open eyes<br />5 secs Before, 5 secs. After<br />
  23. 23. WHITE BALANCE<br />
  24. 24. DEPTH OF FIELD<br />Also, note:<br />Foreground<br />Middleground<br />Background<br />Rule of 3rds<br />
  25. 25. KINDS OF SHOTS<br />XLS<br />LS<br />MS<br />MCU<br />CU<br />ECU<br />2 SHOT<br />
  26. 26. HEADROOM<br />
  27. 27. FOREGROUND/ BACKGROUND ERRORS<br />
  28. 28. MORE HEADROOM<br />
  29. 29. WHERE NOT TO CUT<br />
  30. 30. CAMERA RULES<br />LEAVE ENOUGH HEADROOM<br />LEAVE THE FRAME<br />
  31. 31. 180 DEGREE RULE<br />180 DEGREE RULE, DON’T CROSS EXCEPT … <br />LINE OF SIGHT<br />
  32. 32. CUTAWAYS<br />
  33. 33. CUTAWAYS<br />
  34. 34. POST-PRODUCTION<br />Log the tapes<br />Rough cuts / edit worksheet<br />Final edit – sweetening, rendering<br />copyrighting<br />
  35. 35. THE TAPE LOG<br />
  36. 36. SAMPLE EDIT LIST<br />
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