Virtual Open Schooling:   the Road Ahead for India                Ramesh C. Sharma                       15 March 2013Inte...
After our Independence in 1947…• Concerns of The Government of India• To look for an alternative system of education  (to ...
What is being done…•   Primary•   Upper Primary•   Secondary and•   Higher Secondary• Different initiatives: UEE, USE, RMS...
Mid Term Appraisal of the 11th Five       Year Plan (2007-2012)• Strengthening 44,000 existing secondary  schools• Opening...
Open schooling• an alternative to the main stream educational  channels• educational opportunities (courses and  programme...
OPEN SCHOOLING IN INDIA• National Open School (NOS) established in 1989  and renamed as the National Institute of Open  Sc...
ICTs and Open Schoolingproviding educational opportunities to largemasses up to pre-degree level courses
Alternatives to…Exclusive face to facelearning models• Internet - enabling  learning anytime,  anyplace• Online / Hybrid /...
Virtual (or online) Schools                      Where students can learn                      and carry out tasks online ...
http://www.connectionsacademy.com/blog/posts/2010-11-29/Is-Using-an-Online-School-at-Home-Right-for-Me.aspx
ConnectionsAcademy           https://www.facebook.com/ConnectionsAcademy
virtual schools modelhttp://villagevirtual.blogspot.in/
Benefits of Virtual Schools• Personalized, tailored content: suited to  individual learning• Flexibility: Anywhere Anytime...
Skills they learned through a virtual school experience                        My fellow classmates, we’ve all made it thr...
Cases of virtual schools  around the world
The African Virtual SchoolTo help students pass exams in West Africa . It does this byhelping them revise using quizzes an...
The Korean Air & Correspondence             High SchoolServes the nation’s youth and adults who couldn’t get a diploma bec...
Open High School TurkeyThree dimensional approach to learning materials:• Printed educational materials• Education through...
Grampians Virtual School, Victoria,             AustraliaConsortium of schools which provides virtual education in specifi...
Florida Virtual School, USAUSAs first state-wide Internet-based public high school, offers more than 120courses. Enrollmen...
Open High School of Utah, USABest examples of providing "one-to-one tutoring for everystudent in every subject". It is a t...
Virtual School British Columbia,                   CanadaThe students have a variety of goals. Some want to complete high ...
Features of Virtual Schools• Facilitate individualised learning• Use innovative technology• Offer tailor made flexible cur...
Management of Virtual SchoolsOperations wise virtual schools may be:• State owned• College or university based,• Consortiu...
Virtual Education
Emerging Trends In Technology Use In             Education
New Education Systems
edXFree courses designedspecifically for interactivestudy via the web,provided by MIT, Harvardand Berkeley.               ...
21st Century Indian Learners• Net Generation   • Digital Natives• Millennials      • Multi-taskers
Internet Usage in India
A snapshot of digital India   http://www.digitalstrategyconsulting.com/india/2012/05/a_snapshot_of_digital_india_12.php#more
Road ahead…
Game Changers: Education and       Information TechnologiesToday’s knowledge revolution isn’t about how much information  ...
Aakash hopes to end the “digital divide”    in education between the rich and poorhttp://www.springwise.com/education/indi...
Transforming     Lives Shaping the   future…
Virtual Open Schooling: Indian Model                 Institutional               Transformation                  Cognitive...
Virtual Open Schooling         An educational practice that         provides opportunity to         learners to study a fo...
National Consortium for Open      Schooling (NCOS)
Virtual Open Schooling:    Structural Model
Online                        Registration   Online                                          Wiki basedExamination        ...
Virtual Open Schooling:    Support Services              Image source:              http://www.mindlogicx.com/mindspace.html
Virtual Open Schooling:Teaching Learning System
Virtual Open Schooling:         Funding Mechanisms• Subsidised by NIOS• Fee Sharing• Each Member Open School contributes
Technologies:Instructional Delivery
Virtual Open Schooling: Course Development
Virtual Open Schooling:Assessment and Evaluation
Considerations…•Personnel•Instruction•Technology•Training for professional development•Quality assurance•Reporting / data ...
Virtual Open Schooling: the Road Ahead for India
Virtual Open Schooling: the Road Ahead for India
Virtual Open Schooling: the Road Ahead for India
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Virtual Open Schooling: the Road Ahead for India

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Keynote presentation at International Conference "Education for All" organised by National Institute of Open Schooling on 15th March 2013

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Virtual Open Schooling: the Road Ahead for India

  1. 1. Virtual Open Schooling: the Road Ahead for India Ramesh C. Sharma 15 March 2013International Conference Education for All: Role of Open Schooling National Institute of Open Schooling
  2. 2. After our Independence in 1947…• Concerns of The Government of India• To look for an alternative system of education (to the formal education)• Provisions in First Five Year Plan (1951-56)• Need to address the increasing demand for education.
  3. 3. What is being done…• Primary• Upper Primary• Secondary and• Higher Secondary• Different initiatives: UEE, USE, RMSA• Still measures inadequate
  4. 4. Mid Term Appraisal of the 11th Five Year Plan (2007-2012)• Strengthening 44,000 existing secondary schools• Opening 11,188 additional secondary schools (through up-gradation of upper primary schools)• Appointing 1,79,000 additional teachers and• Constructing 80,500 additional classrooms.
  5. 5. Open schooling• an alternative to the main stream educational channels• educational opportunities (courses and programmes) are provided at primary or secondary level• through distance education mechanisms
  6. 6. OPEN SCHOOLING IN INDIA• National Open School (NOS) established in 1989 and renamed as the National Institute of Open Schooling (NIOS) in July 2002• Open Schools (SOS) in 17 states of India, viz., Rajasthan, Andhra Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Punjab, Tamil Nadu, West Bengal, Haryana, Karnataka, Kerala, Jammu &Kashmir, Uttar Pradesh, Assam, Chhattisgarh, Delhi, Himachal Pradesh, Gujarat and Bihar
  7. 7. ICTs and Open Schoolingproviding educational opportunities to largemasses up to pre-degree level courses
  8. 8. Alternatives to…Exclusive face to facelearning models• Internet - enabling learning anytime, anyplace• Online / Hybrid / Blended Learning Models
  9. 9. Virtual (or online) Schools Where students can learn and carry out tasks online as they would have done them in a regular classroomEmpower studentsto learn at theirown pace, time andplace convenient tothem
  10. 10. http://www.connectionsacademy.com/blog/posts/2010-11-29/Is-Using-an-Online-School-at-Home-Right-for-Me.aspx
  11. 11. ConnectionsAcademy https://www.facebook.com/ConnectionsAcademy
  12. 12. virtual schools modelhttp://villagevirtual.blogspot.in/
  13. 13. Benefits of Virtual Schools• Personalized, tailored content: suited to individual learning• Flexibility: Anywhere Anytime access, students can enrich their skills in learning a new subject or take up a course or class normally not available at their schools• Lower costs: Saves on permanent infrastructure costs• Access to high quality education: Access to quality teachers and peers, increases collaboration
  14. 14. Skills they learned through a virtual school experience My fellow classmates, we’ve all made it through online high school. Along the way, we became independent and self- motivated students. Our teachers taught us how to write a research paper, apply the scientific method, and use the Pythagorean theorem. What I believe they taught us the most was to think creatively, have confidence in ourselves, be responsible individuals, have goals, and have the fortitude to achieve those goals. When our social studies teachers were teaching us about the past, they were opening our eyes to what our future could hold. - Aaron Ridenour, Graduation Speech, 2010http://www.connectionsacademy.com/blog/posts.aspx?BlogTagID=c2e61174-ffa3-46eb-8144-6927317fceeb
  15. 15. Cases of virtual schools around the world
  16. 16. The African Virtual SchoolTo help students pass exams in West Africa . It does this byhelping them revise using quizzes and videos online
  17. 17. The Korean Air & Correspondence High SchoolServes the nation’s youth and adults who couldn’t get a diploma because they wereforced to work in the factories to support their families or because they could notafford to pay for high school (students pay to go to most high schools in Korea)
  18. 18. Open High School TurkeyThree dimensional approach to learning materials:• Printed educational materials• Education through the media• Face-to-face teaching
  19. 19. Grampians Virtual School, Victoria, AustraliaConsortium of schools which provides virtual education in specific strands such asPhysics, Psychology, Mathematical Methods, Chemistry and Physical Education, toremote students who can follow a face-to-face class in a school through videoconferencing
  20. 20. Florida Virtual School, USAUSAs first state-wide Internet-based public high school, offers more than 120courses. Enrollment is free and open to public, private, and home schoolstudents in the state of Florida. Students outside Florida enroll on a tuitionbasis.
  21. 21. Open High School of Utah, USABest examples of providing "one-to-one tutoring for everystudent in every subject". It is a tuition-free public charterschool. The School does not charge any fee for attendance,other than some nominal fee at the beginning of the year.
  22. 22. Virtual School British Columbia, CanadaThe students have a variety of goals. Some want to complete high school. Others aregraduates who want to satisfy the prerequisites for a college or university programme.Still others want to better their English skills before they move on.
  23. 23. Features of Virtual Schools• Facilitate individualised learning• Use innovative technology• Offer tailor made flexible curriculum• May be free or charging fee• Provide a variety of content material to the learners like textbooks, study guides, science kits, and electronic gadgets depending upon needs of curriculum• Flexible in allowing students to decide the study schedule as per their convenience and pace
  24. 24. Management of Virtual SchoolsOperations wise virtual schools may be:• State owned• College or university based,• Consortium based,• Public charter schools,• Local education agency based,• Private virtual schools, and• For-profit virtual schools etc.
  25. 25. Virtual Education
  26. 26. Emerging Trends In Technology Use In Education
  27. 27. New Education Systems
  28. 28. edXFree courses designedspecifically for interactivestudy via the web,provided by MIT, Harvardand Berkeley. Udacity was born out of a Stanford University experiment in which Sebastian Thrun and Peter Norvig offered their "Introduction to Artificial Intelligence" course online to anyone, for free. Over 160,000 students in more than 190 countries enrolled and not much later, Udacity Udacity was born.
  29. 29. 21st Century Indian Learners• Net Generation • Digital Natives• Millennials • Multi-taskers
  30. 30. Internet Usage in India
  31. 31. A snapshot of digital India http://www.digitalstrategyconsulting.com/india/2012/05/a_snapshot_of_digital_india_12.php#more
  32. 32. Road ahead…
  33. 33. Game Changers: Education and Information TechnologiesToday’s knowledge revolution isn’t about how much information is available.It’s about how fast knowledge can travel through vast, connected networks of people—and how it can grow exponentially. Game Changers: Education and Information Technologies © 2012 EDUCAUSE
  34. 34. Aakash hopes to end the “digital divide” in education between the rich and poorhttp://www.springwise.com/education/india-internet-access-poorer-students-low-cost-tablet/
  35. 35. Transforming Lives Shaping the future…
  36. 36. Virtual Open Schooling: Indian Model Institutional Transformation Cognitive Transformation Technological Transformation Physical Transformation
  37. 37. Virtual Open Schooling An educational practice that provides opportunity to learners to study a formal school-based course online and gain credit for certification purpose. Learners can study using asynchronously or synchronously technologies.
  38. 38. National Consortium for Open Schooling (NCOS)
  39. 39. Virtual Open Schooling: Structural Model
  40. 40. Online Registration Online Wiki basedExamination Open Courses VOS Platform Web Open Source Conferencing LMS (Moodle) (BigBlueButton)
  41. 41. Virtual Open Schooling: Support Services Image source: http://www.mindlogicx.com/mindspace.html
  42. 42. Virtual Open Schooling:Teaching Learning System
  43. 43. Virtual Open Schooling: Funding Mechanisms• Subsidised by NIOS• Fee Sharing• Each Member Open School contributes
  44. 44. Technologies:Instructional Delivery
  45. 45. Virtual Open Schooling: Course Development
  46. 46. Virtual Open Schooling:Assessment and Evaluation
  47. 47. Considerations…•Personnel•Instruction•Technology•Training for professional development•Quality assurance•Reporting / data analytics•Marketing•Other expenses (travel, health, insurance…)

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