Challenges faced by administrators, faculty and learners in E-Learning


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This is of interest to educators, administrators, students, and community members who value the importance of integrating technology into the curriculum to improve instruction and learning. Online learning involves various skills on the part of the instructor and learner. These include social and communication skills, social networking, independent learning strategies, critical and higher order thinking skills, creativity, and effective online and face-to-face facilitation. In addition, there are may challenges that the educators, administrators, students, and community members face. (..CO11)

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Challenges faced by administrators, faculty and learners in E-Learning

  1. 1. Challenges faced by administrators, faculty and learners in E-Learning Ramesh Sharma 6 February 2011
  2. 2. What is E-Learning?
  3. 3. What is E-Learning? <ul><li>Computer-based Learning </li></ul><ul><li>Web-based Learning </li></ul><ul><li>Virtual Learning </li></ul><ul><li>eLearning </li></ul><ul><li>Network Learning </li></ul>
  4. 4. What is E-Learning? (Source: © Sharma & Mishra, 2007) ‏
  5. 5. Benefits of E-Learning <ul><li>Access to educational resources from outside the institution; </li></ul><ul><li>Quick and easy way to create, update and revise course materials; </li></ul><ul><li>Increased interaction with student through e-mail and discussion forums; </li></ul><ul><li>Location and time independent delivery of course materials; </li></ul><ul><li>Multimedia capabilities enabling instructional designers to prepare quality learning materials; </li></ul><ul><li>Interactive and dynamic learning experience through online assessment tools; </li></ul>
  6. 6. Benefits of E-Learning <ul><li>Platform independent delivery, accessible through any computer with a simple browser interface; </li></ul><ul><li>Increased learner control through hypertext based presentation of information; </li></ul><ul><li>Opportunities for international, cross-cultural and collaborative learning; and </li></ul><ul><li>Ability to serve a large number of students at a potentially reduced cost. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Types of E-Learning <ul><li>Type A </li></ul>Web integrated in a course (f2f/DL) to supplement teaching
  8. 8. Types of E-Learning <ul><li>Type B </li></ul>Web used in a mixed mode (as blended learning) ‏
  9. 9. Types of E-Learning <ul><li>Type C </li></ul>Web used independently as a stand alone system
  10. 10. Who affects the shape of the course? <ul><li>Personnel: Administrators, Department heads, faculty, computer support personnel </li></ul><ul><li>Technical: Computer hardware, operating systems, software platforms, computer labs, maintenance </li></ul><ul><li>Training: Instructors, learners </li></ul>
  11. 11. Challenge: What’s already in place? <ul><li>Does your institution already provide course online, either as fully online or blended format? </li></ul><ul><li>If yes, what are those courses? </li></ul><ul><li>Who teaches them? </li></ul><ul><li>Is there a policy for those who want to teach an online or blended course? </li></ul>
  12. 12. Challenge of putting together <ul><li>Which tools are being used for course offering? </li></ul><ul><li>Who put the course together? </li></ul><ul><li>Within what time frame the courses were put together? </li></ul><ul><li>How much of the course would be accessed online? </li></ul>
  13. 13. Challenge of training <ul><li>What are training provisions for those who wish to teach online? </li></ul><ul><li>Who offers that training: Personnel Department, Academic Department or Technology Department, Instructional Design Unit? </li></ul><ul><li>Are students given orientation to prepare them for online learning? </li></ul>
  14. 14. Challenge of Readiness <ul><li>Low Readiness Level </li></ul><ul><li>Mid Readiness Level </li></ul><ul><li>High Readiness Level </li></ul>
  15. 15. Challenges for faculty <ul><li>Student audience: Beginners or advanced? </li></ul><ul><li>Availability of materials to students: will you deliver fully online or some campus based support be there? </li></ul><ul><li>Support to faculty for creating online course? </li></ul><ul><li>Tools or CMS: where your course will be housed? </li></ul><ul><li>Instructor-Designer collaboration: do you develop and teach course on your own or work on a course authored by others? </li></ul>
  16. 16. Challenge of Cross-Cultural Courses <ul><li>How to form team: mixture of students from different countries or each country have their own team? </li></ul><ul><li>Academic Calenders and time zone differences </li></ul><ul><li>Religious and secular holidays </li></ul><ul><li>Cultural and personal perspective in communications </li></ul>
  17. 17. Challenge of Copyrights <ul><li>Copyright and fair use </li></ul><ul><li>Intellectual property </li></ul><ul><li>Open Educational Resources </li></ul>
  18. 18. Challenges by learners <ul><li>For first timers: terminology, icons, nomenclature </li></ul><ul><li>Technical: browsing, net access, speed, installation of necessary plug-ins, accessing a document created in a different version of software </li></ul><ul><li>New learning environment: independent learning vs teacher lead </li></ul>
  19. 19. Reference <ul><li>Sharma, Ramesh C. & Mishra, Sanjaya. (2007). Cases on Global E-Learning Pactices: Successes and Pitfalls. PA, Hershey: Idea Group Publishing. ISBN: 1-59904-340-8 </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>
  20. 20. Thank You!