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Bunnell ELT7008-4


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e-Motivating e-Learners in the 21st Century

e-Motivating e-Learners in the 21st Century

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  • 1. 21st Century E-learning
    Robin Bunnell
    August 10, 2011
    e-Motivating Learners
  • 2. e-Learning
    Balance Between Pedagogy and Learner Engagement
    Learning Styles and Learning Theories Activities
    Intrinsic Motivation Extrinsic Motivation
    Course Delivery Course Content
    Learner-centered Collaborative Activities
  • 3. Theories and Styles
    Learning Activities
    Learning Styles
    Early Theories
    21st Century Theories
    Collaborative & Team
    Authentic Learning
    21st Century Activities
    Theories, Styles, and Activities
  • 4. Intrinsic Motivation
    Extrinsic Motivation
    Engage in activity based on the reward received in return
    Activity is not always enjoyable to the learner
    Learners may limit activities based on enjoyment
    Engage in activity for the enjoyment
    Engage again in future based on enjoyment of the activity
    External rewards are not a factor
    Types of Motivation
  • 5. Course Delivery and Course Content
    Encourage participation in activities which are relevant to the learner such as authentic activities- intrinsic and extrinsic motivator
    Ice-breaking activities and development of norms and guidelines to foster intrinsic motivation
    Appeal to the learning styles, needs, and diversity of all learners – intrinsic and extrinsic motivators
    Utilize activities and delivery systems to allow for learner control and choice to tap intrinsic motivation and move away from extrinsic motivators – transformative learning association
    Foster a sense of community – safe, stimulating, and relevant learning environment to encourage intrinsic and extrinsic motivation
  • 6. Learner Centered Activities
    Focus is on meeting learner needs and expectations through collaborative activities
    • Design for Multiple Learning Styles
    • 7. Create Activities to Increase Learner Skills
    • 8. Develop Supportive Environment
    • 9. Build a Learning Community
    • 10. Monitor Learner Participation
    • 11. Provide Prompt Feedback
  • How to . . .
    O pen to discovery
    Various learning styles
    Authentic Activities
  • 12. Questions?
  • 13. Resources
    American Center for the Study of Distance Learning
    Distance Education and Training Council
    Distance Educator
    Distance Learning: Promises, Problems, and Possibilities
    Guidelines for Being a Good Online Student
    Guidelines for Computer Mediated Distance Learning
    Impact of the Internet on Teaching and Learning
    New Tools for Teaching
    Resources attributed to Dr. Greg Bischoff, Northcentral University, ELT 7001 Syllabus (2011)
  • 14. Resources
    A Constructivist Approach to Online Training
    Constructivist Learning Design
    Constructivist Teaching and Learning Models
    Resources listed above attributed to Dr. Greg Bischoff, Northcentral University, ELT 7003 Syllabus (2011)
    Intrinsic Motivation and Extrinsic Motivation with Examples of Each Type of Motivation
    Center for Teaching, Learning, and Technology Encouraging Students' Intrinsic Motivation Kathleen McKinney Cross Chair in the Scholarship of Teaching and Learning and Professor of Sociology Illinois State University
    Learning Activities: Authentic Learning - Reeves, T., Herrington, J. & Oliver, R. (2002). Authentic activities and online learning. Paper presented at the Quality Conversations, Proceedings of the 25th HERDSA Annual Conference, Perth, Western
    Transformative Learning Theory - Scott Wallace
  • 15. References
    Baker, C., & Edwards, J. (2011, August). A holistic approach for establishing social presence in online courses & programs. Retrieved from, T. (2003). Discussion based online teaching to enhance student learning: Theory, practice and assessment. Sterling, VA: Sylus Publishing, LLC.
    Bonk, C. (2010a, September 21). Coordinating Online Project, Problem, Product-Based Learning [Video file]. Retrieved from, C. (2010b, September 21). Hands-on Experiential Learning [Video file]. Retrieved from, B. (2002). ABCs of e-learning: Reaping the benefits and avoiding the pitfalls. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass/Pfeiffer.Brown, M. (2010, September/October). A dialogue for engagement. EDUCAUSE Review, 45(5), 38-40.
    Bruner, J. Constructivist theory. Retrieved September 17, 2011, from
    Chin, S., & Williams, J. (2006, March). A Theoretical Framework for Effective Online Course Design. Journal of Online Teaching and Learning 2(1), 12-21. Retrieved from,38
    Corriea, A. (2008, April/May ). Moving from Theory to Real-World Experiences in an e-Learning Community. Journal of Online Education 4(4). Retrieved from
    Clardy, A. (2009, June). Distant, on-line education: Effects, principles and practices. Retrieved  from
    Conrad, R., & Donaldson, J. (2004). Engaging the online learner: Activities and resources for creative instruction. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.
    Garrison, D.R. (2006, February). Online Collaboration Principles. Journal of Asynchronous Learning Networks 10(1), 25-34. Retrieved from
  • 16. References – cont’d
    Kim, K. & Bonk, C. (2006). The Future of Online Teaching and Learning in Higher Education, Educause Quarterly, 4, 22-40. Retrieved from, M. (2007a, May). Authentic learning for the 21st century: An overview. In D. Oblinger (Ed.), Educause Learning Initiative [White paper]. Retreived from
    Palloff, R., & Pratt, K. (2001). Lessons from the cyberspace classroom: The realities of online teaching. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.
    Palloff, R., & Pratt, K. (2007). Building online learning communities: Effective strategies for the virtual classroom. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.
    Piki, A. (2009). Portraits of Learners: an Ethnographic Study of Computer-Supported Collaborative Learning (CSCL) Practices. Proceedings of the 8th European Conference on e-Learning, 458-465.Schmeil, A., & Eppler, M. (2008, January). Knowledge Sharing and Collaborative Learning in Second Life: A Classification of Virtual 3D Group Interaction Scripts. Journal of Universal Computer Science 14(3), 665-677. Retrieved from
    Sontag, M. (2009, April/May). A Learning Theory for 21st Century Students. Journal of Online Education 5(4). Retrieved from Regional Technology in Education Consortium. (2003). Planning into practice.   Retrieved from, R. (2005). 75 e-learning activities: Making online learning interactive. San Francisco, CA: Pfeiffer.
    Woo, Y., Herrington, J., Agostinho, S., and Reeves, T. (2007). Implementing Authentic Tasks in Web-based Learning Environments. EDUCAUSE Quarterly30(3), 36-43. Retrieved from