Depression is a mood disorder and is likely caused by a combination of genetic, biologic, and environmental factors. In terms of the biologic basis, there is an abnormality in neurotransmitters in the brain.
Antidepressants are medications commonly used to treat depression.
Neurotransmitters are natural chemicals in the brain that affect mood and emotional response. Antidepressant medications work to balance these chemicals.
Serotonin, Norepinephrine, and Dopamine are 3 neurotransmitters that are involved in depression.
Bipolar disorder was formerly called “manic depression”. It is characterized by moods that swing between periods of mania (exaggerated euphoria and/or irritability) and depression. Chemical imbalance is a key component in Bipolar Disorder.
Types of Medications Used to Treat Bipolar Disorder
Mood Stabilizers (Anticonvulsant or anti-seizure medications are also used as mood stabilizers)
The most important message to send to a woman who is pregnant and is taking psychotropic medications or is suffering from a psychiatric disorder and is considering medications is that she should Discuss the risks and benefits with her doctor.