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From Smart Grids to Smart Consumers
From Smart Grids to Smart Consumers
From Smart Grids to Smart Consumers
From Smart Grids to Smart Consumers
From Smart Grids to Smart Consumers
From Smart Grids to Smart Consumers
From Smart Grids to Smart Consumers
From Smart Grids to Smart Consumers
From Smart Grids to Smart Consumers
From Smart Grids to Smart Consumers
From Smart Grids to Smart Consumers
From Smart Grids to Smart Consumers
From Smart Grids to Smart Consumers
From Smart Grids to Smart Consumers
From Smart Grids to Smart Consumers
From Smart Grids to Smart Consumers
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From Smart Grids to Smart Consumers

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Presentation to the REIS group on the Smart Consumers project.

Presentation to the REIS group on the Smart Consumers project.

Published in: Education, Technology
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  • 1. From Smart Grids to Smart Consumers Robert Brewer [email_address] Collaborative Software Development Laboratory Information and Computer Sciences University of Hawaii Honolulu HI 96822
  • 2. Motivation <ul><li>IPCC says climate is changing because of us </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1m sea level rise this century </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ocean acidification </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Weather more variable (storms, droughts) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Oil will run out this century </li></ul><ul><ul><li>91% of HI electricity from fossil fuels </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Before it runs out, oil price will skyrocket </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Hawaii spends $800K/hr for oil imports now </li></ul></ul>
  • 3. Smart Grid Vision <ul><li>Let’s imagine a “near” future for Hawaii: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>HECO: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>more diversified utility-scale generation </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>a “smart” grid </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Consumers: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>more personal-scale generation (solar) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>high quality info about energy usage and impact (CO 2 , $) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>able to make “smart” energy decisions </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>The result: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Lower cost, more predictable & sustainable energy </li></ul></ul><ul><li>So how do we get there from here? </li></ul>
  • 4. Challenges <ul><li>Changing HECO is hard </li></ul><ul><li>Homeowners have options </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Install PV panels </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Install solar hot water heater </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Upgrade to more efficient appliances </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Change their behavior </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Behavior changes will be key </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Only option for renters & office dwellers </li></ul></ul>
  • 5. The Goal <ul><li>How do we help people become “smarter”? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Design and implement simulations of “highly transparent” energy generation and usage. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Design and implement consumer-facing information repositories and interfaces </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Learn: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>What kinds of information do consumers need, at what time and in what way, in order for them to make “smart” energy choices? </li></ul></ul>
  • 6. What is a “smart” choice? <ul><li>A “smart” consumer energy choice is a conscious trade-off between the “3 Cs”: </li></ul><ul><li>What choice has the least cost ? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Run the A/C when energy is cheapest </li></ul></ul><ul><li>What choice generates the least carbon ? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Run the A/C when the carbon intensity of the grid is lowest </li></ul></ul><ul><li>What choice is most convenient ? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Start the A/C before I get home </li></ul></ul>
  • 7. Implications <ul><li>No grid can ever be “smart” enough to eliminate the need for “smart” consumers. </li></ul><ul><li>Technological support for smart consumption is a non-trivial problem, involving: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>getting the right information on energy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>storage, analysis, presentation, delivery </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>social, privacy implications </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Results will shape smart grid development </li></ul><ul><ul><li>What consumers need from utilities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Design of future smart appliances </li></ul></ul>
  • 8. Research Directions <ul><li>WattDepot </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Research infrastructure for energy data storage and analysis </li></ul></ul><ul><li>OSCAR </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Oahu Smart Consumer Analysis & Research </li></ul></ul><ul><li>REIS Smart Grid Lab Design </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Instrumentation and analysis for GHHI </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Saunders Hall Energy Competition </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Understanding impact of incentives, communication on conservation </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Community Outreach </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Collaborations with Hawaii organizations </li></ul></ul>
  • 9. WattDepot <ul><li>Integrates power data from diverse sources </li></ul><ul><ul><li>From utility generation to consumer usage </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Implemented as RESTful web service </li></ul><ul><ul><li>PUT http://host/wattdepot/sources/saunders/sensordata/2009-07-28T09:00:00.000-10:00 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>GET http://host/wattdepot/sources/kahe02/power/2009-12-13T18:00:00.000-10:00 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Status </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Can store & retrieve sensor data </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Can chart data via Google Visualization API </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dynamically fetch Saunders data very soon </li></ul></ul>
  • 10. WattDepot Data Flow
  • 11. OSCAR <ul><li>Simulated dataset of Oahu power generation: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Power production by baseline, cycling, peaking plants </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Carbon intensity of each plant </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Simulated dataset of consumer usage </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Based upon real data (Philip’s home usage) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Can also simulate future data </li></ul><ul><li>Design of consumer-facing interfaces to support “smart” choices (3 Cs) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>ICS 413 & 613 class projects will start this </li></ul></ul>
  • 12. REIS Smart Grid Lab Design <ul><li>WattDepot and OSCAR are two components </li></ul><ul><li>Other possible components: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sensors for Holmes Hall power consumption </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sensors for Holmes Hall rooftop PV </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Simulation software </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Power generation equipment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Educational “lab experiments” </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Smart grid lab kickoff meeting </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Coming soon (October) </li></ul></ul>
  • 13. Saunders Energy Competition <ul><li>5 floors in Saunders Hall compete </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Series of rounds </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Scheduled for early 2010 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Different incentives and communication media each round </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Ambient” displays show floor power usage </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Per-floor websites for collaboration </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Winner gets some $ savings returned </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Hypotheses </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ambient displays & websites aid conservation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Incentives help in short term, but not long </li></ul></ul>
  • 14. Community Outreach <ul><li>Blue Planet Foundation (Gary Gill) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Planning energy conversation contest </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>< 50 homes </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Kanu Hawaii (Olin Lagon) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Has funding to study power meters & audits </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Determine their effectiveness in HI </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hundreds of homes </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Hawaii Energy Efficiency Program (Derrick Sonoda) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>New home of HECO’s efficiency programs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Planning website where people can compare electricity usage to similar homes </li></ul></ul>
  • 15. Deliverables Fall 2009 <ul><li>WattDepot implementation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Retrieving data from Saunders (usage & PV), Philip’s house, OSCAR </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Providing display and simple analyses of data </li></ul></ul><ul><li>OSCAR implementation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Generating simulated Oahu data </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dialog with HECO validating simulated data </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Smart Grid Lab planning </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Specify sensors to instrument Holmes </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Saunders Energy Competition </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Experimental design </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Website prototype </li></ul></ul>
  • 16. Questions? <ul><li>Please ask away! </li></ul><ul><li>Or email me at rbrewer@lava.net </li></ul>

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